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Armenia Travel Guide

Last Updated: May 4, 2023

Mount Ararat and the Yerevan skyline in Armenia

Straddling the divide between Asia and Europe , Armenia might be one of the final travel frontiers left on the planet for adventurous backpackers. Visiting Armenia isn’t often on a traveler’s to-do list, despite its beautiful snowy mountain peaks and many perfectly preserved medieval monasteries.

But their loss is your gain as the country is virtually untouched by mass tourism.

Armenia’s history is complicated and often tragic, marked with countless years of warfare and the infamous Armenian Genocide in which the Ottoman government murdered 1.5 million Armenians in the early 1900s.

Learn more about the country’s past by visiting the many historical monuments and religious structures scattered around the country, including the 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral and the Greco-Roman Temple of Garni.

Armenia’s dramatic landscape of jagged mountains and deep, rugged valleys — especially in the Geghama mountain range — is perfect for trekking, biking, and off-roading.

Moreover, Armenians love chatting with visitors. You don’t have to try hard to meet the locals here as they’re going to want to know why you are visiting since so few people do!

This travel guide to Armenia will help you plan your trip, save money, and make the most of your time in this underrated gem!

Table of Contents

  • Things to See and Do
  • Typical Costs
  • Suggested Budget
  • Money-Saving Tips
  • Where to Stay
  • How to Get Around
  • How to Stay Safe
  • Best Places to Book Your Trip
  • Related Blogs on Armenia

Top 5 Things to See and Do in Armenia

Republic Square, a central square with a large fountain, surrounded by historic buildings, in Yerevan, Armenia

1. See Mount Ararat

This dormant volcano is technically a part of Turkish territory and is believed to be the final resting spot of Noah’s Ark. While you can’t hike the mountain from Armenia, you can certainly admire it up close from the Khor Virap monastery, located just 50 kilometers (31 miles) from Yerevan!

2. Visit Yerevan

Known as Armenia’s “Pink City” for the rose-colored volcanic material used for much of the city’s buildings, Yerevan is home to wide tree-lined boulevards, busy town squares, and a thriving cafe culture. Try the city’s famous dark coffee; it’s rich, sweet, and packed with caffeine.

3. Go Skiing in Tsaghkadzor

Thanks to its mountainous terrain, Armenia has become a hit with extreme sports lovers. During the winter, Armenia is transformed into a ski and snowboarding haven. Tsaghkadzor ski resort in the Marmarik river valley is the most popular place to go. A day ticket costs 12,000 AMD.

4. Visit Dilijan National Park

Dilijan National Park is easily one of the most scenic destinations to visit in Armenia, boasting wide swatches of forested hills and green meadows home to thousands of plant species. Hike the well-marked trails to springs and monasteries or spend some time at scenic Parz Lake.

5. Visit the Genocide Museum

The Armenian Genocide Memorial & Museum stands as a powerful reminder of the genocide that took place in Armenia between 1915-1922 at the hands of the Ottoman Empire. Inside is a collection of photographs, documents, newspaper reports, and films curated to tell the story of this tragic event in Armenian history. Admission is free but donations are welcomed.

Other Things to See and Do in Armenia

1. take the cable car to tatev monastery.

This medieval monastery was built between the 9th-13th centuries and is unique thanks to its position on the edge of a deep gorge. The inside is covered in 10th-century frescoes and vaulted stone ceilings, while the exterior has many pointed domes and is surrounded by tall stone fortress walls that drop off immediately into the gorge below. There are stunning views and photography spots all around the complex as well. The only way to visit the monastery is by taking the cable car across a 5,752-meter cableway (the longest in the world) suspended 320 meters (1,049 feet) above the River Vorotan. The cable car ride takes around 15 minutes, and a round-trip ticket is 5,000 AMD. Tatev is about 3.5 hours from Yerevan.

2. Visit Shikahogh State Reserve

Shikahogh State Reserve is the second largest forest in Armenia and is home to some diverse wildlife including leopards, bears, wild goats, and vipers. There are lush mountain hiking trails (although they are not always well maintained) that lead you to Iron Age tombs, medieval churches and monasteries, waterfalls, crystal-clear springs, and even abandoned towns. The 11-kilometer (7-mile) route from Mount Khustup to Shishkert village is tough but incredibly scenic.

3. Swim in Lake Sevan

Also known as the “Armenian Sea,” Lake Sevan is a massive lake (it covers 5% of the country) located high in the Caucasus mountains. Known for its incredible biodiversity and stunningly stark landscapes, Lake Sevan is a popular destination for domestic and foreign travelers alike. Come here to relax in one of the lakeside villages, visit medieval monasteries, and swim in the lake (if it’s warm enough or you’re brave enough!). The lake is so high in altitude (1,900 meters above sea level) that if you sit on the riverbank, it almost looks like the river is running into the sky. You can wild camp here for free as well. Lake Sevan is around 65 kilometers (40 miles) from Yerevan. The most common way to get here is by marshrutka (minibus), which takes around an hour.

4. See Geghard Monastery

Geghard Monastery is a World Heritage-listed complex named from the lance that pierced Christ’s side at the crucifixion. The buildings are partially carved out of the mountains and surrounded by cliffs along the Azat River Gorge. Inside the 13th-century Avazan Chapel is a sacred spring that runs through the monastery, and the original reason for the founding of the area as a religious site back in the 4th century. Today, visitors fill up bottles to take the holy water home. Admission is free.

5. Visit the Echmiadzin Cathedral

Located only 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Yerevan, no visit to Armenia would be complete without seeing the Echmiadzin Cathedral. The cathedral was built following the country’s adoption of Christianity in 301 CE, making it the first country in the world to do so. The cathedral is the oldest in Armenia and is often cited as the oldest cathedral in the world. The cathedral’s museum has some fascinating artifacts, including a supposed piece of the cross on which Jesus was crucified, the spear that pierced Jesus’ side, and a piece of Noah’s Ark. Admission to the museum is 1,500 AMD.

6. Explore Gyumri

The city of Gyumri is one of Armenia’s most ancient settlements, dating back nearly 3,000 years. Starting from the busy Vardanants Square at the center of town, walk to the Kumayri Historic District, a sort of open-air museum filled with historic buildings like the Sev Ghul fortress and the Paris Hotel (used as a maternity hospital during Soviet times). Be sure to visit the Dzitoghtsyan Museum of Social Life (1,000 AMD entry), which showcases life in the area from the 19th century to the 1920s, or the Aslamazyan Sisters House-Museum (300 AMD entry), with works from two sisters who helped bring equality to Armenian women through their art.

7. Experience the healing waters of Jermuk

With over 40 natural thermal springs, Jermuk is the most popular spa town in Armenia, with a variety of resort hotels and spas (rooms start at 15,000 AMD). Get a free sample of healing mineral water from the Gallery of Water, where natural mineral water flows into 5 different stone urns, each with different healing properties and temperatures (be careful as some are very hot). While you’re there, make sure you venture to the Jermuk waterfall, which, at 70 meters tall (230 feet), is Armenia’s second-largest waterfall. Jermuk is about 3 hours from Yerevan.

8. Visit the Army of Stones

Karahunj, otherwise known as Zorats Karer (or Army of Stones in English), is Armenia’s oldest and most popular megalithic site. Located at an altitude of 1,770 meters (5,800 feet) on a rocky plateau, no one knows how these 200 stones got here. Even stranger is the fact that each stone has 5-centimeter holes in it. There are many different theories on how and why the stones are here, but the most popular theory is that the site was constructed in the 6th century BCE for stargazing.

9. Take a wine tasting tour

With over 500 unique and native varieties almost unknown to the world outside Armenia, taking a wine tour is a must for any wine lover. In fact, the oldest wine cave in the world (it’s 6,000 years old!) is near Areni. Sadly, during Soviet rule, many of the wineries were shut down. It is only in the last decade that Armenia has begun to reconnect with its winemaking roots. Wine tours from Yerevan start from 37,000 AMD for a tour of one winery and go up to around 75,000 AMD for a full-day tour.

10. Go to the Erebuni Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve

This archaeological site encapsulates the ancient Erebuni Fortress, which dates to 782 BCE, a whole three decades before Rome was even established, and after which the city of Yerevan was named. The entire complex is now an outdoor museum, with an indoor component as well. The museum contains more than 12,000 artifacts offering insights into Armenia’s ancient history and the establishment of the city of Yerevan. You’ll also learn about what daily life was like in the palace of Argishti I, one of the greatest kings of ancient Urartu. Admission is 1,000 AMD or 2,500 AMD with a guide.

11. See Noravank

Built in the 13th century, legend has it that when the Mongols conquered Armenia hundreds of years ago, it was God himself that saved the Noravank monastery. Delicately carved stonework and religious reliefs (including depictions of God) decorate the three churches here. Unlike the many other Armenian monasteries that are located on top of mountains and gorges, Noravank is set on the floor of a deep valley, with towering red cliffs rising up on either side of the complex. Visiting the site is free, though the museum is 500 AMD. The monastery is around 122 kilometers (76 miles) from Yerevan.

Armenia Travel Costs

Tatev hilltop monastery blanked in snow in Armenia

Accommodation – There are a limited number of hostels in Armenia and most of them are in the capital, Yerevan. A bed in a 4-6-bed dorm costs 5,000-7,500 AMD, while a bed in an 8-bed-dorm costs 3,000-4,000 AMD. A private double room in a hostel is around 10,000-15,000 AMD with a shared bathroom. Standard amenities include Wi-Fi and bedding. Free breakfast and shared kitchens are common as well (though not all hostels have them).

Camping is available around the country. For those not traveling with a tent, you can often rent them at the Tourist Information Centers. Wild camping is free, but if you prefer camping on a campsite, prices start at around 4,000 AMD per night for two people and a tent.

Budget hotels average around 8,000-9,850 AMD per night. Free Wi-Fi is standard and free breakfast is usually included.

Airbnb is available though the options are limited. Private rooms start around 10,000 AMD per night while entire homes/apartments average closer to 25,000 AMD.

Food – Armenia is a landlocked country with a long history of trade, meaning that Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Eastern European countries have all left their mark on the country’s cuisine.

Fresh and dried herbs create flavorful dishes, and common spices include black pepper, sumac, cumin, mint, and cinnamon. Staple vegetables include eggplant, cucumber, bell pepper, tomato, and onion. Legumes, especially chickpeas and lentils, are also used as central ingredients in many dishes. Pork, lamb, and beef are the most common meats. Though meat is predominant in the cuisine, because of the fasting periods in the Armenian Apostolic religion, there are many traditional dishes that are entirely plant-based as well.

Common dishes include a variety of cold salads, yogurt soups, boereg (filled pastry pies), bozbash (lamb stew), khorovats (grilled meat skewers), tolma (stuffed grape leaves), kyufta (a type of meatball), and harissa (a porridge that’s considered Armenia’s national dish). Traditional lavash bread, a flatbread made from wheat and baked in a clay oven, is integral to Armenian cuisine and is served with most meals.

Street food like shawarma or lahmajun (Armenian pizza) costs less than 1,000 AMD, and a glass of tan (a salty yogurt drink) shouldn’t be more than 300 AMD.

For an inexpensive meal at an Armenian restaurant, expect to pay around 1,250-2,750 AMD for traditional food like spa (an extra creamy soup), kyufta (meatballs), or Armenian cheese with basturma (dried meat with spices) wrapped in a piece of Armenian pita bread.

Higher-end or Western restaurants cost about 6,000-8,500 AMD per meal. Even Chinese takeout restaurants, normally a mainstay of the budget traveler, are more expensive than Armenian meals, costing at least 3,800 AMD for a dish.

In terms of drinks, expect to pay 600 AMD for a beer, 700 AMD for a glass of Armenian wine, 1,000-1,500 AMD for a cocktail, 800 AMD for a cup of Armenian coffee, and 1,200 AMD for a cappuccino.

If you plan on cooking your own meals, a week’s worth of groceries should cost around 12,000-16,000 AMD but, with food prices being so low, it’s better to eat street food and enjoy the food the country has to offer!

Backpacking Armenia Suggested Budgets

On a backpacking budget of about 17,500 AMD per day, you can stay in a hostel dorm (or camp), eat street food or at inexpensive restaurants, cook some of your meals, use local transportation (including some intercity buses), limit your drinking, and stick to mostly free or cheap activities like hiking and museum visits.

On a mid-range budget of about 43,000 AMD, you can stay in a private hostel or Airbnb, eat any budget restaurant meal you want, enjoy a few drinks, take some taxis to get around, take intercity trains, and do more paid activities like ride the cable car to Tatev Monastery and do a winery tour.

On a “luxury” budget of about 77,000 AMD per day, you can stay in a hotel, eat anywhere you want, drink more, rent a car to get around, and do whatever tours and activities you want. This is just the ground floor for luxury though. The sky is the limit!

Use the chart below to get an idea of how much you need to budget daily, depending on your travel style. Keep in mind these are daily averages – some days you’ll spend more, some days you’ll spend less (you might pay less every day). We want to give you a general idea of how to make your budget. Prices are in AMD.

Armenia Travel Guide: Money-Saving Tips

Armenia isn’t going to break your bank. There are so many free activities here, especially if you’re enjoying the outdoors, that it’s hard to spend a lot. Throw in cheap food, beer, and accommodation, and you can really stretch your budget here. However, if you’re looking to lower your expenses even more, here are some ways to save money in Armenia:

  • Take a free walking tour – Yerevan Free Walking Tour is a great way to get familiar with the city and the culture. Just be sure to tip your guide at the end!
  • Hitchhike and wild camp – If you really want to save money in Armenia, it is one of the easiest countries in the world to hitchhike. You will likely never wait long. Wild camping is also legal, and it is very common for friendly Armenians to invite you to their home for food so bring a tent when you visit.
  • Cook your own meals – Some hostels here don’t include kitchen facilities, so if you want to save money, make sure you book accommodation that does so you can buy cheap groceries and cook some meals.
  • Stay with a local – If you plan ahead, you can usually find a Couchsurfing host that can provide free accommodation and share their insider tips with you. It’s the best way to save money and meet locals.
  • Enjoy the free spaces – There are plenty of free parks as well as many free hiking trails around the country. Save your budget and enjoy the outdoors!
  • Pack a water bottle – The tap water here isn’t really safe to drink so bring a reusable water bottle with a filter to save money and reduce your reliance on plastic bottles. My preferred bottle is LifeStraw because it has a built-in filter to ensure your water is always clean and safe.

Where to Stay in Armenia

There are very few hostels in Armenia, and the few they have are in Yerevan and Tsaghkadzor. My suggested places to stay are:

  • Envoy Hostel (Yerevan)
  • MGA Hostel and Tours (Yerevan)
  • Kantar Hostel (Yerevan)
  • Hostel Tsaghkadzor (Tsaghkadzor)

How to Get Around Armenia

Sweeping landscape with vineyards, a monastery, and mountain in the background in Armenia

Public transportation – Public transportation isn’t the best in Armenia. The public transport websites aren’t translated into English, so it is much better to ask at your hostels for guidance to help you use the local and intercity buses. In the cities, it is easy to walk from place to place.

Yerevan has five trolley bus routes with a ride costing around 50 AMD. There’s also a subway with one line and ten stations, and public buses. A one-way fare on the bus and subway is around 100 AMD.

If you’re flying into Zvartnots International Airport, you can reach the center of Yerevan by bus or taxi. Aerotaxi is the official airport taxi but be aware drivers often won’t turn on the meter, so you need to negotiate a price, which should be around 3,000 AMD. A bus is around 300 AMD.

Bus – Intercity transport in Armenia is best done by bus and minibus (marshrutka). Intercity buses are relatively inexpensive but navigating the bus stations can be tricky as English isn’t widely spoken. Ask in your hostel the day before for someone to help you work out which bus you need and then you will just have to look for that bus when you arrive at the station.

Bus fares average about 716 AMD per hour of travel, but even a short route can end up taking quite a while with lots of stops.

Trains – There are daily trains connecting Yerevan to Gyumri (3 hours), Yeraskh (1.5 hours), Araks (1 hour), Ararat (1 hour), and Hrazdan (1.5 hours). In the summer months, the Hrazdan line gets extended to Lake Sevan. One-way tickets cost between 3,500-12,500 AMD.

Train tickets to nearby cities outside of Armenia, such as Tbilisi, cost around 9,800-12,000 AMD for a one-way ticket. You can purchase tickets online at the official railway website, .

The trains that run most regularly are slow trains that are Soviet-era relics, meaning they are uncomfortable and lack the usual amenities you might expect from trains. The express trains, however, are modern and air-conditioned. Unfortunately, these cost more and run less frequently.

Flying – There are only two international airports in Armenia so although air travel is possible, it is far from cost-effective. Often you don’t save much time due to layovers. A flight from Gyumri to Yerevan starts at 95,000 AMD. Only fly if you are short on time and flush with cash.

Car Rental – Driving is definitely the most convenient way to get around Armenia. Car rentals can sometimes be as low as 12,000 AMD per day, and the more days you book, the better the price. If you’re driving, make sure to get an International Driving Permit (IDP) in advance as you’ll need one for any vehicle rental.

When to Go to Armenia

The best time to visit Armenia is at the beginning or end of summer (May-June or September-October). During these months, the weather is mild, making it perfect for outdoor explorations. The temperature hovers around 20°C (68°F) but be aware that it can be very rainy throughout May and thunderstorms are common.

Summers are hot, with temperatures soaring as high as 35°C (95°F). Things tend to cool down in the evenings, however, with a gentle mountain breeze providing some welcomed relief after a long, hot day.

If you are visiting for skiing, December is the best winter month for hitting the slopes. Temperatures drop below freezing, and the northern regions receive a lot of snowfall. Cities like Yerevan get a lot quieter during these months as everyone hides from the cold.

You don’t have to worry about inflated prices or crowds even during the summer peak season. Armenia isn’t a very touristy destination, and you often have whole sites all to yourself.

How to Stay Safe in Armenia

Armenia is a very safe country to travel around — even if you’re traveling solo, and even as a solo female traveler. Violent crime here is rare.

There aren’t any specific scams to look out for either, though sometimes taxi drivers will try to overcharge you. You can avoid this by agreeing on a price before entering the taxi (ask your hotel/hostel staff for a price estimate if you’re not sure what to pay).

If you’re worried about getting ripped off you can read about common travel scams to avoid here .

Petty theft and pickpocketing are rare but can occur so always keep your valuables (specifically your wallet and phone) secure and out of reach. This is especially important in crowds or on busy public transportation.

Solo female travelers should feel safe here, though the standard precautions apply (never accept drinks from strangers, don’t leave your drink unattended at the bar, don’t walk around intoxicated at night, etc.).

If you rent a vehicle, don’t leave any valuables in it overnight. Break-ins are rare, but it’s always better to be safe than sorry.

There’s often political turmoil with neighbors so keep an eye out on that and avoid protests or demonstrations while in Armenia. Avoid the Nagorno-Karabakh region on the border with Azerbaijan due to armed conflict.

If you do experience an emergency, dial 112 for assistance.

Always trust your gut instinct. Make copies of your personal documents, including your passport and ID. Forward your itinerary along to loved ones so they’ll know where you are.

The most important piece of advice I can offer is to purchase good travel insurance. Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. It’s comprehensive protection in case anything goes wrong. I never go on a trip without it as I’ve had to use it many times in the past. You can use the widget below to find the policy right for you:

Armenia Travel Guide: The Best Booking Resources

These are my favorite companies to use when I travel. They consistently have the best deals, offer world-class customer service and great value, and overall, are better than their competitors. They are the companies I use the most and are always the starting point in my search for travel deals.

  • Skyscanner – Skyscanner is my favorite flight search engine. They search small websites and budget airlines that larger search sites tend to miss. They are hands down the number one place to start.
  • Hostelworld – This is the best hostel accommodation site out there with the largest inventory, best search interface, and widest availability.
  • – The best all around booking site that constantly provides the cheapest and lowest rates. They have the widest selection of budget accommodation. In all my tests, they’ve always had the cheapest rates out of all the booking websites.
  • HostelPass – This new card gives you up to 20% off hostels throughout Europe. It’s a great way to save money. They’re constantly adding new hostels too. I’ve always wanted something like this and glad it finallt exists.
  • Get Your Guide – Get Your Guide is a huge online marketplace for tours and excursions. They have tons of tour options available in cities all around the world, including everything from cooking classes, walking tours, street art lessons, and more!
  • The Man in Seat 61 – This website is the ultimate guide to train travel anywhere in the world. They have the most comprehensive information on routes, times, prices, and train conditions. If you are planning a long train journey or some epic train trip, consult this site.
  • Rome2Rio – This website allows you to see how to get from point A to point B the best and cheapest way possible. It will give you all the bus, train, plane, or boat routes that can get you there as well as how much they cost.
  • FlixBus – Flixbus has routes between 20 European countries with prices starting as low 5 EUR! Their buses include WiFi, electrical outlets, a free checked bag.
  • SafetyWing – Safety Wing offers convenient and affordable plans tailored to digital nomads and long-term travelers. They have cheap monthly plans, great customer service, and an easy-to-use claims process that makes it perfect for those on the road.
  • LifeStraw – My go-to company for reusable water bottles with built-in filters so you can ensure your drinking water is always clean and safe.
  • Unbound Merino – They make lightweight, durable, easy-to-clean travel clothing.
  • Top Travel Credit Cards – Points are the best way to cut down travel expenses. Here’s my favorite point earning credit cards so you can get free travel!

Armenia Travel Guide: Related Articles

Want more info? Check out all the articles I’ve written on backpacking/traveling Armenia and continue planning your trip:

19 Easy Ways to Save Money in Armenia

19 Easy Ways to Save Money in Armenia

Get my best stuff sent straight to you, pin it on pinterest.

  • Where To Stay
  • Transportation
  • Booking Resources
  • Related Blogs


The Ultimate Armenia Itinerary for 3-10 Days of Travel

Looking for an easy Armenia itinerary that can be done with public transport? This guide pulls together the best things to do in Armenia for first-time visitors, with recommended routes for 3-10 days of travel. Detailed transportation info, travel tips and up-to-date advice included.

The nation of Armenia in the Caucasus region is the perfect alchemy of flawless scenery, captivating cities, magnificent monasteries , and enchanting small towns.

Off the beaten path but still easy enough for travellers to navigate, Armenia easily offers one of the most rewarding travel experiences you can find in Europe these days.

The Armenian countryside, with yellow wildflowers and Mount Ararat in the distance.

Whether you’re looking for an easy add-on to the end of your Georgia itinerary or something more substantial to insert into a broader Caucasus travel itinerary , this Armenia itinerary showcases the best of the country’s north.

Building on my own experiences travelling in Armenia, I’ve included three recommended routes for 3, 7 or 10 days of travel. Each itinerary includes comprehensive and up-to-date transport information, accommodation advice, and ideas for things to do.

If you have any follow up questions about this itinerary or you need some advice about your own trip, feel free to leave me a note in the comments below and I’ll do my best to help out.

Please note: This post contains affiliate links, meaning I may earn a commission if you make a purchase by clicking a link (at no extra cost to you). Learn more.

Planning your Armenia itinerary

To help you plan your Armenia visit I want to start with some itinerary planning basics. If you’re all over the logistics, you can skip straight to the first itinerary using this link .

When is the best time to visit Armenia?

Late spring (April/May) and early fall (September/October) are, in my opinion, the nicest times of year to visit Armenia. I recommend avoiding peak summer season (especially July/August) as the cities get very hot and crowded. Temperatures in Yerevan regularly exceed 35 degrees Celsius in the middle of summer.

I first visited Armenia in spring and still think this is probably the most pleasant season. Outdoor cafes start opening up and you’ll see beautiful flower markets overflowing on every sidewalk in Yerevan. Celebrating Easter in the world’s first Christian nation is a special experience, as is marking Genocide Remembrance Day on April 24.

The itineraries presented here are trans-seasonal and can be done at any time of year.

Do you need a visa for Armenia?

Armenia has a generous visa policy that allows passport holders from 35+ countries (including the US, the European Union and Australia) to visit visa-free for up to 180 days within a year .

If you’re not on the visa-free list, you may be eligible to apply for a visa on arrival (available at both air and land borders) or an e-visa. Some nationalities are required to apply for a visa in advance.

Check if you need a tourist visa to travel to Armenia and apply for an expedited visa if you do via my partners at iVisa .

A woman makes lavash bread in a traditional oven, a must-see on any Armenia itinerary.

How many days do you need in Armenia?

I think 3 days is the absolute minimum amount of time you should spend in Armenia. Broadly speaking, you can see the highlights of northern Armenia in about a week, and with 10 days or more you can get a good overview of the country.

This itinerary focuses on northern Armenia and can therefore be added onto the start or end of your Georgia itinerary quite easily. All of Armenia’s major cities are in the north, as is its biggest lake, the wine region, and a good number of its must-see monasteries.

At the end of this guide I’ve included recommendations for more places to visit in southern Armenia.

Where to start your Armenia itinerary

Armenia has two major transport hubs: Yerevan (flights from Georgia , Europe and the Middle East plus overnight trains from Tbilisi ) and Gyumri (flights from Europe). I recommend starting your travels in the capital, Yerevan.

The itineraries outlined here all start in Yerevan and finish in Gyumri, Armenia’s second-largest city, located in the north-west corner of the country. From here, you have the option to fly out of Gyumri airport, loop back to Yerevan by bus, or continue overland into southern Georgia via Akhaltsikhe .

Note that Armenia’s borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed and overland travel between these countries is not permitted. If you’re coming from Azerbaijan, you will need to cross through Georgia first. I recommend using the night train to get from Baku to Tbilisi .

A bright yellow Soviet-era bus collects passengers on a street in Armenia.

How to get around Armenia

Armenia is compact with relatively good transport connections. This makes getting around quite quick and easy, even if you’re relying on public transport alone.

Armenia has a railway network, but marshrutka vans (fixed route minivans) are the most popular way to get from place to place. Marshrutka vans are affordable and fast, but schedules are flexible as drivers only tend to depart when their van is sufficiently full (rather than sticking to a set timetable). Shared taxis are a good alternative to marshrutky if you’re willing to pay a bit more. Drivers can usually be found at the bus station.

Minivans are centrally administered under Armenia’s National Transport Authority. Note that Yerevan has several bus stations spread around the city so you’ll need to double-check where your van departs. Use the T-Armenia website to check marshrutka (and train) schedules and fares , then cross-check times locally where possible.

Most drivers take their lunch break from 11am-2pm so there are often no vans running during the middle part of the day. Road safety is something you should be wary of in Armenia so I strongly suggest you only travel by road during daylight hours . 

Organised day trips are very affordable in Armenia and are a good way to make the most of your time, especially if you’re basing yourself in Yerevan. I recommend booking day trips through Get Your Guide or Viator . Vendors on both platforms are vetted and more likely to observe good road safety practices.

It’s possible to hire a car in Armenia and self-drive, but be aware that the driving style takes some getting used to and road conditions vary dramatically throughout the country. If you’re thinking of hiring a car, I recommend using Local Rent to search for a local rental. Prices start from $26 per day.

The itineraries described here use marshrutka vans exclusively, with a couple of organised day trips and one taxi transfer.

Armenia travel itinerary options

Here is a brief outline of the three itinerary options included in this guide.

Under each full itinerary you’ll find a day-by-day breakdown including things to do, where to stay, and detailed transportation instructions for getting from place to place.

3 day Armenia itinerary [Click here to jump to the full itinerary.] Days 1-2: Yerevan Day 3: Day trip of your choosing

5-7 day Armenia itinerary [Click here to jump to the full itinerary.] Days 1-2: Yerevan Day 3: Day trip of your choosing Days 4-5: Vanadzor & Debed Canyon Days 6-7: Gyumri

10 day Armenia itinerary [Click here to jump to the full itinerary.] Days 1-2: Yerevan Day 3: Day trip of your choosing Day 4: Day trip to Tatev Monastery Days 5-6: Dilijan & Lake Sevan Days 7-8: Vanadzor & Debed Canyon Days 9-10: Gyumri

Click here to open an interactive map of my Armenia itinerary in a new tab. Each of the three options is included as a separate layer.

3 days in Armenia: Perfect Yerevan itinerary

If you only have a few days to spend in Armenia, I recommend you focus your attention on the capital city, Yerevan . There are plenty of day trips on offer, making it easy to explore the countryside and other towns and cities while using Yerevan as a base.

Nicknamed ‘the Pink City’ for the rose-coloured tuff stone facades of its oldest buildings, Yerevan has all the elegance and charm of any European capital. Because of its location, quite literally at the crossroads of East and West, multiculturalism is baked into the city’s character.

Yerevan is home to Armenia’s most important cultural and historical institutions, including the Genocide Memorial Complex. A city of parks and fountains, Yerevan is brimming with outdoor cafes and wine bars, an amazing array of restaurants that showcase national and international cuisines, colourful markets, and historic churches .

Where to stay in Yerevan

  • Budget hostel: Highland Hostel (⭐ 9.8), a crowd favourite 10 minutes’ walk from Republic Square.
  • Mid-range hotel: Republica Hotel (⭐ 9.2), decorated with traditional carpets and with views of Ararat.
  • Boutique hotel: Villa Delenda (⭐ 8.8), set in a 100-year-old property with heritage furnishings.
  • Luxury hotel: Tufenkian Historic Yerevan Hotel (⭐ 9.1), 19th-century-style hotel with modern suites and an onsite restaurant and carpet museum.

Find more Yerevan accommodations here on

The Yerevan Cascade.

Day 1: Best of Yerevan

Tip: If you’re arriving at Yerevan Airport, take the shuttle bus to the city (300 AMD) or pre-book a private transfer to your hotel online here (from $14 per group). Once you’re in the city, I recommend picking up a local sim card so that you can use Google Maps to navigate and most importantly download an app to book taxis. My preferred mobile provider in Armenia is Team Telecom , and the taxi app I use most frequently is GG Taxi .

Spend your first morning in Armenia getting acquainted with Yerevan’s blossoming specialty coffee culture. Start your day with coffee and a croissant at Lumen Coffee 1936 (open from 8.30am daily), a beautiful old-worldly cafe close to the Cascade. The fit out includes many original furnishings, including ornately painted ceilings and old wooden cabinets.

After fueling up, it’s time for my number one favourite Yerevan must-do, climbing the Cascade Complex . This monumental stone ‘staircase’ is embedded in a hillside at the northern end of town and houses the Cafesjian Centre for the Arts inside. At the bottom of the stairs you’ll find a sculpture garden with works by Medellin -born sculptor Fernando Botero.

Take the exterior stairs or head inside to ride the escalators all the way up. The view from the top of the Cascade is breathtaking – not only can you see all of downtown Yerevan stretched out before you, but you also get a glimpse of snow-crested Mount Ararat , Armenia’s spiritual emblem, looming in the distance.

View of Yerevan city and Mount Ararat from the Cascade Complex.

The Cascade links lower Yerevan with the upper museum district. At the top, you’ll find several of the city’s most important institutions, including the Matenadaran (open from 10am Tues-Sat; 1500 AMD). Officially the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, this building is home to the world’s largest collection of Armenian-language manuscripts.

Admire the monumental building from outside, then take a walk through the halls of the institute to admire the various illuminated pages and beautiful examples of the Armenian alphabet.

If your legs can carry you, continue climbing up to Victory Park and the Mother Armenia monument , exploring the abandoned Aragil Restaurant along the way.

Walk through the heart of Yerevan via the Opera Theatre and Freedom Square to Abovyan Street. Along the way, you’ll pass by several important landmarks – including the Holy Mother of God Kathoghike Church (the oldest in Yerevan) and the Soviet-era Moscow Cinema .

There are a number of excellent eateries in this part of town; I recommend having lunch at Dolmama on Pushkin Street (open from 11am; reservations recommended), a Yerevan institution that specialises in traditional Armenian cuisine. The signature dish here is the dolma , stuffed vine leaves served with yogurt.

Yerevan's oldest church, Kathoghike, at sunset.

After lunch, browse some of the gift boutiques around Dolmama, including Ardean (silk scarves and prints), Dalan (ceramics and knickknacks), and Salt Sack (carpet clippings, artworks and a huge range of authentic souvenirs ). Pop into Art Kvartal , a new creative complex on Pushkin Street with contemporary art galleries and design shops.

Continue on foot a few more blocks to reach Republic Square . This tulip-lined plaza with a magnificent water fountain in the centre and stately stone buildings around the perimeter is the nucleus of Yerevan. In the afternoon you’ll find the square crowded with families and groups of friends bathing in the sun and eating ice cream cones.

Spend the rest of the afternoon browsing the Vernissage (open until 6pm daily), Yerevan’s massive outdoor handicraft and artist’s market. Don’t miss ‘carpet row’ where vendors display their collections of Caucasian rugs.

A vendor sells carpets at the Yerevan Vernissage market.

Sherep Restaurant (open daily; reservations recommended) is a good option for dinner not far from the Vernissage on the opposite side of Republic Square. Finish your first night in Yerevan with a drink at Mirzoyan Library (open daily until midnight), a cool bar/creative hangout located inside a heritage courtyard on Mkrtchyan Street.

Day 2: Alternative Yerevan

Grab breakfast at your accommodation or try out another of Yerevan’s cafes. I love The Green Bean (open from 8.30am daily) for good coffee and light meals.

Find the nearest underground station and exchange a 100 AMD coin for a token, then take a spin on the wonderfully retro Yerevan metro . From Republic Square, it’s just one stop to Zoravar Andranik. Admire the massive Soviet-era apartment blocks around the station before continuing to your first destination for the day, the GUM Market .

The GUM Market (from 11am daily) is one of Yerevan’s main produce hubs. Here, you can see giant sheets of lavash , Armenia’s national bread , being prepared and sold alongside vibrant displays of dried and candied fruits, pickles and fresh produce. Set aside at least an hour to wander the aisles, sampling a few fruit and nut delicacies as you go.

A woman sells brightly coloured pickles at the GUM Market in Yerevan.

After browsing the market, take a taxi to the Tsitsernakaberd Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex , located on a hill on the city’s western side. Walk through the sombre outdoor memorial to the victims before visiting the adjacent Armenian Genocide Museum (Tues-Sun from 11am; free entry but donations welcome).

If you don’t know a lot about the events of April 1915, this museum will leave you reeling. It’s a difficult visit at times but an essential part of your Yerevan itinerary in my mind – especially if you want to better understand the events that have shaped Armenia into the nation it is today. Displays are beautifully curated with lots of information in English. You need up to 2 hours to see and read everything.

Take a taxi back into town for lunch. I recommend either Anoush (from 7am daily; try the apricot beer and the baklava) or Tavern Yerevan (from 9.30am daily; budget friendly Armenian fare), both off Amiryan Street.

From there, it’s a 2-minute walk down Mashtots Avenue to the Blue Mosque (open daily but closed from 1-3pm; free entry). The only functioning mosque in Armenia, this is a beautiful complex of mosaic facades and manicured gardens. It’s an oasis in the city and the perfect place for a post-lunch wander. Don’t miss seeing the facade of the old market opposite the mosque entrance.

Pay a visit to the quirky Sergei Parajanov Museum (from 10.30am daily; 1000 AMD) to learn about one of the 20th century’s most underrated avant-garde filmmakers. Armenia has lots of house museums (small institutions dedicated to famous artists and political figures), and this is my favourite of them all.

The museum is a vibrant hodgepodge of Parajanov’s collages, artworks and personal possessions. It’s a window onto his eclectic personality and career – even if you know nothing about his films, it’s still a very enjoyable visit. The museum is located on Dzoragyugh 1st Street, a 15-minute walk from the mosque.

After the museum, it’s time to get lost in Kond, Yerevan’s oldest neighbourhood . Located on a hill, this area is a maze of winding streets and tumbledown facades. Wander through the Kond Pedestrian Tunnel that runs beneath the streets to find Hrazdan Gorge , an unexpected green space. Here you’ll find several cool Soviet-style sculptures, an amusement park and the Children’s Railway .

A man stands at the window of his house in Yerevan's Kond district.

One of my favourite places for dinner in Yerevan is Twelve Tables (open Mon-Sat), a petite restaurant serving local wines and healthy, fresh meals. The pomegranate salad is divine.

End your evening with an Armenian wine degustation at In Vino (open until midnight daily), Yerevan’s leading wine bar. Formal tastings feature 4-6 local wines paired with Armenian snacks. Reservations are recommended for a tasting – or you can just opt for wine by the glass from the restaurant’s ‘library’ of 25-plus local labels.

Recommended reading for Yerevan: – 30 excellent things to do in Yerevan – Where to go shopping in Yerevan for Armenian souvenirs – Full guide to visiting the GUM Market

Geghard Monastery, a medieval monastery built inside a rocky gorge.

Day 3: Day trip from Yerevan

After two full days in Yerevan it’s time to head out of the city. A good number of Armenia’s most important monasteries and some seriously impressive landscapes can be visited within a day from the capital, so you’re really spoiled for choice when it comes to day trips.

It’s possible to do some day trips independently using public transport, but to get the most out of it, I highly recommend joining a tour. My favourite company in Yerevan for organised day trips is Hyur Service . I’ve used them several times and have always found guides professional and drivers safe. They have guaranteed daily departures (tours vary depending on the day of the week and the season) and there’s no supplementary charge for solo travellers.

I love that the itineraries pair multiple stops so you really get a bang for your buck (prices are very affordable, too). Just be prepared for a long day – and bring some snacks with you.

Here are my top recommendations for a Yerevan day trip.

For culture seekers: Day trip to Geghard & Garni

The 1st-century Garni Temple and medieval UNESCO-listed Geghard Monastery are within a 15-minute drive of each other. This is my top choice for an easy day trip – both landmarks are wonderful to see in person, and it only requires around 2 hours of driving in total.

This full-day itinerary with Hyur Service combines Garni and Geghard with a visit to Lake Sevan and a lavash-baking workshop. I did this trip last time I visited Armenia and I really enjoyed it – the photo of lavash at the top of the post was taken on this tour.

→ Book online via Viator.

For history buffs: Day trip to Echmiadzin & Zvartnots

Echmiadzin (also known as Vagharshapat) is home to the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, one of the oldest cathedrals in the world. On the way from Yerevan, you can stop off at the ruins of Zvartnots Cathedral, the much-photographed ring of columns that frames views of Mount Ararat. Total driving time is around 90 minutes.

→ Book this tour with Hyur Service online via Viator.

Carahunge, a mystical rock formation in Armenia.

For adventurers: Day trip to Tatev Monastery & Noravank

Tatev is one of Armenia’s most spectacular monasteries, not least of all because you sail in by cable car. It’s located in the country’s far-south and can be visited in a day – but be warned that it requires a lot of driving (around 4.5 hours each way). Along the way, you can stop at Noravank Monastery and Carahunge (the ‘Armenian Stonehenge’ ).

I did this day trip with Hyur Service on my first visit to Armenia and loved it. Read more about my experience here .

→ Book the same tour I did online via Viator.

For wine lovers: Day trip to Khor Virap & Areni wine region

Khor Virap monastery is located roughly an hour from Yerevan, very close to the Turkish border. If you want spectacular views of Mount Ararat, this is the place to go. This trip to Khor Virap with Hyur also includes a wine tasting in Areni, Armenia’s up-and-coming wine region .

If your time in Armenia ends here, you could consider an additional day trip to one of the other locations mentioned in the longer itineraries below: Haghpat and Sanahin, Gyumri, or Lake Sevan and Dilijan.

Day trip to Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries

Visiting Haghpat and Sanahin, the two UNESCO-listed monasteries in Armenia’s far-north, requires a lot of driving from Yerevan – 6 hours on the road at a minimum. If you don’t mind being in the car for that long, it’s a real treat to drive through this part of the country. Debed Canyon, where the monasteries are located, is nothing short of incredible.

Ideally you would visit the monasteries as a day trip from Vanadzor instead (see the next itinerary for details) or even from Tbilisi .

→ Book this day trip with Hyur Service online via Viator.

Day trip to Gyumri

Armenia’s second-largest city is a two-hour drive from Yerevan. Gyumri is a fascinating place with plenty to do, which is why I highly recommend spending at least one night there (see the next itinerary for details). If you’re time-poor, a day trip is still an option.

→ Book a private tour to Gyumri with Hyur via Viator.

Day trip to Lake Sevan and Dilijan

Armenia’s largest lake and Sevanavank Monastery are under 90-minutes drive from Yerevan. This tour offered by Hyur visits Dilijan, Armenia’s ‘little Switzerland’, after Lake Sevan.

One week in Armenia itinerary

As you can see, there is plenty to see and do within a few hours’ drive of Yerevan. With one week in Armenia you can experience the best of the capital, fit in a day trip or two, then explore two more regions in the north that are among my favourite places in the country – Gyumri (Armenia’s second city) and Debed Canyon.

You could easily shorten this into a 5-day Armenia itinerary by making a choice between the final two destinations.

Yerevan – [day trip] – Vanadzor & Debed Canyon – Gyumri

Days 1-2: Yerevan

See the previous itinerary for details.

A Soviet-style statue made from grey and pink stone in the city of Vanadzor, Armenia.

Days 4-5: Vanadzor & Debed Canyon

Vanadzor has a population of just over 85,000 people, making it Armenia’s third-largest city. If you enjoy Soviet throwbacks, interesting architecture and the industrial aesthetic , then you should definitely include it on your itinerary.

Vanadzor is better known for being the gateway to Lori Region and Debed Canyon, a splendid slice of Armenia in the far-far north, close to the border with Georgia. This is one of the most awe-inspiring landscapes in the entire country and it’s also where you’ll find several significant monasteries, including Haghpat and Sanahin, Armenia’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site .

I recommend travelling up from Yerevan in the mid-morning then spending a full afternoon in Vanadzor, starting with a home-cooked lunch at Home Restaurant . Go for a walk around the city and see how many Soviet-style sculptures and vintage cars you can spot. Don’t forget to bring your camera.

Stop by the indoor market hall , which features an interesting Soviet-style mosaic/mural on the back wall.

Spend your second day visiting the monasteries and driving through Debed Canyon. Marshrutka vans are available from Vanadzor to Alaverdi but schedules are ad-hoc and it can be difficult to get the timing right. I therefore suggest hiring a driver for the day. Taxis wait outside the bus station in Vanadzor; we paid 12,000 AMD for a full day on the road. Find my detailed guide to visiting the monasteries here .

The front of Sanahin Monastery, an ancient stone monastery in Armenia.

Where to stay in Vanadzor

  • Mid-range hotel: DownTown B&B (⭐ 9.3), spacious and clean apartments with ensuite bathrooms and a small kitchenette.
  • Guesthouse: MagHay B&B (⭐ 9.4), family run guesthouse with outstanding hospitality and homemade meals.
  • Luxury hotel: Tufenkian Avan Dzoraget Hotel (⭐ 9.1), 5-star heritage hotel on the Debed River 30 minutes from Vanadzor.

Find more Vanadzor accommodations here on

How to get to Vanadzor from Yerevan

Direct marshrutka vans to Vanadzor depart from Yerevan’s Kilikia Bus Station approximately every 30 minutes between 8.45am and 6.30pm daily. There does not appear to be a pause in the schedule for lunch hours. The journey time is 2.5 hours and the fare is 1200 AMD .

Old architecture in the historic part o Gyumri.

Days 6-7: Gyumri

Gyumri is Armenia’s second city and a total contrast to Yerevan. In 1988, the Spitak earthquake devastated Gyumri, rewriting the city’s history. The rebuilding process is still underway – both literally (many of the buildings and churches in downtown Gyumri are still awaiting repair), and figuratively.

I adore Gyumri ; I actually prefer it to Yerevan in many respects. The architecture is magnificent (as a contrast to ‘pink’ Yerevan, the buildings here are fashioned from black and gold tuff). There is a wonderful fortress and a Mother Armenia monument nearby, a great local market in town, and a bunch of interesting social enterprises, including a ceramics workshop and a cafe.

A man sells spices at the market in Gyumri, Armenia.

As Gyumri’s recovery continues I only expect it will become a more popular destination. The introduction of budget flights to Gyumri’s airport from Western Europe in 2019 certainly helped push things along.

This itinerary allows for 1.5 days in Gyumri after the bus ride from Vanadzor. I spent almost a full week in the city and never got bored.

Where to stay in Gyumri

  • Budget-friendly guesthouse: Guest House in Gyumri (⭐ 9.8), modern rooms in a family home with outstanding hospitality, home-cooked meals and a beautiful outdoor terrace (my top choice in Gyumri!).
  • Boutique hotel: Villa Kars (⭐ 9.1), gorgeous heritage-style boutique rooms set in a stone building in the centre of the city.
  • Social enterprise hotel: Berlin Art Hotel (⭐ 9.0), tidy rooms, a beautiful garden and friendly service – founded by the German Red Cross.

Find more Gyumri accommodations here on

How to get to Gyumri from Vanadzor

Direct marshrutka vans to Gyumri depart from Vanadzor’s Bus Station at least four times daily between 9.30am and 4.30pm. The journey time is 1.5 hours and the fare is 800 AMD . The morning van tends to fill up (we almost missed out) so if possible, ask your host in Gyumri to call ahead and save you a seat. If you’re staying at Guest House in Gyumri, the owner will happily drive you to the station and ensure you get a seat.

Recommended reading for Gyumri: – My complete Gyumri city guide

10 days in Armenia itinerary

Ten days is the perfect amount of time to get a good overview of Armenia’s north. This itinerary builds on the previous one, with an extra stop at Dilijan and Lake Sevan.

If you’re interested in hiking in Armenia, Dilijan is a must-visit. If you’d prefer to spend more time in the cities, you could easily skip it and add a few extra days in Yerevan/Gyumri instead.

Yerevan – [day trip] – Tatev Monastery – Vanadzor & Debed Canyon – Dilijan & Lake Sevan – Gyumri

Tatev Monastery, a beautiful stone monastery surrounded by a wall in southern Armenia.

Day 4: Day trip to Tatev Monastery

It would be a shame to spend 10 days in Armenia and not see the south, so for this itinerary I suggest setting aside an extra day for a side trip to Tatev Monastery.

As I mentioned earlier, there is a lot of driving required (around 4.5 hours each way) to get to Tatev, but in my experience it’s not too draining provided you choose a tour itinerary with lots of stops along the way. I did this day trip with Hyur Service on my first visit to Armenia and thoroughly enjoyed it.

Hyur Service now offers four different options for Tatev:

  • The highlights: Group Tour to Khor Virap, Noravank, Devil’s Bridge & Tatev Monastery (from $45 per person) – book here on Viator
  • For wine lovers: Group Tour to Hin Areni Winery, Tatev Monastery & Khndzoresk Caves (from $45 per person) – book here on Viator
  • For nature: Group Tour to Shaki Waterfall, Devil’s Bridge, Tatev Monastery & Hin Areni Winery (from $45 per person) – book here on Viator
  • Private tour: Full-Day Trip to Khor Virap, Noravank & Tatev Monastery (from $210 per group) – book here on Viator

Recommended reading: – What to expect on a day trip to Tatev from Yerevan

A concrete bridge stretches over a lake in Dilijan, Armenia.

Days 5-6: Dilijan & Lake Sevan

Dubbed ‘Armenia’s Little Switzerland’, Dilijan is a popular destination for hikers because of its proximity to marked trails in Dilijan National Park , including an 80km section of the Transcaucasian Trail .

Dilijan is not my favourite place in Armenia – personally I found it quite underwhelming. The beautiful stone architecture you see in photos is limited to a small (privately owned) corner of the town. I also found restaurant and accommodation prices here off-the-charts expensive when I visited in summer. (My guess is that because it’s so close to Yerevan, people flock here for fresh air and prices go up significantly in the warmer months.)

I know other people who feel the same, and I also know people who really enjoyed their time in Dilijan. I’ll let you make up your own mind.

Just be aware that if you’re not much of a hiker, you’ll run out of things to do in Dilijan pretty quickly. I spent most of my time at Cafe #2 (daily from 9am) on the lake drinking coffee and eating pancakes! (In all seriousness this is a wonderful social enterprise cafe that you should visit at least once.)

If you are a hiker, the trails to Parz Lich lake and Haghartsin Monastery are supposed to be among the best.

A trail marker in Dilijan National Park for the Transcaucasian hiking Trail.

My favourite part of Dilijan was this spectacular mineral water spring , which I had to stop to photograph every time I walked past. I guess I’m not the only one – I later found a tote bag illustrated with the same spring at the little shop inside Cafe #2. Needless to say it came home with me!

A decorative fountain in Dilijan, Armenia, with a retro blue car parke out front.

From Dilijan, you can easily take a side trip to Lake Sevan , the biggest lake in the Caucasus. It takes around 40 minutes to reach the peninsular where Sevanavank Monastery and the Sevan Writers’ House are located.

It only takes an hour or so to visit the peninsula – there’s not much else to do except visit the monastery, photograph the Writers’ House, and watch the maniacal jet skiers criss-cross the lake. See my Lake Sevan guide for more suggestions.

A Soviet Viewing Platform on the edge of Lake Sevan.

If you’re up for a bit of Soviet adventurising, you can spend a night on the peninsula, staying at the Sevan Writers’ House which nowadays contains a basic but atmospheric hotel . Not only is the hotel a whacky and fun experience, but it’s much more pleasurable to explore the monastery and peninsula in the early morning before the crowds arrive.

Reservations for the Writers’ House can be made here on .

The Sevan Writers' House on Lake Sevan in Armenia.

Where to stay in Dilijan

  • Mid-range hotel: Popock Dilijan 1 (⭐ 8.8), small but comfortable rooms set on the hill above town.
  • Cottage: Old Dili (⭐ 9.3), cute self-contained wooden cabin walking distance from the centre of Dilijan.
  • Luxury hotel: Tufenkian Old Dilijan Complex (⭐ 8.9), stylish rooms and beautiful common spaces set in a series of old stone buildings.

Find more Dilijan accommodations here on

How to get to Dilijan from Yerevan

Direct marshrutka vans to Dilijan depart from Yerevan’s Northern Bus Station every 30-60 minutes between 9am and 4pm daily. The journey time is 1.75 hours and the fare is 1000 AMD .

How to travel between Lake Sevan and Dilijan

Yerevan-bound vans all pass by Lake Sevan so to get to the lake, we simply took a van from Dilijan bus station and jumped off early. Drivers will only drop you on the highway so you need to walk the rest of the way to the lake (around 15 minutes on foot). Tickets must be purchased in advance from the cashier inside the Dilijan bus station. We paid 500 AMD to get to Sevan from Dilijan.

To get back to Dilijan, we simply flagged down a passing van on the main road (opposite to where the first driver let us off). We ended up paying double to get back, but a big storm was rolling in and we were just thankful to find a ride!

Recommended reading: – 10 things to do at Lake Sevan

Days 7-8: Vanadzor & Debed Canyon

How to get to vanadzor from dilijan.

Direct marshrutka vans to Vanadzor depart from Dilijan Bus Station at least six times daily between 8.30am and 5.30pm. The journey time is 45 minutes and the fare is 800 AMD . Note that there are no vans on this route between midday and 4pm.

Remember that paper tickets must be purchased from the cashier inside the Dilijan bus station. If travelling in summer, it’s recommended to buy your tickets at least a couple of hours in advance or the day before.

Days 9-10: Gyumri

Direct marshrutka vans to Vanadzor depart from the bus station in Gyumri three times daily between 9.30am and 4.30pm. The journey time is 1.5 hours and the fare is 800 AMD .

More time? Other places to visit in Armenia

If you have more time in Armenia, I suggest heading south, adding Jermuk – Goris – Khndzoresk to make this into a 2-week Armenia itinerary. Or you could head north into Georgia to continue your travels.

Momik Wine Cube (Areni)

Armenia’s Areni wine region isn’t as developed as Georgia’s Kakheti , but there are some great wineries that have opened to visitors in recent years. I’m itching to visit Momik WineCube in Vayots Dzor.

A number of important archaeological sites – including the Areni-1 Cave where the world’s oldest leather shoe was found – are located in the wine region around Areni.

Jermuk is an old Soviet-era spa town with a similar vibe to Borjomi in Georgia . As well as a stately Water Gallery building and several working sanatoria there are hiking trails and waterfalls nearby.

Direct marshrutka vans to Jermuk depart from Yerevan’s Kilikia Bus Station. At the time of writing, there are only three vans in the afternoon between 1pm and 4pm. The journey time is 4-4.5 hours and the fare is 2000 AMD . From Jermuk, you can find onward transport to Goris and Khndzoresk locally.

Further south, the town of Goris is known for being the gateway to Tatev Monastery . If you plan on visiting the monastery and ropeway independently, this is where you should set out from.

There are hiking trails around Goris that lead you through unique pinnacle rock formation, some with medieval cave dwellings cut from the rock. The town itself – the first in Armenia to be built in a grid pattern – looks quite pretty.

Khndzoresk village is just outside Goris and has a similar landscape of canyons, rocky spires and man-made caves . From the photos I’ve seen, it looks quite spectacular.

Are you planning a trip to Armenia? If there’s anything I might be able to help with please feel free to leave your questions or comments below!

Armenia Travel Guide

Discover insider tips, itinerary inspiration, and all the best things to see, do and experience in Armenia!

Armenia Essentials

My favourite resources and tools for planning a trip to Armenia.

Find affordable flights to Armenia

Yerevan Airport transfer

Save on museums & transport

Hire a car in Armenia

Get an e-visa for Armenia

Find the perfect accommodation

Book city tours & day trips

Order the latest Lonely Planet

More from Armenia

  • The Ultimate Armenia Itinerary
  • Things to do in Yerevan , 25 must-sees and alternative spots
  • Where to find authentic and meaningful Armenian souvenirs in Yerevan
  • Don’t miss the GUM Market , Yerevan’s colourful produce hall
  • Tips for being a responsible tourist in Armenia
  • The best day trip from Yerevan
  • Guide to Gyumri , Armenia’s second city
  • Guide to visiting the UNESCO monasteries, Haghpat and Sanahin
  • How to travel between Armenia and Georgia by overnight train
  • 12 things you should know before travelling to the Caucasus

A blue car parked in front of a water fountain in Dilijan, Armenia.


Hi Emily! Thanks for your beautiful blog! We visited Georgia for 9 full days and I planned most of our trip according to yours itineraries and suggestions. It was our last backpackers trip as I got lucky in Georgia and now we have a nice little addition in the family. Now we are planning 8 days in Armenia during second week of April being the first leisure trip for our 11-month old. We are looking forward to have a more relaxed vacation amidst greenery, mountains and forests, waterfalls and some nice resorts or hotels. Kindly suggest, appreciate your thoughts.

How wonderful, Java! Big congratulations. Some version of this itinerary could work well, or you might head south to Jermuk, I hear it is quite beautiful and relaxing. This website is a terrific resource for Armenia travel planning:

Safe travels and I hope the three of you have a wonderful trip!

Dear Emily, wanted to take the opportunity and say thank you for all the great information you have incorporated into your blog. It was super helpful for us when planning our time in Armenia and Georgia. Just coming back from Armenia, I wanted to share two additional highlights. One is the swinging bridge in KHNDZORESK as well as the old romantic monastery at the bottom of the canyon (where the bridge goes over). Another thing is the abandond Radio-Optical Telescope in Orgov. Blew us completely away. Seems to become quite popular, just the guy at the entrance one need to deal with :). Thanks again for all your valuable tips, often the locals have even confirmed your tips! All the best for you

Thanks so much for the tips Konstanze! Sounds amazing. I really have to explore more of Armenia. Glad you enjoyed your trip!

Hi Emily! first of all, thanks for your beautiful blog! We are just back from Georgia and I planned most of our trip according to yours itineraries and suggestions. Now we are planning 10 days in Armenia at the very end of October/first week of November. In Georgia we have rented a car and we had nearly no problems (ok, they are crazy drivers but we are from Italy and probably we are a bit used to anarchy!). What about roads in Armenia? Normally we love taking trains and marshrutkas, but there are so many things I would like to see and we are really tempted about this option… I think it would save us so much time, but on the other side we would miss so much of the local life experience… Any personal experience? Loretta

Hello Loretta, so happy to hear that! And awesome to hear that you’ll be back in the region again so soon! I think you will find driving in Armenia fairly similar. If anything the driving style is a bit less aggressive in my experience. Most of the major roads are in good condition, we only came across a few potholed areas on our latest expedition. I say go for it!

Thank you so much for such details info about your trip. I am planning to visit Armenia in mid- March for a few days. Would love your advice if it is a good time to go. Thank you.

Hi Allie, I think we spoke on Instagram. March is still a little chilly but it’s a nice quiet time to travel. Hope you have a wonderful trip!

Hi, I enjoyed reading your posts from Georgia and now here to Armenia. I am curious to know if you did tour around the country on wintertime version. While it might be better to visit the country in Summer to witness the real beauty of it, we set it to celebrate New Year’s (supposedly Christmas as well) holiday by going out of the country and we decided to go in Armenia this time. I want to know if you have any insights that we might possibly make it a memorable one in wintertime? We will be staying for 10 days and our first 3 days, we planned to stay in Tsaghkhadzor to enjoy the snow probably take easy activities that my parents can take part at the same time have fun. The remaining days will be staying in the city and do some tours in some other days.

Hi! I did visit Northern Armenia last year in February – Debed Canyon was very beautiful in the snow. If you get a chance, I would recommend going there too. Yerevan is an all-year city and I’m sure it will be great fun in winter. Enjoy!

Hi. Thank you so much! We will include it on our trip. We are finally here in Armenia and in the hotel in Tsagkhadzor. It’s quite a crazy cold but feels nice. it’s our last day tomorrow but experiencing taking a few days here is great! But we will plan a trip to Debed Canyon when we get to Yerevan. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year~

Wonderful to hear! Have an amazing time! Enjoy, and stay warm! Happy holidays.

Hi, I’m planning to stay around 10 days in Armenia, but I’m arriving to and then flying back home from Yerevan. Do you think it makes sense (logistics-wise) to stay in Yerevan the whole trip or is it worth it to spend a night (or few) in some other towns/villages? I saw that most of the sights in Armenia seem to be easily reachable from the capital (maybe except from the south?). I will rely mostly on public transport and would like to visit the main touristic destinations in the country.

Hi M – I think that’s very possible. As you say, most places are within a few hours’ drive of Yerevan so you can visit most major tourist destinations as part of a day trip. I did a day trip to Tatev Monastery in the south and it was great, but a very long drive. If you wanted to spend a night or two outside of Yerevan I would recommend staying there!

Thank you Emily!

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Travel to Armenia – Tips and Information Guide (2024)

Thijs Broekkamp

  • Last Updated: February 5, 2024

From enjoying the world’s longest cable car ride through the mesmerising landscapes of Vorotan canyon to admiring some of the oldest monasteries on record, these are just some of the reasons you should travel to Armenia .

Travel To Armenia

When you travel in Armenia you will often wonder, how come more people aren’t placing Armenia higher on their bucket list?

Not a lot of nations can boast to have preserved their rich cultural heritage dating far back as the ancient times. The perfect examples being the town Yerevan, that is 28 years older then Rome or, their 6,000 year old wine making tradition!

This small country will draw you in with it’s capturing landscapes, ancient monuments and unparalleled hospitality. If you’re up for discovering one of Europe’s best kept secrets travel to Armenia!

Table of Contents

Things To Do In Yerevan

Accommodation in yerevan, restaurants in yerevan, nightlife in yerevan, things to do in tatev, accommodation in tatev, restaurants in tatev, accommodation in garni, accommodation in dilijan, an introduction on travel to armenia.

Armenia is not a country that often rings a bell with tourists, which is actually surprising given that it is such an interesting country with an incredibly old, rich and eventful history, fascinating culture and beautiful nature.

The hospitable inhabitants, delicious food and cheap prices, together with a lack of (western) tourists make it a wonderful destination.

The history of Armenia has been nothing short of eventful. It has seen countless invasion as its strategic position was the reason for constant fights over this territory, especially during the Ottoman-Persian wars (from the 16 th century).

Over the course of history numerous major conflicts afflicted the country. Already centuries ago Armenia was battling the Roman Empire (62), invading the Byzantine empire (1145) and losing west Armenia to Turkey while the rest of the country was being Sovietized (1920) to name a few.

Armenia has also been the subject of many mythical stories, like the stranding of the ark of Noach on Mt Ararat, the holy mountain of Armenia, or the conversion to Christianity.

Nowadays the country is mostly known for the horrors of the Armenian genocide and as the first country in the world that adopted Christianity as its state religion.

More presently, the current poor relations with Turkey stem from their role in the genocide and there is a still unresolved conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a disputed territory operating as a de facto state that is an unrecognized ethnic Armenian enclave within Azerbaijan.

So over the centuries much has happened in Armenia, which is why it is so interesting in a cultural sense. Not only for culture buffs though, as the small country packs a great variety in magnificent landscapes that will surely satisfy nature lovers.

Selling Honey Travel To Armenia

General Advice For Travelling In Armenia

If you’re thinking about travelling to Armenia, here are the general things you need to know before you go.

Outside of the capital you can easily assume that nobody speaks English. The language that is spoken is Armenian with its own alphabet.

You can get by fairly well with Russian though as it is the most common foreign language in the country and many Armenians understand it. Road signs are usually in English and in Armenian.

Try to learn a few words like hello (barev) and thank you (mersi), which is much appreciated by the locals. Most accommodation and tour providers speak just enough English to be able to sort things out (if not, try some self-invented sign language which usually works. Or not).

Armenians are very friendly and will try their hardest to help you out, even when they don’t speak a word of English. It’s not uncommon to attract a group of about 10 Armenians when asking for directions, everyone weighing in with one or two words in English and their take on the directions you should have.

Armenia has an interesting, varied and delicious cuisine, with some dishes being well known even beyond Armenia like Shashlick and Dolma.

A lot of the dishes are meat based and they throw everything on grills and barbecue, including vegetables. Soon you’ll notice that the delicious barbecue smell is present basically everywhere you go.

You will eat a lot of Lavish, thin flatbread that is made in a traditional ‘tonir’ oven and is complimentary with almost every dish but doesn’t bore easily.

Common ingredients in Armenian dishes are lamb, eggplant, yoghurt, cottage cheese, grape leaves and many fragrant spices.

There are too many dishes to list and specify if they are delicious or not. I recommended to just try out a lot of different dishes and ask the person who is selling the food what they like.

Armenians appreciate tourists taking an interest in their culture, including food, and asking questions about it usually gets you an excited Armenian and something tasty to eat.

In that way you get to try some new things and there aren’t any exceptionally weird dishes anyway so it is rather safe to do.

Food Travel To Armenia

Most of the local beer is nothing special, except in Yerevan where there is a very new craft brewery called Dargett. They make absolutely delicious craft beer and the place is packed with young locals on the weekend.

But in terms of drinks the real speciality lies in wine and cognac. Armenian cognac is world famous, thus the Yerevan Brandy Company is proudly presented as a major attraction of the city with tasting tours and a museum (Ararat Museum).

Armenia and Georgia are one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world, with grape cultivation going back to ancient times. Well recognised within the wine world and producing some of the best quality wines there are, make sure to try out a few.

There are a lot of vineyards and factories throughout the country, the most famous one that is open to visitors is the Areni factory. I wouldn’t say it is really worth a visit unless you are passing by anyways, you can take a tour and taste some wines here.

Tap water is generally safe to drink, but as you’re in a different country there can always be different bacteria’s than that you are used to that upset your stomach.

In mountain areas (like Tatev) there are often many tap fountains in streets etc. providing delicious water from the mountains.

The currency is the Armenian Dram. It is very well possible to have a low budget holiday, whilst it is also tempting to splurge on food and stuff because it is all quite cheap.

For accommodation we paid on average 15 dollars per person a day which gets you rather nice accommodation. Food is inexpensive as well, in restaurants we paid around 6-8 dollar for a meal plus drinks.

Gas is around 0.86 dollar per litre.

Lovers Park Yerevan Travel To Armenia

Travelling in Armenia is completely safe. Never once did we feel unsafe somewhere. The only area prone to unrest is the Nagorno Karabakh border due to the before mentioned conflict.

The border between Azerbaijan and Armenia is closed and it is best to avoid the border area all together. Other than that the border with Turkey is closed (due to conflicts between the two countries) so you can’t cross it anyway.

Use your common sense and general precautions for petty crime etc. like you would anywhere.

Buses and share taxis (marshrutkas) get you to most of the major places for cheap but I always prefer to have my own car.

The landscape is just really nice to drive through with enough interesting stops along the way that you’ll want to decide yourselves when you get out.

We rented our car with Sixt and picked it up in Yerevan and dropped off in Tblisi, Georgia (other way around is not possible due to regulations).

If you rent with international companies like Sixt, Hertz e.g. the cheapest car would be around 40 dollar a day. Often you can get cheaper deals with local companies.

Make sure you get the full insurance as the roads can be in quite a bad shape. Unless you really want to go far up in the mountains there isn’t necessarily the need for a 4WD in Armenia as you can get to most places, albeit a bit bumpy sometimes.

Transport Travel To Armenia

The Best Places To Visit In Armenia

Now that you know the basics of the country, it’s time to check out the best places to visit in Armenia.

The capital is a great place to start you trip and spend a day or 2. Contradictory to what you might expect from a Soviet era city, it is quite metropolitan.

It has a lively nightlife scene with clubs, hip restaurants and European style bars. Mixed with the many remains of older days, like the typical pink colored soviet buildings and monuments or the 17 th century neighborhood Kond,

Yerevan has its very own appearance. You won’t find any grand landmarks here, rather it is just a nice place to absorb the atmosphere and familiarize yourself a bit with the country you are in.

Travel To Armenia

The Armenian genocide museum is well worth the visit if you want to learn and understand a bit more about Armenians, their history and relations with neighboring countries like Turkey.

There are a few other museums, like the History museum of Armenia and the National Gallery that are interesting as well.

Yerevan is incredibly old, 2800 years to be exact, which is 28 years older than Rome. Thus, it is drenched in interesting history.

A good way to learn more about this is one of the mentioned museum or a (free) walking tour.

A prominent feature of the city centre are the cascade stairs. It is a large stairwell that leads to the grim Soviet monument (not one for extravagant decorating those soviets) erected for celebrating 50 years of Soviet Armenia.

It provides great views over the city and to the massive statue mother of Armenia, supposedly placed defiantly in the direction of Turkey.

Underneath the stairwell is a contemporary art museum which you can enter for free and that you’ll pass through if you decide to take the escalator instead of the stairs to the monument.

You can wander around in the 17 th century neighborhood ‘Kond’, that really feels like a separate part of the city where incredibly old and derelict houses sit on the narrow streets and alleys.

Lover’s park is a small park that is excellent for a bit of relaxing and watching the locals going about their day, grabbing coffee or playing chess and other board games, a favourite pastime activity of many.

Kond Yerevan Travel To Armenia

There are enough hostels and guesthouses in the city. The Envoy Hostel is a highly recommended hostel and is small but good, the staff is helpful and the location is perfect. Homestays like Anahit Stepayan ’s are quite popular as well if you’d choose for a more local experience.

The restaurant called ‘ The Club ’ is my favourite place. It is a bit hidden in a basement underneath a clothing store. The atmosphere, absolutely delicious (and cheap) food and the fact that there was not another tourist to be seen make it a great place.

In the evening the city comes a bit more alive around the square, where there are many (trendy) bars and restaurants and well-dressed locals making their way for an evening of dining and drinking, a seemingly favourite activity of Armenians.

There are plenty of Western style bars, like an Irish, Beatles and 90’s bars. Most of the bars have a very unobtrusive entrance and are in the basement of the residency buildings.

Around the big square there a few more, but rather tacky looking, bars. I can absolutely recommend the Calumet Bar .

A small, warm bar filled with very lively locals. We spent two nights in a row there and had a great time.

On one occasion we met a group of guys who looked equally bewildered, out of place and fascinated as us. They turned out to be pretty much the only western people we’ve seen on our trip and together we enjoyed looking at the Armenians getting their groove on that night.

The bar goers were very friendly and interested in our country like we were in theirs. The level of English is notably better with young people in the capital.

Like mentioned before, if you like craft beer head over to Dargett to taste some great homemade craft beer and have a meal. It is quite western but rather popular with (young) locals.

Yerevan Travel To Armenia

Tatev has become known mostly for the longest cable cart in the world, the wings of Tatev, that lead to the Tatev monastery.

Most people arrive in Tatev by cable cart, have a look at the monastery and return. However, there is plenty to see and the drive alone through the Vorotan canyon is worth it.

If you leave from Yerevan it is a 4 to 5 hour drive, that takes you through an incredible varied landscape, starting with arid, desert like surroundings when you leave the capital.

It’s not too long before some thin pasture appears and many fruit and vegetable stalls alongside the road.

After a while the road climbs up into the mountains, 2 hours or so later you’ll cross a mountain pass and suddenly the landscape has changed to green hills and endless fields with blooming wildflowers, while the air is substantially colder due to the elevation.

The vendors have changed as well, now there are people selling honey on the side of the road. The road eventually leads to a junction where the main road continues to Goris (another destination worth checking out) and the secondary road to Tatev.

This road goes through a few old and derelict villages. Some of them look like a war has struck with streets full of rumble and scrap metal. Rusty old decaying cars, trucks and tractors are parked everywhere.

A man is sweeping up big pick piles of rocks, with a broom (probably still working on that I assume). The side streets are unpaved, rocky and full of holes. People stared at us unabashed, I don’t think they have seen many western tourists passing through here.

Granted, our shiny red Nissan Micra didn’t do a good job in hiding the fact that we were tourists either, as old Lada’s really are the only cars locals drive.

After passing through those villages, a zigzag road takes you along the edge of the canyon, providing magnificent views from several nice viewpoints, like the medieval bell chapel.

The road winds all the way down to the canyon to cross the river, only to go right back up the mountains again on a gravel road to reach the village of Tatev.

It is a very small village and pretty quiet, with most tourists concentrating in the area around the cable cart and the monastery.

Travel To Armenia

There are a number of short and longer hikes in the area. We hiked to Mount Petroskhach, which takes you through the old part of the village up into the hills, providing magnificent views across a large part of the steep canyon, which seems to have an almost straight drop from the plateau.

The trail is sometimes a bit difficult to follow as there are a number of trails leaving from the area. We asked a few locals for directions, ignored their advice anyway and went the wrong way (obviously).

Down in the canyon where you crossed the river by car, there is a small parking spot. From here you can follow the footpath alongside the river which takes you through bushy, shrubs and across the river.

In summer the area around the river is teeming with life, lots of butterflies, dragonflies, other insects, fish, birds and many flowers. Be aware that there are snakes as well, take caution when walking into thick grass.

The path leads to the Tatevi Anapat monastery, a complex dating from the 17 th century, which was abandoned by the monks due to an earthquake in 1658 resulting in the ruins that you see here today.

It has this amazing Indiana Jones feeling to it, as an ancient complex slowly taken back by nature, barely visible from the road. Upon entering the main building, which is still quite intact, a soft voice filled the room.

Near the altar there was a monk praying, dressed in his long black robe. Apparently he is still living here all by himself.

The path continues along the river, we didn’t take it due to lack of time but it looks very promising. Following your way back to the parking lot there are a number of viewing platforms over the river.

They call this area Devil’s bridge (Satani Kamurj), named like that because the formation of it seemed improbable, therefore it must be the Devil’s work.

From the viewing platforms you can’t really see that much of it, however you can get down in the river and explore the incredible caves alongside it.

Down in the river it really looks like a scene coming straight out of a fairy tale.

Moss and plants gracefully decorate the walls, while stalactites in all kind of shapes and colours hang from the cave ceilings and form weird terraces around pools, the water containing (supposedly) healing minerals. It gives the impression that you’re walking in a movie set or a themepark attraction.

From down in the river you can also see the Devil’s bridge much better. To get down there you follow the footpath from the viewing platforms all the way to the end, where there is a small hanging rope to get you down onto a wobbly ladder and finally in the river. This rope is a bit hidden between the bushes.

Be aware that it is all a little bit treacherous and one could easily fall and slip and you also have to wade through the river.

At some points the river flows quite fast, we decided to plunge in and let the river takes us somewhere, which landed us at another amazing spot.

Getting back upstream proved a bit more difficult, but also guarantees some hilarious videos of your travelmates struggling to return while the river keeps pushing you back.

It is not a very big or deep river so nothing too dangerous. It is absolutely worth it to get down in the river, this really made us feel like true explorers.

Back in Tatev the monastery is well worth a visit of course. If you continue down the road for a bit there is a nice viewpoint that looks out over the monastery and canyon. The monastery is perched beautifully on a rock overlooking the whole canyon.

We stayed for 2 days but it is an area that begs to be explored. The beautiful canyon has walking paths following the river that you just want to follow and see where it ends up or take one of the small unpaved roads and just see where it goes.

At this point we turned back in the direction of Yerevan, if you continue the road it will take you to even higher mountains and eventually to the border crossing with Iran.

Travel To Armenia

I highly recommend Saro’s Bed and Breakfast .  We were welcomed by Saro’s sister Maro, who is very friendly and hospitable and made sure we were provided with everything we needed, like homemade lemonade, cakes, coffee and she even brought us some lunch to take on a hike at no charge.

Most of the dinner is prepared on the big barbecue and delicious as well. Dolma, rabbit stew and a bottle of homemade red wine make for a great meal.

Maro’s dad also takes guests on a little excursion into the mountain in his old jeep. There are a number of options for guesthouses and bed and breakfasts in Tatev though.

On the drive from Yerevan you’ll pass the Areni Wine Factory. There are also people selling wine everywhere at the side of the road in plastic cola bottles, apparently for Irani truck drivers (as they are not allowed to drink alcohol in Iran thus have to hide it).

There are no supermarkets in Tatev. Stock up on some items and make sure your accommodation can provide all your required meals. There is however a small information centre with a small café. They can also provide with you with hiking routes, maps etc. Saro’s bed and breakfast is also a restaurant for non-guests.

Village Tatev Travel To Armenia

Garni is a town close to Yerevan and for a rather big settlement the road leading to it from the capital is quite strange (or we took a wrong route).

Leaving Yerevan the road suddenly consists of more dirt and holes than actual tarmac. The landscape is incredibly dry for a bit, although it still is a habitat for quite some birds.

Garni itself is a small town with the major attractions being the Garni temple, the only pagan temple in Armenia, the Geghard monastery and the beautiful Garni gorge with the adjacent Khosov nature reserve.

You can enter the Garni gorge from both side of town by car or on foot. Inside the Garni gorge you’ll find this incredible miracle of nature called the Symphony of Stones, a rather fitting name for stone walls that are carved out in perfect cube like pillars.

You can drive the dirt road all the way to the other entrance but after a while we were afraid our Nissan Micra couldn’t take it anymore with all the massive bumps and holes in the road.

There are many hiking trails in the Khosov nature reserve. If you come from Garni the entrance is quite unclear. I drove to the entrance on google maps, a dirt road climbing up the hill.

Eventually a guarded gate signed the entrance and that you could not go further with car, however there was no real parking place either. Thus from Garni it is best to walk to the entrance or enter from the other side.

The Geghard monastery is amazing, but very touristic. Like tour buses touristic, so be there early to avoid crowds and marvel at this dark coloured, ancient complex without too many tourists.

The Garni temple is beautifully perched on top of the ridge overlooking the gorge, best to visit it at the end of the day for nice lighting.

The nearby restaurant is excellent, and also has one of the best terraces I have ever seen, overlooking the gorge and the temple.

Travel To Armenia

We had rented a whole house (called ‘ Dinadav House ’) for ourselves for around 50 dollar in total. There are a number of options on and It is quite nice to stay in a residents house back in a neighbourhood to get a more local feeling.

Moving up north, Dilijan presents a completely different landscape again. Also commonly referred to as the Switzerland of Armenia, this is a small town in between lush green forests and hills.

There is not much to do other than hike the beautiful surroundings and visit some monasteries like Haghartsin, which can keep you busy for a few days though.

A bit further there is also a zipline but we stuck with the hiking. We hiked near the Haghartsin monastery, which can be reached by a road with twists and turns that begs to be driven with an old school convertible and a hot girl next to you, unfortunately we had to do it with a Nissan Micra and two dudes.

The forests are just like how I expect a real forest to be: lush, plenty of variation in the vegetation and full of blooming flowers.

It is a forest where you just expect to see a bear, or some creature from a fairytale pop up from behind a tree any minute.

Dilijan Travel To Armenia

We stayed in the Belvedere Eco Rest Zone , located 10 minutes out of town, and beautifully situated near the river. The food is nice, staff is friendly and the rooms are perfectly fine and very cheap. There are a few hotel/hostel options in town as well.

Monasteries In Dilijan

Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion. The story goes that after a Christian (Gregory the Illuminator) cured the Armenian king of a grave illness, he agreed to convert to Christianity, which happened in 301 AD.

Around 95% of the population nowadays is Christian, while Armenia is surrounded by Muslim countries except for Georgia.

As the country had such a major role in establishing Christianity, you will encounter a lot of monasteries and other religious sites.

All these incredibly old buildings and associated tales and myths instil a mysterious and ancient atmosphere to many of the sites that we visited.

You’ll notice one common denominator among the monasteries and that is they sure knew how to pick spectacular locations to build them, usually perched on some cliff surrounded by a dramatic landscape. A few noteworthy monasteries that I visited are listed below:

This 13 th century monastery is located on the way from Yerevan to Tatev, close to Areni, which is a nice little detour. It is beautifully situated in a landscape that most closely resembles the Grand Canyon; hot, dry, and with red dirt mountains.

The complex has a few different churches and chapels and it was the residency of Syunik’s bishops in the 13 th century. It is however, very busy with tourists.

A 9 th century monastery in Tatev (obviously). It is located on the edge of a plateau overlooking the gorge set in a spectacular landscape.

You can go inside the complex, but if you follow the road for a little bit there is a great viewpoint of the monastery. If you venture a bit through the bushes you can see a waterfall coming down as well.

The monastery played an important role as an spiritual centre and medieval university in Armenia.

Founded in the 4 th century in Garni, this dark coloured monastery complex is surrounded by cliffs and located next to a gorge.

The inside, and especially the cave chambers, feels so old (well they are, 4 th century!) and it has a bit of mysterious vibe to it, like you are stepping back in time.

The vendors and tour buses at the entrance detract the atmosphere a bit, but it is definitely worthwhile.

Geghard Monastery Travel To Armenia

We did not visit one of the most famous monasteries, as there were thick clouds that day and it is famous for having the snow-capped peak of Ararat in the background.

We were also out of time and guessed it would be another busy monastery as well, as this is one of the most popular landmarks in Armenia.

Gregory the Illuminator was 13 years imprisoned here by the king before he cured him of an illness after which the king and country converted to Christianity.

The construction of a chapel already began in 642, the current church was however finished in the 17 th century. It is located a few kilometres of the main highway around Yerevan.

A 13 th century monastery in Dilijan beautifully located in the lush green forests. It is small and not completely intact anymore but worth a visit. It is quite nice and the main building (church) is still intact.

Also the starting point from a number of trails in the forests so perfect for combining those activities.

There are many more monasteries, churches and other religious site of interest. Many can be done in a day tour from Yerevan (hostels organise these).

Note:  When I say busy with tourists, these are almost exclusively domestic Armenian and Georgian tourists. No tour buses with Asians or Europeans here. Best to get there early to avoid crowds. There are no entrance fees to the monasteries. The more popular ones will charge you a very small fee for parking.

These places will take you around the country, which we did in 8 days. It is not very big but there is plenty to see, I’d recommend to take at least 8 days to explore Armenia.

It is still a rather underrated destination, apparent by the low number of tourists that visit the country. It should however receive much more attention, as I have never been to a country before that made me feel like a true explorer without the discomfort of one.

The history is endlessly interesting and the landscapes fascinating. I’d say the country is the perfect introduction to one of the most interesting corners of the world, standing at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

[box] That’s it for my travel to Armenia guide. Leave a comment below if this has helped you, or if you have something to add.[/box]

Thijs Broekkamp

Thijs Broekkamp

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Surviving the world’s most dangerous hike – mt huashan, 10 best things to do in ao nang, thailand [2024], related posts, 30 best things to do in cape town, south africa (2024 guide), 13 thoughts on “travel to armenia – tips and information guide (2024)”.

I highly recommend a visit to Yerevan. The city is filled with beautiful architecture and rich history, and the people are incredibly friendly and welcoming. I had a wonderful time exploring the city’s vibrant culture through its delicious food, unique museums, and lively nightlife

Hi, thank you for your great article! We’ll be going to Armenia tomorrow and I was wondering about the car rental. Where did you rent the car and do you think it is possible to do a similar trip with local buses? Thanks for your help 🙂

Hi Lauriane, sorry for the late reply. We hope you had a great time in Armenia. Happy travels

My daughter and I are going on our first trip to Armenia in the summer of 2020. I read your blog and look forward to my trip! Thank you, now I know more about Armenia! Great photos!

Hi Tori, I hope your trip is still on. Have a wonderful time. Happy travels

Hey, Thank you for this beautiful article. We are planning a trip a to Armenia and wanted to know if we rent a car can we do, Garni, Geghard, Dilijan and Lake Sevan on the way in an entire day if we leave early morning? We do not want to stay anywhere as we will be based in Yerevan. A Nissan Micra would be enough for this journey? We are traveling in October. Do google maps work here accurately? Thank you so much for your help!

Hi, thank you so much. About all the destinations with a car rental, we are not too sure sorry. Maybe contact the car rental company. They may be able to help. All the best. Happy travels

Thanks a lot for telling about your adventurous trip. Leaving for Armenia in a few days, liked your writing, hope to love this country ss you did.

Glad the article helped. All the best with your trip.

Thanks. I’m in Georgia now, then Turkey.Bulgaria, Romania . I’m going to Armenia end Sept.. Looking forward to it especially after reading your intensive tipsxx

Have a great trip. 🙂

According to you Armenia looking awesome to see.

It is a great place. We can not wait to go back and explore more.

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Best of Armenia , Practical Information

35 very useful things to know before you visit armenia.

You’ve probably stumbled upon this guide because you’re planning to visit Armenia . This post will detail everything we think you need to know before you travel to Armenia – from information about the language to secrets from locals.

Below are some of the top tours, hotels, and more!

Top Experiences and Tours In Armenia:

  • Day trip to Khor Virap, Areni Winery and Noravank Monastery (from $34)
  • Armenia: Private Tour to Khor Virap Monastery (from $37)
  • Khor Virap, Echmiadzin, and Zvartnots Cathedral from Yerevan (from $62)
  • Private Tour: Lake Sevan, Dilijan, Goshavank and Haghartsin (from $90)
  • From Yerevan: 4.5-Hour Garni-Geghard Tour (from $39)

Top Hotels in Yerevan:

  • The Alexander (a luxury in Yerevan)
  • Daniel’s Boutique Hotel (mid-range in Yerevan
  • 14th Floor (mid-range in Yerevan)
  • Grand Hostel (budget in Yerevan)

Looking for the best way to get around Armenia? Click here to check rental car rates for Armenia!

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Visit Armenia: Tips & Information

Armenia. You may have heard of it, or you might have not, but somewhere high in the Caucasus mountains is where this wonderful country is located. With magical nature, ancient history, and heritage that is not yet fully discovered, it is a country with so much to offer.

So what is Armenia? A little country that you might associate with the Kardashians or System of Down, but trust us, Armenia is the new, hot destination to travel to and it’s known for a lot more than just that.

As an Armenian, it’s easy to write about my own country, and that’s why my friend Megan has joined me to create this website about Armenia where we can deliver honest and informative articles about my homeland.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

For me, I was able to see Armenia from a different angle because I was analyzing it from my friend’s point of view and learning what makes it such a great and unique place for travelers.

Based on our travels in Armenia and the fact that I’m a local, we often ask ourselves why it’s not crowded with tourists from around the world?

Armenia has all the necessary features for the perfect travel destination; fantastic nature and landscapes, delicious and fresh food, super hospitable people, and it’s really affordable and cheap to travel in for non-locals.

In addition to all this, starting in 2020, airlines are offering cheap and budget flights from Europe to Yerevan and Gyumri, which makes this hidden gem much more accessible to travelers and history lovers.

We have seen, and are still discovering, amazing and breathtaking sights in this little country of colors and contrasts. This guide will prepare you to visit a truly amazing destination and tell you everything you need to do and know before you visit Armenia.

What to Know Before You Travel to Armenia

We try to hit all points of what we deem useful information for this post.  If there is something missing that you’d like to know, specific destination information, please shoot us a message or leave a comment so we can answer!

1. Where is Armenia?

It might be a bit challenging to find Armenia on the map, and you might have never heard of it, but it is located in the southern Caucasus region; Georgia borders it to the north, Iran to the south, Turkey to the west and Azerbaijan to the east.

Armenia is a landlocked country and it’s important to know that it’s not possible to get to Armenia overland from Turkey or Azerbaijan because of political issues.

2. Armenian Nature

Armenia has a surprisingly diverse nature for being such a small country… from mesmerizing green canyons and gorges to dry and colorful mountains to semi-desert landscapes.

The biggest lake in the Caucasus is also found in Armenia. Lake Sevan , which is considered to be the blue pearl of the country. It is surrounded by breathtaking mountains, little islands, and gorgeous villages.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

There are several national parks and reserves all over the country such as Dilijan National Park or the Khosrov Reserve , a place considered to be one of the oldest protected areas in history. Approximately seventeen centuries ago, the reserve was founded and its ecosystem is absolutely amazing.

Despite its small size, Armenia is one of the most mountainous countries in the world as mountains make up almost 90% of the country.

3. Seasons in Armenia

Each season has a different beauty in the Caucasian country. You can hike in the colorful autumn mountains, ski and snowboard in Tsaghkadzor spa town in the winter, or chill out in green Dilijan guesthouses in the summer.

Spring is also special in Armenia because of the vibrant colors and blooming flowers saturating the country.

4. Armenian Culture and History

Armenia is one of those rare countries that still exists despite having more than 6000 years of history. Many civilizations have disappeared over the decades, but as a surprise to many, Armenia has managed to conserve its cultural heritage with traditions that still exist today.

There is a lot of archeological evidence that shows existing civilizations in the Bronze Age in the modern theory of Armenia dating back to 4000 BC.

It’s possible to see heritage from the different stages of Armenian history, like the Pagan Temple of Garni or the Christian churches in Etchmiadzin that were one of the first in history as Armenia was the first country that adopted Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Armenians were always famous for creating art from stone because of its abundance in the country. This is evident from the Pagan frescas and Christian cross-stones (khachkars) alongside the mesmerizing churches and temples around the country, and the ruins of the castles and caves that have their hidden secrets.

The strongest and most famous king in Armenian history was King of the Kings Tigranes the Great (95–55 BC), under which the Armenian kingdom became one of the strongest kingdoms of that time. During that period, the Armenian empire spread from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.

When is the Best Time to Visit Armenia?

Armenian has pretty much all types of weather- from hot summers to dry, cold winters with significant amounts of snow in almost all regions of the country.

The hottest time in Armenia is from June to September when the temperature can fluctuate between 37- 40 Celsius, but the evenings promise a cool breeze coming from the mountains. Temperatures also depend on where you are in the country; it’s not as hot in the north compared to the south during the summer.

Winters in Armenia are dry and cold, and during this time temperatures can drop as low as -15 Celsius. However, winter activities and sports are easily accessible, such as skiing in Ashotsk or Tsaghkadzor where you can enjoy cross country skiing, downhill skiing, snowboarding, and winter hikes in the places.

Another plus of visiting Armenia during the winter is spending New Year’s there as the country is basically partying the entire time. Also, accommodation and Yerevan Airbnbs are comparably cheap during that period.

Once it’s spring in Armenia , like in many places, the weather in Armenia becomes pleasant and many festivals like Yerevan wine days, BBQ fest and the Urvakan electronic music festival take place in the country.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

Summers in Armenia are the perfect time to take multiple day trips from Yerevan to all throughout the country when the weather’s hot and you will have a unique opportunity to discover an ancient country. Within approximately 10 days, you can see amazing cultural and historical heritage.

Our favorite season is autumn in Armenia .  This is when the weather is just perfect for outdoor activities, camping, and day trips. In our opinion, the beginning of autumn is the best time to visit Armenia .  It is just so picturesque!

From Dilijan’s lush forest to Noravank Monastery’s surrounding area, you will see the true colors of Armenian nature during fall.

What is Armenia Known For?

As we mentioned before, Armenia is an ancient country and its heritage from different times in history is unique and somewhat well-known worldwide.

The small country has many sights that are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and there are still many undiscovered places that are gaining more and more interest from archaeologists.

Below are a few things that have put Armenia on the map.

5. First Christian Nation in the World

Armenia is the first country that adopted Christianity as an official state religion in 301 AD, over 1700 years ago.

The major figure of the spread of Christianity in Armenia was Gregory The Illuminator who was first dungeoned because of his religious view in Khor Virap . He was imprisoned for 13 years but was later released by Tiridates III.

Gregory the Illuminator is the founder of the Armenian Church and responsible for Armenia becoming a Christian nation.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

The Armenian Church is known as apostolical because of two students, Bartholomew and Thaddeus of Jesus. Thaddeus came to Armenia to try to spread Christianity after his crucifixion.

The first Christian churches in Armenia, and probably some of the first ones in the world, were built and still exist in the city of Etchmiadzin today.  The city name translates to “the only born came down”.

Etchmiadzin Cathedral, St. Hripsime, Zvartnots church ruins, and others are protected by UNESCO World Heritage today and are some of the top things to see in Armenia.

6. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Armenia

As just mentioned, the churches and cathedrals in and around Etchmiadzin are protected by UNESCO.

Other important places that are UNESCO sites in Armenia are Geghard Monastery and the Upper Azat Valley and the Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin .

7. Armenian Duduk

For more than 3000 years, this amazing instrument, with soul touching sounds, has existed in Armenia and when it’s being played, it feels like time stops.

Duduk, or the original historical name Tsiranapogh, is an Armenian wooden instrument that looks very simple at first glance and in translation means “apricot made clarinet”.

The sound of the Armenian duduk is so magical that it was placed on the list of Masterpieces of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO .

8. Ararat Mountain

A legendary and iconic mountain for all Armenians that is technically located in the modern territory of Turkey is the mountain ‘Ararat’, also known as Holy Mountain.

Ararat is a two-peak mountain made up of small Sis and big Masis mountains and has been represented in Armenian history since ancient times, known as a holy mountain and symbol with an elevation of 5,137 meters.

It is a Biblical mountain since it is mentioned in the Bible that Noah’s ark landed on Mount Ararat and it is where life supposedly started after the flood.

On a beautiful, clear day, it is possible to see Ararat from the capital Yerevan and you can admire its beauty, might, and harmony.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

9. Lavash (Bread)

A unique flatbread that is in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is Lavash .

Not a single ingredient has changed over the centuries in the preparation of ancient Lavash bread in Armenia… even the cooking method has remained the same!

Armenian traditional lavash has very simplistic ingredients but it is one of the tastiest bread in the world. It consists of flour, water, and salt. That’s it!

Lavash is baked in the traditional tonir (tandoor), a clay hole in the ground. That is how the bread has been baked for centuries and you can even see it baked in several places in Armenia today this way (including some restaurants that have open kitchens like Sherep and Lavash ).

In Armenia, there is a special name for cheese and herbs wrapped in a lavash – ‘ bruch ‘. It’s one of the simplest, yet most delicious things in the world.

Another interesting fact about lavash bread is that it’s possible to dry it and keep it for over 6 months, then wet it when ready to eat. Armenians have been doing this for centuries and it lasts without any problems.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

10. Khor Virap Monastery

Translated from Armenian, Khor Virap means deep dungeon and this is where Gregory The Illuminator was jailed for 14 years.

Khor Virap is one of the most special places to visit in Armenia because of its location and a mind-blowing view of Mount Ararat.

The 5th-century Church of the Holy Mother of God that is located on a hilltop gives it another charm and is an amazing addition to the view of Mount Ararat, which seems surprisingly really close despite being rather far away by distance.

Khor Virap is surrounded by green fields and vineyards and the monastery is one of the gems of Armenia that no one should miss when visiting the country (or Ararat marz !).

It is also extremely easy to get from Yerevan to Khor Virap with options on public transportation, as well as affordable tour options.

11. Ararat Brandy

Like we mentioned before Mount Ararat and its name is iconic and very popular among Armenians. You will see many brands that have Ararat in their name but one of the most popular brands which exist in Armenia and is known worldwide is Ararat Brandy (or cognac as the locals say).

The legendary and famous Ararat brandy factory is located in Yerevan on top of a hill next to the Hrazdan gorge and has a big history and legacy to tell.

Armenian Brandy actually gained popularity at the beginning of the 20-century because of Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill.

At the Yalta Conference in 1945, Joseph Stalin presented Winston Churchill with a bottle of Ararat Brandy (Dvin).  Winston Churchill, a fervent brandy lover, fell in love with Ararat Brandy and as a result, Stalin sent Churchill 400 bottles of Dvin batch Ararat Brandy annually.

Hrazdan Gorge things to do and Yerevan off the path guide

For Armenians, besides wine, cognac has to be of top quality and that quality has been delivered for more than 100 years by Ararat brandy and this is just one more thing that puts Armenia on the map.

It’s also possible to take a tour of the factory to see how Ararat brandy is made, learn the history of the factory, and enjoy the brandy itself with some great dried fruits and chocolate.

12. Armenian Carpets (Rugs)

For centuries, Armenians have been known for creating one of the best and most beautiful carpets in the world. It is a tradition to have a carpet inside an Armenian house as a part of the interior decoration.

It is possible to see how carpets and rugs are made in Armenia at the Megerian Carpet Center or Tufenkian Hotel next to the Vernissage.

The traditional ornaments are made by hand just like it was done centuries ago and these masterpieces are truly pleasing to the eye.

13. Khachkars

A unique and typical Armenian stone art known as ‘khachkars’ (cross-stones) is one of the most popular art forms from Armenia.

A khachkar is a big piece of stone with Christian art carved into it coming from the 4th-century that shows the skills of the Armenian masters. There are still thousands of khachkars from ancient times that have been preserved until this day.

How to Easily Get From Yerevan to Noratus Cemetery

Because it is so special to Armenia, it is no surprise that its ornaments and symbols are included in the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

One of the most famous places to see Armenian khachkars from various decades of Armenian history is at Noratus Cemetery . At Noratus, it is possible to see cross-stones from the 10th-century! It is truly a fascinating, open-air museum.

14. History of the Silk Road in Armenia

When people think of the Silk Road, they more often than not think of China and Central Asia.  However, Armenia, like other places in the Caucasus, played an important role in the trading on the Silk Road, especially Artashat.

While many remnants and traces of the Silk Road are gone in this part of the world, you can still see traces down in Vayots Dzor region at Orbelyan’s Caravanserai , an important inn for traders that existed and was saved.

15. Pomegranates and Apricots

Pomegranate is not only a fruit that grows in Armenia and Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), but it is also phenomenal and widely used in the food and is also one of the most popular symbols for Armenia used in art and architecture.

Walking down the streets of Yerevan, it is possible to see pomegranates engraved and carved into the buildings’ facades.

Nowhere else in the world do apricots (tsiran) grow and taste as delicious as they do in Armenia. The ancient fruit, mentioned in many old manuscripts, is truly the pride of Armenia.

Even the famous Duduk (Tsiranapogh) is made from the apricot tree. The fruit is widely used in Armenia and gets exported to many countries every year.

You will also find pomegranate and apricots used in foods and wines.

16. First Winery in the World

If you didn’t already know, the first winery known to the modern world was founded in Armenia in Areni village. It dates all the way back to 6100 BC.

Areni is known to be one of the most popular wine regions of Armenia where the highest quality libation is made, so it was no surprise that they discovered the oldest winery in the world inside the Areni-1 Cave .

In Areni-1, it is possible to see where the wine was made and how the ancient, clay wine barrels were dug into the soil.

Saryan Street Yerevan Armenia - In Vino Wine Bar

In some of those barrels, young female bones were discovered as signs of sacrifice. It’s a truly unique place to visit in Armenia and to be able to see the traces from the world’s oldest winery.

Besides the winery, in the same Areni-1 cave, the world’s oldest leather shoe was discovered. It is approximately 5,500 years old.

17. Temple of Garni (Pagan Temple)

Even though Armenia has a big Christian history, its Pagan history is just as important. The perfect example is the one and only preserved Pagan Temple in the country. The Temple of Garni dates back to 1 AD and was dedicated to the God of Sun Mihr.

It is truly an amazing gem located on the edge of the Azat gorge, yet another mind-blowing location that the ancient Armenian kings and queens used as a royal summer house.

The Temple of Garni is one of the most beloved places for travelers to visit because of its interesting structure and impressive location in the Caucasus region.

18. Tatev Monastery

If you want to learn about the spiritual life of Armenia, then it is a must to take a trip to Tatev Monastery . It has breathtaking architecture and is a spiritual Christian construction isolated from the world on the edge of the Vorotan River.

The 9th-century Tatev Monastery complex and the fortifications is an iconic Christian symbol of Armenia. It is located up in the mountains.  That is why, based on ancient myths, it is called Tatev, which translates to “give wings” in Armenian.

In the Middle Ages, Tatev Monastery was known as one of the best universities in Armenia where it was possible to study religion, science, and philosophy.

To get to Tatev Monastery, you need to ride on the world’s longest reversible aerial tramway  that is 5.7 km long. The ride is gorgeous and the views are mesmerizing- you get the feeling that you are flying in the sky as you cross the gorge. This is why the tramway was given the name Wings of Tatev .

19. Armenia’s Velvet Revolution in 2018

Armenia has a remarkable ancient history and heritage, but modern Armenia also shows the world its effort to create a great democratical environment for its citizens and all the visitors of this beautiful country.

In an effort to move forward in 2018, the Armenian nation initiated a peaceful velvet revolution to remove its then-corrupt party from power as it was not leading the country with a democratic lifestyle or standards.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Armenia’s example of a peaceful velvet revolution was exceptional for many post-Soviet countries showcasing that one small country facing many problems with corruption was able to unite and, without any victims, make changes to their country and its political system.

20. Yerevan Metro

Built during the Soviet-era and becoming fully operational in 1981, the Yerevan Metro is probably one of the smallest metro systems in all post-Soviet countries. However, it is one of the best secrets of Yerevan as it is affordable, efficient, and will get you from point A to point B.

The Armenian government is working on opening more metro stops and the construction has already started. The current number of stops is limited (only ten!) but are very clean and have artistic designs.

The most noticeable Yerevan metro station is the post-modern Yeritasardakan (Youth) Station and the beautiful fountains at the Republic Square Station .

The full length of the metro is 13.4 km and the working hours are from 6.30am to 11pm. The price of a ticket is 100 AMD and you will notice that plastic coins are still being used in Armenia but there is talk that that will change in the near future.

21. Armenian Language

The Armenian language is an Indo-European language and is considered to be one of the oldest in the world. The Armenian alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 406 AD and faced several evolutions during the coming centuries.

In the language in Armenia, there is a “dead language” called Graphar. It is used during church ceremonies, but not in daily life.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Nowadays, the Armenian language is divided into two parts: Western Armenian , which is used by the diaspora, and Eastern Armenian , which is used in Armenia today.

There are 39 letters in the Armenian alphabet and it is considered a national point of pride of the nation… so much that there is a monument dedicated to the Armenian Alphabet’s 1600th anniversary.

With an ancient alphabet, Armenia has many unique Armenian expressions that only other Armenians understand!

22. Western Armenia

The modern territory of Armenia is only 30% of what its historical territory was. The lands and territories have changed so many times throughout history.

Armenia used to be a lot bigger (territory-wise) in the past, but after the Armenian Genocide in 1915 and after becoming part of the Soviet Union, it lost its historical territories. Still today, Armenians refer to these lands as Western Armenia even though they fall under present-day Turkey.

Western Armenia used to be one of the biggest cultural and industrial centers of the region, and cities like Kars and Ani were the result of Armenians’ brilliant architectural and business minds.

Still today, there are many historical remains, churches, and cities that showcase why Armenians still consider Western Armenia a historical homeland.

23. Chess in Armenia

Despite its small population of only 3 million, Armenia has gained popularity around the world for its love and success at the game of chess.

Armenians love playing chess and it’s even part of their school program because they believe that the love for this intellectual game should start at a young age.

This small country has had several World Chess Champions : grandmaster Tigran Petrosian, Levon Aronian (one of the leaders of FIDE’s ranking list), and the Armenian National Chess team- which won the World Team Championship, European Team Championship, and the Chess Olympiad.

If you are a chess fan, then it’s just another reason to visit Armenia as it’s one of the most beloved games in the country, played from people’s backyards to international professional stages.

24. Armenian Genocide

One of the most tragic historical events that happened to Armenians and the Armenian nation is the Armenian Genocide . It was the first genocide of the 20th-century.

The horrific massacre happened in 1915 by the Turkish ‘Young Turks’ ruling party and as a result, 1,500,000 people lost their lives.

The Armenian nation not only lost many of its residents’ lives during this time but also a significant part of its historical homeland (Western Armenia).

This is why there are over 10,000,000 Armenians living outside of Armenia today.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

Each year on April 24th, a march takes place to the Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial in Yerevan where the whole nation pays respect to the victims of the tragedy.

25. The Armenian Diaspora (and Famous Armenians)

One interesting fact about the Armenian people and its population is that there are more Armenians living outside of Armenia these days than inside of it.  Armenia has one of the biggest diaspora in the world and it is really large in countries like the USA, Russia, and France.

Today, there is over 10,000,000 diaspora and the reason dates back to the Armenian Genocide, as mentioned above.

Americans may know of some of the famous diaspora Armenians .  Some of them are the Kardashians, Cher, Andre Agassi, Michael Vartan, Dita von Teese, Alex Ohanian (Reddit founder), Joe Manganiello, System of a Down, and more.

26. Gyumri Earthquake (Spitak Earthquake)

On December 7th, 1988, another tragedy took place in the cities of Gyumri and Spitak; they were hit by a 7-magnitude earthquake.

Gyumri is the artistic city of Armenia and has always been known as the creative center of Armenia. The devastating earthquake damaged the city very badly, mostly destroying Soviet-era buildings and a part of the Old City.

Things to do in Gyumri Armenia-4

More than 40,000 people died due to the devastating consequences of the earthquake.  Even in Gyumri today, there are remnants of this earthquake as the city is still in the rebuilding process.

There are many things to do in Gyumri , and we suggest finding some small businesses to support while there as many of the owners were actually impacted by this disaster decades ago.

27. Miscellaneous Armenia Facts and Info

Getting around armenia.

Public transportation in Armenian is still in the development stages and new transport options are being implemented in the transport system.

Usually, there are minibusses (marshrutkas) connecting Armenian cities. These might not be the most comfortable option to get around so that’s why many travelers prefer to take taxis or to rent a car while traveling in Armenia.

What to know before you travel to Armenia

Trains are also an option, but for now, the new trains will only take you from Yerevan to Gyumri . I believe there is one going to Masis, also.  It is one of the most comfortable and fast train rides in the country. The other option is to take the old, Soviet trains.

Yerevan-Gyumri price for new train ride – 2500 AMD ($6)

Yerevan- Gyumri price for old train ride – 1500 ($3)

28. Currency of Armenia

The Armenian national currency is called the dram (AMD) and is represented by the following symbol: ֏

The currency fluctuates a bit but is currently around $1 = 500 AMD .  It is possible to change out your money nearly anywhere in Yerevan.

You will see more currency exchanges here than perhaps anywhere else you travel.  Even shoe stores sometimes have currency exchanges!  Grocery stores almost always will have them too.

29. North Armenia Does Not Look Like South Armenia

As we mentioned before, Armenia is a diverse country in a small territory where one tunnel ride can change a bold, rocky landscape into lush, green gorges and a mountain range.

Armenia is a country of contrast and is easy to travel in… if you have a car. The more north you drive, the more you will see green mountains, lakes located in hidden spots surrounded by nature, deep caves, and many more spectacular places.

Driving towards the south of the country from Yerevan, the nature and landscape change into an arid and beige wonderland, complete with a unique ecosystem that is completely different from that of the north of the country.

You can find green landscapes present throughout the entire country but its percentage varies depending on whether you’re in the north or the south.

30. Usage of Tuff in Architecture

A unique architectural material that defines Armenian architecture is the volcanic stone ‘tuff’. Tuff has been widely used in Armenia for centuries as constructing material and it’s also used in art and in some other spheres.

The capital of Armenia, Yerevan, is known as a pink city because the main material that was used to build it was pink volcanic tuff stone and it illuminates the city in a hue of the same color during certain times of the day.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

But tuff is not only pink, but it also has other colors as well. Black tuff was used to build the old city of Gyumri and the architecture in Gyumri stands out like no other in the country of Armenia!

31. Sidewalk Cafes in Yerevan Saturate the Streets

Yerevan has a great cafe culture , and it is one of the main attractions of the city. You can cafes everywhere, especially in the city center and it really gives the city a charming and cozy feeling.

Saryan Street , or ‘wine street’, is one of those places where little wine shops line up the sidewalk and both locals and travelers can enjoy the charming atmosphere of an evening in Yerevan.

Yerevan Cascade is a huge platform of stairs and one of the gems of the city. At the Cascades, you can also experience great cafe culture through different indoor and outdoor cafes and restaurants.

In general, Yerevan is a city of sidewalk cafes and the choice is huge!

32. Visa to Armenia

Do you need a visa for Armenia?   You might be surprised.

While the country is open to so many foreigners and for long durations of time (as an American, I have very lenient laws about being in Armenia), other nationalities are not quite as lucky.

For example, passport holders from Canada and India both need to apply for an Armenian visa (e-visas) in advance.  Rules are constantly changing, so be sure to check before your trip to see if you need a visa or not.

Click here to see the updated list at the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

33. Architecture in Armenia

In our opinion, one of the coolest things about visiting Armenia is seeing a dynamic range of architecture in the country.

As mentioned earlier in the post, pink tuff or black tuff was a commonly used building material in Armenia and the traces of that are evident, especially in Yerevan and Gyumri.

Another interesting thing about the architecture in Armenia is that you can see so many influences throughout history based on the buildings and ruins.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

When people think about architecture in Armenia, monasteries typically come to mind.  Or, Soviet architecture.  We could go into excessive detail about Armenian architecture and will need to do so in another post in the near future.  But, do know that the architecture here is extremely fascinating and many prolific buildings represent different eras of history and styles.

Soviet Architecture in Armenia

Many foreigners flock to Armenia to see the country’s Soviet architecture.  A lot of Soviet pieces have held up well in Armenia due to the construction with durable and tough materials and the Armenian influence on many pieces of Soviet architecture is unique compared to anywhere else in the former-USSR.

Again, we will have an entire post on this in the near future but some of the most popular Soviet architecture in Armenia masterpieces are: the Cascades, Yerevan Central Railway Station , Zvartnots Airport Tower (original), Sevan Writers’ House, Moscow Cinema, Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Gyumri Shirak Airport, Jermuk cultural center, and much, much more.

34. Armenian Food and Drink

One of the greatest things about Armenia is its food and cuisine.  Food in Armenia is light and makes use of seasonal and local ingredients better than most cuisines these days.

You will find that Armenian food will feel a bit familiar and a bit foreign, all at the same time.  There are influences from Iran, Russia, Turkey, the Middle East, and Georgia in the cuisine, but many of these ‘familiarities’ are traced back so that the food either comes from these areas or Armenia actually influenced certain dishes in the aforementioned places.

Tasty Vegan & Vegetarian Restaurants in Yerevan

Nevertheless, the Armenian food is insanely good in winter or in summer!

Vegetables and fruits in Armenia are juicy and flavorful.  You will find a heavy usage of meat but also a heavy usage of vegetables, making the country fairly ideal for vegetarians without any intent to do so.

Some very popular dishes to try in Armenia are as follows:

  • spas (a yogurt-like soup with mint and other herbs)
  • kufta (pounded meat dish with tons of flavor – two types in Armenia: ishli or Echmiadzin)
  • ghapama (rice with dried fruits and lavash cooked inside of a pumpkin or gourd – eaten in winter)
  • khash (a soup made from boiled cow or sheep parts – eaten in late autumn or winter in the mornings)
  • plov with dried fruits (rice with dried fruits)
  • dolma (grape leave stuffed with deliciousness such as rice, meat, and veggies)
  • basooc dolma (vegetarian dolma)
  • lyulya kebab (minced meat grilled with other flavors and spices)
  • khorovats (Armenian BBQ)
  • gata (a sweet pastry that is highly addictive due to its deliciousness)
  • harissa (a porridge with pulled meat served with butter… this is not like North African harissa!)
  • lahmajo (an eastern style pizza – often referred to as ‘Turkish pizza’ in western Europe)
  • summer salad (a garden salad made with tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and herbs)
  • zhingyalov hats (a bread stuffed with many green herbs originating from Artsakh and Syunik region)
  • basturma (dried and spiced meat)
  • bakhlava (common across many places in this region)

Obviously, with all of these prepared items above come some other specific items like Armenian cheese , condiments, pickled veggies, and more.  Armenian food truly is the best and there is something to satisfy everyone.

Ingredients in Armenian Cuisine

While the above detailed specific dishes, we thought it would be necessary to list some common ingredients you’ll find in Armenia.

Yes, many are vegetables and you can easily find vegetarian food in Yerevan , but you do need to ask to double-check no meat or animal products were used when ordering if you’re vegan or vegetarian (a lot of food here is ‘accidentally’ vegan or vegetarian).

The ingredients listed are ones that you will see often across several dishes.

Here are some popular ingredients in Armenian cuisine:

  • Cilantro (coriander)
  • Pomegranate
  • Salt (Armenians use a lot of salt!)
  • Lavash (Armenian bread)

35. Armenian Coffee

Armenians love their coffee and you will likely be served it a couple of times a day if you’re hanging around a local.  Armenian coffee is similar to coffee you’ll find in other countries in the region and even into the Balkans (often referred to as Turkish coffee… but you will never refer to it that way here).

You can buy bags of freshly grounded coffee at all grocery stores and several shops in the city.  You will need a jazzve (way to cook the coffee on a stovetop) and a small cup to serve it into.

Are you into specialty coffee?  Don’t worry – Yerevan has third-wave coffee shops too!

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

The rest is history!

We hope that this guide will help you prepare a bit for your trip to Armenia , or at least give you an overview of things we think will be helpful before you visit Armenia.  If you have any additional questions, please leave a comment below or send us an email.  We are happy to help!

This guide was aimed at foreigners unfamiliar with Armenia, its food, culture, and history.  This is not a guide written for Armenians… so if we explain customs or food in a way that an Armenian may not like, we did it with intent to help those traveling here.  Thanks in advance!


What to know before you visit Armenia | Travel to Armenia #travel #armenia #yerevan #gyumri #caucasus | Armenia Trips | Visit Yerevan | Places to Visit in Armenia | Armenia nature | Armenia Travel Guide | What to see in Armenia | Soviet Armenia | Armenia architecture | Armenia photography | Armenian food | Armenia religion | Armenia churches | Armenia wine | Armenia history | Armenia facts

11 thoughts on “ 35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia ”

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Very interesting and informative article. I am a quarter Armenian living in the U.S. I grew up with more exposure to the other side of my heritage and am now interested in learning more about my Armenian culture. You have inspired me to start digging deeper and, hopefully, plan an adventure someday.

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Very informative. Hoping to visit Armenia in the near future. Thank you

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is so loving i will love to visit Armenia to see all this by myself .

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Honestly, it was the Duduk recording that led me to Google Armenia. The sound is very mystical, “bringing me to the mountain forest of Caucasus”. I wish to visit this interesting and historical country one day. By the way, I am from bali, Indonesia.

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After reading this I want to go to Armenia…tomorrow! Actually I plan a road trip on my motorcycle from Greece to Armenia for this summer. I have one question, how things are with stray dogs in Armenia? I’ve read several negative stories about its population and attacks to people. How things are today? Thank you in advance

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My new bus driver in montreal, canada, is armenian. He is a lovely man and you have shown me all about his country. Thank you for all your information.

🙂 You are Welcome!

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Great work. Thanks.

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We are visiting Armenia (Yerevan) next week. You article is very elaborate and informative as one should feel a complete tour to the country after reading. Appreciate your efforts Aram & Megan. Thank you.

Thank you! 🙂

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Planning to travel armenia 18 things you need to know.

18 things to know before you travel armenia

I think it’s fair to say Armenia is pretty off the beaten track. Which is why knowing these 18 things before you travel there is pretty useful!

Indeed before I adventured here, there were just a handful of bloggers writing about this country online.

So, after my amazing time there, I wanted to post an article that would give other travellers thinking of heading here a bit of heads up about what to expect.

Because it’s hard to know what to expect from Armenia isn’t it?!

The first nation in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion, a former Soviet state and situated between Iran, Turkey and Azerbaijan, it’s fair to say Armenia isn’t easy to pigeonhole!

Positioned at a long-standing travel nexus, straddling the border between both Europe and Asia, Armenia is something of a puzzle… and all the more amazing for it I say!

So if you’re planning on heading to this lovely little country, first of all, congrats and second of all, strap in for this ride through the 18 things to know before you travel Armenia…

Related Posts

  • 21 Amazing Things to Do in Yerevan, Armenia
  • Top 25 Things To Do in the Caucasus Region
  • 21 Best Things to Do in Georgia

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#1 Visas for Armenia

Armenia, Road, Car

The first thing you need to know if you want to travel Armenia is if you can!

And by that I mean, do you need to get a visa?

If you’re travelling from the UK, the EU, Australia, New Zealand, the US or Canada, then the great news is that you don’t need a visa to visit Armenia and can just get a stamp on arrival, either at a land crossing or at the airport.

This is also true for the citizens of many other Middle Eastern nations, but do check before you travel as the rules can always change.

#2 Crossing Into Armenia By Land

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Building

Unsurprisingly many travellers combine the Caucasus countries together when they travel and, as such, lots of people cross into Armenia via the land border with Georgia.

There’s primarily 2 reasons for this:

#1 Flights from Europe to this part of the world are generally cheaper when they land in Georgia, especially if you get a budget airline flight to the city of Kutaisi. As always, use Skyscanner to find the best deal.

#2 Armenia does not have open land borders with 2 of its neighbours, namely Turkey (semi-frosty relations, although flights do run between these 2 countries) and Azerbaijan (severely frosty relations and disputed territory issues).

As such, the only countries you can cross in Armenia from / to by land are Georgia and Iran, and it’s obvious, which the more frequently travelled country of those 2 is.

In relation to point 2, you also need to watch if you have an Azerbaijani stamp in your passport, as sometimes this can cause problems when entering Armenia.

That said, I’ve heard that the Armenian immigration officials are way more chilled than the Azerbaijani ones, so I do recommend heading to Azerbaijan first, followed by Georgia and then Armenia if you’re hitting up the 3 all in one trip.

I made the land crossing with Georgia myself when exiting Armenia and can happily attest to the fact it was one of the easiest border crossings I’ve ever made in my life.

Local minivans (mushrutkas) regularly ply the route between the 2 capitals of Yerevan and Tbilisi in a hurtling and hair-raising 7 hour journey through the countryside that costs around 7000 Armenian Dram … enjoy!

#3 Arriving By Air

Armenia, Yerevan, Statue

Otherwise, if you’re arriving into Armenia via a flight, like I did, you’ll be arriving into the country’s only international airport just outside of the capital of Yerevan.

The cheapest flights generally arrive here from Dubai and Istanbul, so check out FlyDubai and Pegasus Airlines via Skyscanner if you’re looking to score a well-priced ticket.

The airport is small, but clean and efficient.

Pass immigration, grab your bag, use the ATM for some local currency and even get a SIM card if you need one – more about this in #18 of this article.

You can then grab a taxi to the city centre / your accommodation, but do not pay more than 4000 Armenian Dram.

Alternatively, use an Armenian ride-sharing app to get to the centre – more in #7.

#4 Best Time to Visit Armenia?

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Ruins

Armenia has a crazy climate, in that it goes from freezing cold in the winter to boiling hot in the summer!

I guess that’s the reality of being a landlocked, mountainous country!

As a result of the climate variation, I honestly think the perfect time to travel Armenia is during the northern hemisphere spring and autumn, namely April through June and September through October respectively.

In this way, the best time to travel Armenia is similar to that of the Middle East.

Travelling during these months means you avoid the freezing conditions of the bleak winter, but you don’t risk burning to a crisp in the summer temperatures and humidity!

It’s also wildflower season during spring and conditions are perfect for hiking, which you should definitely do when you travel Armenia.

I visited this country in June, and because I’m a sunshine-fan, loved the warm climate, long sunny days and green countryside backed by snowy mountains I found.

Here’s my perfect packing list for Armenia if you’re also travelling there in the spring / summer months.

#5 How Long to Travel Armenia For?

Armenia, Bread Making, Traditional

As a small country, most people allow between 2 days to 2 weeks to travel Armenia.

With 2 days, you’ll hardly see anything, with 2 weeks, you’ll see everything, so pitch it according to your travel style and how thorough you like to be!

For more info, including a day-to-day travel schedule, check out my Armenia itinerary , which gives you 5 options for a great trip here.

#6 Money in Armenia

Armenia, Dilijan, Hives

The currency is Armenia is the Armenian Dram… but you knew that right!

ATMs are widespread in the cities here and easy to use with both Mastercard and Visa accepted.

However life gets very rural in Armenia very quickly, so if you’re heading out to the countryside at all, I definitely suggest taking all the cash you’ll need with you.

At the time of publication, the Armenian Dram was worth approximately…

£1 = 600 Dram

$1 USD = 450 Dram

1 Euro = 550 Dram

Yeah big numbers, annoying from my poor maths brain too!

When it comes to paying for things in Armenia, you want to ensure you’re not being charged overseas transaction fees or getting poor exchange rates when using your card abroad, which is why I always take my Wise card away with me wherever I travel.

The easy way to spend abroad with real exchange rates, no markups and no sneaky transaction fees, you can use your Wise card just like a debit card here… and it links easily with Google and Apple pay – sold! Grab yours here .

#7 Getting Around Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Car

Due to a lack of tourist infrastructure and some poor road conditions in parts, getting around Armenia can be a little tricky.

Public minivans, known as marshrutkas, are the cheapest way to go, but they only ply main roads and generally operate only to and from the capital.

To make matters a little more complicated, there are 6 marshrutka stations across Yerevan and finding out which buses leave from which stations is an adventure in itself!

Check out this useful website , which had the most current info I found online, otherwise ask where you’re staying for the latest details, as the often buses often change stations!

To combat the confusing minivan situation however, the good news is that hitchhiking is easy and commonplace across rural Armenia – often you’ll be picked up on the street without even having to stick your thumb out!

Otherwise, ride-sharing apps such as Yandex can be used to grab cheap taxi rides for shorter distances and make communicating across any language barriers much easier.

In Yerevan, there’s also an extremely cheap metro system.

Failing all of the above, guided day trips or private taxis will happily shuttle you to most major tourist sites around the country. If you can get a group together this can be a surprisingly cost-effective option. Check out these well-priced Armenia tours for some ideas.

#8 Travel Highlights in Armenia

Armenia, Garni, Temple

There are 2 primary attractions across the whole of Armenia and they are… monasteries and mountains… and often they are combined!

Yes situated in the Caucasus region, Armenia is an undulating, elevated country which boasts beautiful mountain landscapes within its own borders, as well as the famous snow-capped peak of Mount Ararat (now situated within Turkey) that makes for an amazing backdrop.

As the oldest official Christian state in the world, Armenia also has a huge number of Orthodox Monasteries, that are often set in stunning locations and are adorned with beautiful frescos. Hundreds of years old, they are all very much living monasteries – regular worshippers still attend them and religion very much forms a large part of local life here.

In addition to the mountains and the monasteries, Armenia also boasts a beautiful lake – Lake Seven and offers several cable car experiences, namely at Tsaghkadzor and the longest one in the world at Tatev!

There’s Roman ruins at Garni , wine production in Areni and who can forget about all the amazing fresh produce and local food production that scatters the country.

For more information and ideas about what to see, check out my list of the top 10 things to do in Armenia .

#9 Hiking in Armenia

Armenia, Khor Virab, View

Hiking is a key thing to do when you travel Armenia and there’s no way any time here would be complete without a few good walks to take in the stunning views, ancient tracks and lungful’s of clean, fresh air.

Hiking trails can be found almost anywhere in country, mostly as ancient routes to and from villages, rather than purposefully constructed trails.

As such, it’s always a good idea to download the guide before you set out.

HIKEArmenia , who have an office in Yerevan, can provide you with a huge range of free information. Find them on Vardanants Street in the capital. They are open Mon-Sat 10am -7pm.

Some of the best hiking in the country can be found in the south, around the city of Goris, and in the Garni, Geghard, Goght area just outside of Yerevan.

#10 Visiting Monasteries

Armenia, Monastery, Blue-Sky.

If you fancy seeing a good monastery, then trust me, Armenia is the country to come to!

From those UNESCO-listed ones in the north of country around the town of Alaverdi, to the picture-postcard Khar Virab, or the famous Tatev, Geghard or Noravank Monasteries, there’s a lot to choose from!

Great news for budget travellers is that all the monasteries are free to enter.

Suitable clothing must be worn to enter any Orthodox Monastery, which for women in particular, means long trousers / skirt and a headscarf. Thankfully, there are usually free garments at each church door you can borrow to enter.

If you are lucky, you may get to catch an Orthodox Sunday service at one of them, or at the very least some wonderful singing /chanting.

#11 Visiting Yerevan

Armenia, Yerevan, Cafe

Yerevan is where most people begin and end their time in Armenia and, in my opinion you can’t miss it.

There’s a few key sites to see in the capital, namely the Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex, the Cascade Comple, the Vernissage Market and the Republic Square.

While these are all fascinating places, the real beauty of Yerevan for me, was just the peaceful atmosphere of this city, which is celebrated in every corner – from the benches of its green parks to the cafes and wine bars that line its streets, along with its quirky antique and famous carpet shops.

Fresh fruit, vegetable and nut stalls line the pavements and you can’t walk more than 20m without stumbling across a coffee cart!

No surprise then that I loved this city and found it the perfect introduction to Armenian culture.

You can learn more in my article that covers the 21 amazing things to do in Yerevan .

#12 Where to Stay in Armenia?

Armenia, Goght, 3G's Camping

Many travellers who are pushed for time find it easy to base themselves in Yerevan and simply day trip around Armenia from there.

Throughout my time in the capital I stayed at the wonderful MGA Hostel which, along with their sister property, Retro Hostel , I can highly recommend – central locations and great, English-speaking staff.

Otherwise, you may wish to consider Envoy Hostel who run their own tours, both within Armenia and to Georgia, and who offer guests a discount on these if they stay with them.

Outside of Yerevan, the fabulous 3G’s camping and guesthouse , run by the lovely Sandra, is well worth stopping by to enjoy the many sights, hikes and local life in this area. Situated between the Geghard Monastery and Garni Temple this place is perfect for sightseeing, but also chilling by the amazing pool and meeting other guests in the huge and well-equipped kitchens.

In Dilijan, I recommend Old Dili , or head to either Granby Hostel or Art Guest House.

In Goris you can stay at Yeghevnut Hotel – a traveller favourite.

#13 Armenian Food

Armenia, Lady, Lavash Bread

And now we come to eating, one of the best things to do when you travel Armenia!

And it is any surprise given the amount of amazing, fresh produce they can grow in this fertile land?!

From vegetables to nuts, fruit to honey, cheese to bread, almost anything fresh you buy in Armenia will have been grown and / or produced here and it tastes all the more amazing for it.

Local streetsellers hawk their delicious goods on almost any street corner, otherwise, small farm stalls line the road sides and market places.

Don’t miss the sight of the traditional lavash bread being made either – you can spot this by Geghard Monastery as well as many other places in the country.

Seriously, don’t miss out on trying as much food as you can in Armenia!

#14 Drinking in Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Fountains

Ok so I lied, eating isn’t the real national pastime in Armenia… drinking is!

From mountain water to coffee to wine, Armenians love nothing more than a sit, a chat and a drink.

The water across the country is potable, thanks to all those beautiful mountain springs, which produce the most delicious water.

Fill your reusable metal water bottle from any tap in the country for free, or try the mountain water from any of the hundreds of free, public drinking fountains you see scattered around.

Next up, it’s the coffee, which is brewed here like Turkish / Arabic coffee. Traditionally served strong, black and with lashings of sugar, this is the perfect way to kick start your hiking!

Independent coffee carts litter the country serving up heaps of this delicious stuff for next to nothing.

And who, of course, can forget the wine?!

One of Armenia best produces, wine-drinking here is engrained into the culture and indulged in by just about every citizen.

Traditional wines flavoured with fruits are common, otherwise regular style red and whites are great, cheap and should be sampled in abundance when you travel Armenia!

#15 Costs of Travelling Armenia

Armenia, Dilijan, Old Dili

Great news for those who wish to travel Armenia… this country is cheap as chips!

While accommodation and tours are pitched at an international market and therefore probably slightly more than you might expect, local food, drink and transport is extremely cheap and monasteries and hiking are free!

In light of all this, I’d suggest a budget of around 30 euros per day if you want to travel Armenia – this includes staying in private rooms in budget guesthouses / hostels, many meals out and some day tours.

If you only took public minivans / hitched and either camped or stayed in dorms, you could easily travel Armenia on between 10-20 euros a day.

Learn about the full cost breakdown of my trip to Armenia here .

#16 Safety in Armenia

Armenia, Food, Bread Making

I’m happy to report that my travel Armenia experience was definitely one of the safest ever.

Even as a solo female hitchhiking and hiking alone, I felt incredibly safe in this country with local people seemingly not able to do enough to help me.

In all honestly, I’d often be picked up when walking along the roadside and not even attempting to hitchhike!

And I was also given countless amounts of free food and drink.

I really felt Armenian people were so happy to have tourists visiting their country that their engrained hospitality and deeply religious values came into fullforce!

If you want to learn more, then check out the specific article I wrote about safety and my experience of travelling as a solo female in Armenia.

set travel armenia

Alternatively, if you’re a long-term traveller, digital nomad or frequent remote worker seeking travel health cover, check out Safetywing’s Nomad Insurance policies.

#17 Armenian Culture

Armenia, Yerevan, Older Lady

And that’s because I truly believe Armenian people are some of the friendliest going.

For them, it seems, welcoming strangers is part of an almost religious duty and they apparently can’t do enough to help you or make you feel welcome in their country.

Situated at a geographical crossroads, one that trading empires and migrating people have traversed for centuries, it Armenians appear to be tolerant and open people.

Like their Middle Eastern neighbours, there’s no doubt the Armenians are late night people too with little open, even in Yerevan, before 10am and bars still pumping every night of the week at 3am!

While many younger people, especially in the capital speak English, do be aware that many older people / those outside of the capital don’t speak English. If you know a bit of Russian, this may come in handy!

#18 Telecommunications

Armenia, Yerevan, Pink Stone

As I mentioned in the #3 airport arrival section of this article, Armenian SIM cards can easily be bought at the airport arrivals hall in Yerevan.

If you’re coming from Georgia or Iran however and need to buy a SIM car when you cross the border I highly recommend Beeline, who I used throughout my travels in Armenia.

With good coverage across the country, as well as 3G data packages for next to nothing, this makes a great opinion when you travel Armenia, especially if you will be out hiking / travelling by yourself and would like extra piece of mind.

Just enter your email address below and I'll send it to you for FREE!

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Mini Travel Guide to Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Building

Recommended Tours in Armenia

Check out these fantastic tours of Armenia , which will help you see the best of this country.

5 Packing Essentials for Armenia

#1 Caucasus Lonely Planet – Still my go-to when it comes to guidebooks, the Caucasus Lonely Planet packs in a huge amount of information about travelling in Armenia, Georgia & Azerbaijan and will likely save you the cost of a guide in many of this country’s fabulous historical attractions.

#2 Good Camera – From the mountain landscapes to the village life, you’ll want a good travel camera to capture the best of Armenia and the Sony A6000 mirrorless ticks my box every time!

#3 Headscarf – If you’re heading to see any monasteries in Armenia, ladies will need to come prepared with a headscarf to enter, as well as a long skirt or pair of pants and a long-sleeved top.

#4 Hiking Shoes – No trip to Armenia would be complete without spending at least a day or two hiking in this country’s untouched rural landscape. Coming prepared with a pair of good walking shoes is essential therefore and Keen Targhee’s II always get my vote!

#5 Rain Jacket – I visited Armenia in June, technically the start of summer and the high season, but was amazed how storms suddenly blew in across this high altitude country. Having my North Face lightweight, windproof and waterproof jacket therefore saved my life!

Travel Insurance for Armenia


Want to Travel Armenia? 18 Things to Know

So there you have it, the 18 things to know before you travel Armenia.

Have I convinced you to visit this amazing country yet?

If you have any more questions, please shoot them across in the comments box below…

set travel armenia

Creator of Big World Small Pockets, Stephanie Parker is a travel addict! Originally from Jersey in the Channel Islands, Stephanie adventures the world collecting tips, advice and stories, to share with a smile

13 thoughts on “ Planning to Travel Armenia? 18 Things You Need to Know ”

set travel armenia

Great adventures. I hope visit Armenia and Georgia something I have been in most of American and European countries so far, but Armenia is definitily one in my list. Greetings from Chile, I hpe you can visit this part of Sudamerica soon.

set travel armenia

Hi Jamie, I hope to get back to South America and Chile soon indeed! In the meantime, enjoy Armenia and Georgia – they are certainly both worth a visit! Best, Steph

set travel armenia

My daughter and I are going on our first trip to Armenia in the summer of 2020. I read your blog and look forward to my trip! Thank you, now I know more about Armenia! Great photos!

Hi Tori, great to hear you and your daughter are planning to travel to Armenia, I’m sure you’re going to love it. So happy the blog has proved helpful and wishing you a fab trip. Best, Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

There is international airport in Gyoumri (LWN). You can fly to Athens etc so the one near Yerevan ain’t the only one:)

Thanks so much Jerry, wasn’t aware of this at all, so really appreciate the info. Best, Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

Did you get up north to the Shirak Province and Gyumri?? I stayed at a beautiful little villa (Villa Kars) in Gyumri for a couple weeks doing conservation work and traveling around with the most knowledgeable/kind guide ever. Those old monasteries and basilicas are just breath-taking! And up north they are just in the middle of fields! With cows roaming around! Amazing. Wish more travelers took interest in the country. I’d love love love to go back sometime. Great article!!

Hi Lisa, so delighted you like the article and I totally agree, Armenia is absolutely underrated and I’d love to go back too. I didn’t spend much time in the north, but sounds idyllic and certainly hope to spend more time there on my next visit. Thanks for your comment and top tips, best Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

Highly interesting and helpful article. Gives a clear view on this rather unknown country that is actually the cradle of western civilisation. Am planning to travel through Turkey, Georgia, Armenia and Iran on a spiritual quest. Passing on to India and China if things work out well. Thanks for sharing and caring :). Best, Annemarie

Hi Annemarie, this sounds like a fantastic and exciting journey. So glad you found the article interesting and helpful. Happy travel planning, Best Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

Hi Stephanie, this is an incredible and informative article and yes, I am convinced and you’ve covered all of the basic questions I had 🙂 Will be reading all the related articles too. Once question though, I have kind of decided at the last hour that Armenia is the place I want to go and travel dates are Nov 23 – 30 or thereabouts. Would I be able to hike during this time or see the beautiful mountains etc or will it be a waste of a trip during this time of the year.

Hi Melanie, lovely to hear from you and delighted to learn you found the article helpful. Hopefully the others I have written about Armenia will prove just as useful!

In terms of dates, I don’t want to put you off, but the end of November might be a little late in the season to travel Armenia, especially if you want to enjoy some hiking. Things will be getting cold by then, especially up in the mountains, and snow may well hamper your trip. I honestly think Armenia (and all the Caucasus countries) are best visited in either April-May or Sept-Oct, so maybe save Armenia for next year if you really want to experience this country at its best.

Hope that’s helpful. Happy travels Steph 🙂

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Hello Jetlag

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down

 In an era where a single Google search will pull up thousands of blog posts and magazine worthy photos for any given destination, I was surprised at how few Armenia travel tips and guides I could find online. This posed a unique situation where we actually had to jump in feet first and really explore for ourselves. We divided the country in thirds, rented a car, and just drove. Of course, there was some trial and error, but this was one of the most exciting trips I’ve taken in a while.

In this complete Armenia travel guide, pick up some of the helpful tips we learned along our journey, discover the best time to visit, get an idea of how much things cost, what foods you have to try, plus much more.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.


The ideal time for Armenia travel is late May to early June, or late September to early October.

RAINFALL November is the wettest month. March and April historically have a good amount of rain but the weather was beautiful (with no rain) when we were there in late March. HOTTEST/COLDEST MONTHS The hottest months are July and August, with highs in the 90’sF (around 35C). The coldest months are December to February, with highs in January topping 2F ( 35C) and lows dipping down to 19F (-7C). DAYLIGHT HOURS June and July have the longest amount daylight (around 13 hours), with December through February offering up only 7 hours of daylight each day.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

Whether or not you need a visa to enter Armenia will depend on your passport.

  • All European Union citizens as well as citizens of the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom do not need a visa prior to arrival.
  • Canadian citizens do require a visa but can obtain it upon arrival for 15,000AMD ($30CAD).
  • Citizens of Africa (except South Africa) cannot obtain a visa upon arrival . They can only apply at an Armenian diplomatic or consular post, and only with an invitation.

To view the visa requirements for all countries, click here. 

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

CURRENCY Armenia operates on the Armenian Dram. Credit cards are widely accepted in the city and ATMs are relatively easy to find.

$1 USD = 487AMD $1 AUD = 367AMD $1 CAD = 381AMD £1 = 580AMD €1 = 658 AMD For current exchange rates, or if your country is not listed above click here.

RESTAURANTS  I had a difficult time finding an accurate Armenia travel guide regarding tipping. From what I understand, tipping is common in Yerevan restaurants. My Armenian friend Val (who I’m so grateful to for all of her tips) says that there is no minimum and no expectation, however it’s “greatly appreciated regardless of the percentage.” So anywhere from 5% (on small bills) to 10-20% for restaurants with great service. TAXIS  When taking a taxi, you can round up on the fare. HOTELS  Nick was in Armenia for business so we were lucky to get the opportunity to stay at the Multi Grand Hotel. When ordering room service, we attempted to tip several times and our efforts were denied.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.


220V / 50 Hz


The most comment power socket in Armenia is Type C – Non Grounded. You might also run into Type F – Grounded. (We brought only a Type C converter and had no issues).

WiFi is readily available (fast and free!) in Yerevan, and you’ll find it in every restaurant, hotel and coffee shop. Outside of the city, WiFi is a little harder to come by, but we didn’t have a problem finding some when we really needed it.


One of the best things about Armenia is how inexpensive it is. Typically, things will cost more in Yerevan and much less in the rest of the country. During our road trip to the North, we stopped by a market to pick up some snacks. We bought homemade bread bigger than both of our faces combined, 2 beers, 2 baklava desserts and some sheep’s cheese for a grand total of less than $6 USD. Here are some approximate Armenia travel expenses to give you an idea of how to budget your trip.

FOOD Inexpensive meal: 1,500 to 3,000AMD ($3-6USD) Dinner for 2 (appetizers, meals + drinks): 10,000-15,000AMD ($20-30)

HOTELS  Hostels 4,800-9,700AMD ($10-20USD) Mid-Range 25,000-60,000 ($50-$120USD) Luxury: 85,000-150,000AMD ($175-300 USD)

DRINKS Cappuccino 600-1,400AMD ($1.20-2.75USD) Domestic Beer -Restaurant: 1,058AMD ($2) Domestic Beer – Grocery Store: 380AMD ($0.76USD) Wine – Restaurant: 700-800AMD ($1.5-$2USD) Bottle of Wine – Grocery Store: 1450AMD ($3USD) Cocktails: 2,432 ($5USD)

TRANSPORTATION Taxis meters start at 600AMD ($1.20USD) and cost 160.93 per mile ($0.33USD). Bus Tickets are 100AMD ($0.20USD)

Northern Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.


Armenia’s food won me over.. big time. Just about every traditional restaurant has a massive menu with tons of options, so it can get a little overwhelming if you’re not familiar with the cuisine. Here is a list of some of the most popular and traditional Armenian dishes that you have to try.

BASTURMA is a highly seasoned, air-dried cured beef, and it’s a common appetizer in Armenia. We were served basturma as part of the cold plate during several of our breakfasts. My friend Val recommends trying it in an omelet. KHOROVADZ  is Armenian barbecue, and it’s one of the most typical foods you’ll find in Armenia. Pork is the most common meat, but you can also order chicken, lamb, beef and fish BBQ. If you don’t eat meat, there are tons of vegetable barbecue options. I fell in love with the the mushroom BBQ and ordered it at every meal. DOLMA  is a traditional Armenian dish made of grape leaves, ground beef, rice, plus herbs and spices.  Dolma can also be ordered without meat.

 Food You Have to Try in Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

BUREG (also known as Borek or Borag) is a staple in Armenian food. It’s a baked pastry made with thin flakey dough and filled with cheese. LAVASH is a thin unleavened flatbread.. and you cannot leave Armenia without trying it. Not to worry though because if you forget to order it, the waiter will always remind you. At Lavash and Sherep restaurants in Yerevan, you can watch the lavash making process which only adds to the level of appreciation you will have for it once it hits your table. BRANDY (COGNAC) Armenian Brandy is considered to be some of the best in the world and for a short period of time, they were even allowed the prestigious honor of calling their product “cognac.” Armenian brandy was most famously known as the drink of choice for Winston Churchill and they boast gold medals in spirits competitions around the world.



ASK TAXIS TO USE THEIR METER  During our time in Yerevan, the only taxi drivers who voluntarily turned on their meter without us having to ask were the ones who were called by our hotel. If the meter does not get not turned on, the driver will quote you his own price at the end of the ride. A few times we forgot to ask about the meter, and the fare was triple what it normally was. We didn’t argue about it as it was only a few dollars difference, but I still hate getting up-charged for being a tourist.

TAXI DRIVERS  Speaking of taxi drivers.. very few spoke English. I recommend having the name of your destination written in Armenian so that they understand where you want to go (you can ask your hotel to help you). When we wanted to go to the Ararat Brandy Factory, our driver thought we asked him to take us to Mt. Ararat… in Turkey. Another time, on the the way back to our hotel, we had to pull up our Google Maps and navigate for him using hand signals. Luckily, they were all very sweet and willing to work with our lack of knowledge about the local language.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

PAY ATTENTION TO SPEED LIMITS  If you will be renting a car in Armenia, make sure to follow the speed limits! There are speed camera everywhere and we not only got pulled over, but we saw dozens of others fall prey to the cameras each day.

  • In towns, villages and cities– 60 km/h
  • Outside of towns, villages and cities – 90 km/h
  • On highways– 110 km/h
  • Residential areas – 20 km/h

For a huge list of tips about driving in Armenia, including what to expect if you get pulled over, check out my post below:


The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

CREDIT CARDS  In the US, our credit cards don’t usually have pin codes. Apparently this is not the norm and we inadvertently caused extreme confusion when we didn’t have a pin to enter during credit card purchases. A few people assured us that they wouldn’t steal our money ( they must’ve though that didn’t want to give them the code for security reasons haha). To their surprise, the sale did eventually go through, but it took about 30 seconds.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

FREE PHONE CHARGING IN YEREVAN  If you find yourself running out of phone battery in Yerevan, head towards the Cascade Complex. There’s an open air bus/tourist information center parked out front with free phone charing.

CHECK OUT THE GROCERY STORE Walking through foreign grocery stores is one of my favorite things to do when I travel, and it was even more fun in Armenia because everything is cheap. While beer in your hotel mini bar might seem inexpensive ($2-3USD), you can find it in the grocery store for less than $1USD! Also stock up on fresh bread, homemade cheese and Armenian snacks.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

HOW TO TIP Unlike in the US, you tip when paying your bill. If you are paying by card,  let the server know how much extra to add to the bill. If you’re paying with cash, hand the tip over with your total.

SAFETY & SOLO FEMALE TRAVEL  Armenia is extremely safe and I would definitely feel comfortable returning here as a solo (female) traveler. They have a very low crime rate even in their biggest city, Yerevan.

If you don’t know anything about Armenia, you might look at where it’s located on a map, and group it in with high-risk countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan. However, Armenia is rated “low-risk” on the Global Terrorism Index  at #75 (for reference, the US sits much higher at #32). Also, the United States Government rates Armenia as “Level 1” – the lowest advisory level for safety and security risk.

Even though Armenia is safe, it’s advised to stay clear of the Azerbaijan border as relations between the two countries remains hostile. And as with any place you travel, always stay conscious of your surroundings.

Mt. Ararat from Khor Virap Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

TALK TO THE PEOPLE  I’ve never been looked at as strangely as I have in Armenia. We would drive through these tiny towns on our road trip throughout the country and people would not drop their gaze. At first I was a little uncomfortable but then I realized, they just don’t see that many tourists.

We started initiating contact first, and quickly discovered that the Armenian people are SO friendly. One of our taxi drivers called his daughter on speakerphone because she spoke better English than him, and he wanted us to talk to her. If we had a problem, people would go out of their way to help us.. like the time we got lost and a very nice man drew directions for us in the dirt. If you find yourself traveling in Armenia, I highly recommend trying to make a connection with the people. They played a big role in my fondness for this country.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.


Northern armenia.

DILIJAN A town in Northern Armenia also known as “Little Switzerland” because of it’s dense forests and snowcapped mountains. Dilijan is a good jumping off point for Haghartsin and Goshavank Monasteries.

HAGHARTSIN MONASTERY A 13th century monastery located in the Tavush province. Haghartsin is one of the most visited monasteries in Armenia and is known for it’s incredible location tucked amongst the trees, on the top of a hill.


Lori Province in Northern Armenia // // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

LORI PROVINCE One of the most beautiful provinces in Armenia. It includes towns such as Stepanavan, Alaverdi and Spitak. In Lori Province you can visit the Lori Berd Fortress, Haghpat Monastery and Sanahin Monastery.


LAKE SEVAN   The largest body of water in Armenia and one of the highest altitude lakes in the world. Lake Sevan is a popular Armenia travel getaway for those looking to escape the Summer heat and relax on some sandy beaches. Also be sure to visit Sevanavank Monastery, located right on the shore of the Lake.

Savanavank Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

GOSHAVANK  Located 15km from Dilijan, Goshavank is a 12th century monastery that used to be one of the leading spiritual and educational-cultural centers of medieval Armenia.


JERMUK  A mountain spa town located in the Vayots Dzor Province of Southern Armenia. Most of the country’s mineral water comes from here and it’s a popular destination for those seeking out mineral spa treatments and hot springs.

ARENI  Armenia’s wine region which was said to have been founded by Noah and his sons (from the Christian Bible). The world’s oldest winery was discovered here in the Areni-1 cave, which you can tour.

Areni Wine Country in Southern Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

As you drive through the village, you’ll pass dozens of stands with vendors selling homemade wine out of old water jugs and coke bottles. Or you can visit Hin Areni winery for a tour and tasting. We ended up buying 4 bottles of Hin Areni wine (including their reserve) and it cost less than $30USD.

NORAVANK MONASTERY A 13th century monastery located within a deep gorge created by the Amaghu River. Noravank is definitely worth visiting because the scenery is breathtaking. You can combine your visit with a stop in Areni as it’s only 10km (6 miles) apart.


Noravank Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

TATEV MONASTERY I highly regret not   making it to this monastery. It was a little too far away to turn into a day trip, and we just ran out of time. Tatev Monastery’s location looks breathtakingly gorgeous, situated on a basalt plateau in the Syunik Province. To reach the monastery, you have to travel on the world’s longest cable car, the Wings of Tatev.

Google it. Trust me.


KHOR VIRAP Armenia’s most visited pilgrimage site. Khor Virap is said to have been the site where Saint Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned for 13 years before successfully converting King Trdat to Christianity, thus making Armenia the world’s first Christian nation. In addition to it’s religious significance, Khor Virap also offers one of the best views of Mount Ararat (granted that it’s not covered by the clouds … like when we visited 🙁 ).

Khor Virap Monastery in Central Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

GEGHARD MONASTERY Located in the Kotayak Province, Geghard Monastery was founded in the 4th century by Saint Gregory the Illuminator. It’s partially carved out of the mountain stone and is named after the spear that wounded Jesus during his crucifixion. The spear is said to have been housed here until it was moved to Armenia’s Ejmiatsin Cathedral.

TSAKHKADZOR  Located in the Kotayak Province, Tsakhkadzor is a popular ski resort town only only one hour from Yerevan. Kecharis Monastery and Makravank Monastery are nearby.

YEREVAN Armenia’s capital and the largest city in the country. Yerevan is also known as The Pink City because it’s buildings are made out of pink lava stone.


The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.


Despite being sandwiched between Muslim countries, Armenia is a Christian nation so there is no specific dress code to adhere to. Still, it appeared to be somewhat conservative as far as clothing goes, so airing on the side of modesty will help you fit in.

The women in Yerevan had great style; I’d describe it as casual chic with some funky touches here and there. I noticed a lot of blacks and neutrals, with subtle pops of color, cool shoes and of course, designer bags.

The climate changes throughout the country, so packing Armenia travel outfits with a few different layers is recommended. Even in the hot Summer, nights can get a little chilly.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // A Packing Guide to Help You Plan What Clothes to Wear in Yerevan, Armenia


Did I miss anything? Leave any of your Armenia travel tips in the comments!

Pin it // the ultimate armenia travel guide.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

5 thoughts on “The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down”

What a great post! I totally agree with you, I very rarely see posts about Armenia and think you’ve done a great job of introducing me to the country, it sounds lovely 🙂

Hi Helena, Thank you so much!! Armenia was such a cool country, I hope you make it over there soon 🙂

We are 4 pax planning to visit armenia in mid october (total 7 days travel plan for ) from dubai. travel date oct 14 .

Request to provide a rough itinerary so that we could cover important tourist spots in important towns.

We are nature lovers..then we wish to experience fall season,snow & a daytime .We have to book accommodations at various places as per the itinerary.

please help.

Minju shikin

Hi Minji! I’ve written several posts about Armenia which can hopefully give you some ideas for your trip.

I recommend consulting with a travel agent for a more personalized itinerary as they will be able to give you more suggestions beyond what I saw during my trip.

Hope this helps! Lindsey

I have been dreaming on traveling Armenia from long time back. Great sharing of the needed information.

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

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Travel itineraries and inspiration by Mara Fee

Travel Armenia: A complete guide for your perfect itinerary

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We chose to visit Armenia during a trip in the Caucasus – by we, I mean a close university friend and I. Originally having planned 4-5 days in the country, we cut it short to 3, in order to also catch a glimpse of Istanbul but I promise: This country is SO MUCH MORE than it’s sad history and will impress you with amazingly friendly people, good food and insanely beautiful views . So here comes: Travel Armenia – a complete guide (filled with all my knowledge I was able to acquire in the short amount of time haha).

Before you go, inform yourself about entry requirements but also about the current political situation, as there might be some entry limitations considering the ongoing crisis with Azerbaijan.

One other remark: My favorite in all Armenia (of what I have seen) were definitely the views of Mount Aragat. Only about 40 km from Yerevan, the mount can be seen almost anywhere (with its snowy top). It is beautiful to see but so absurd at the same time. It is already located on the Turkish side, across the border. The border to Turkey (the land border) has been closed for over 30 years and even though there are plans to reopen it, I am pretty sure no Armenian having been born in the last 30ish years has ever been up that mountain.

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Day 1 – Arrive in Armenia and explore Yerevan

Off to Armenia! We got into Armenia from Tiflis, Georgia, where you can easily get a Mashrutka for about 17€ and it takes about 5/6 hours (just put Yerevan Mashrutka in Google Maps and you will have the right location).

The border officials weren’t super happy with our Aserbaidschan stamps, however, after asking a couple more questions we were let into the country. Just be aware that you can only travel to Azerbaiyán first, as the other way round they will most probably not let you in.

When we arrived, we checked in our hotel and started exploring the city – and it’s so cool! Yerevan has a super chill vibe and it’s great to start wandering around from the republic square.

Sights to see/attractions & food recommendations:

Wander around:

  • the GUM market
  • the San Gregorio Cathedral (especially pretty at night)
  • the blue mosque
  • the history museum at the republic square
  • the freedom square
  • walk up the Cascade Complex for great views on the city
  • visit the market of arts.

There is also a lot of shawarma in the city and a couple of restaurants I can recommend are:

  • Artashi Mot – local food
  • Merhatsy Lebanese restaurant – Lebanese food
  • In front of the Tashkent trade center: a small store where you can buy great breakfast/lunch

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Day 2 – Geghard Monastery and Garni Temple

On Day 2 we decided to go around a bit: Armenia is famous for its ancient and beautiful monasteries, even though many have been destroyed by the Young Turks. To Geghard Monastery and the Garni temple, it is easily possible to go by local Mashrutka- it will save you a lot of money and make you avoid the tour guides and groups.

Take the bus from Gai Bus Station, it leaves every 30-45 minutes (when it’s full) and costs about 1.25€ (500 AMD). Just tell the driver when you wanna leave and get off.

We went to Geghard first, as it’s further away and then after it made our way back. Geghard Monastery is a monastery from the 4th century, it’s in the edge of a mountain and free to visit. The bus doesn’t go all the way, so we mixed walking and hitchhiking a bit. After exploring it, we walked (and hitchhiked) back to Garni, to see the temples. Students costs a bit less than 2€ entry, and it’s a cute little temple, even though I was more amazed by the landscapes surrounding it – Armenian landscapes are pretty AMAZING!

The Mashrutka will also stop around there, so when ur ready to go back to the city, just ask some locals where the bus stops and wait around – it will come, eventually!

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Day 3 – Yerevan’s history

Our last day in Yerevan (and sadly Armenia too) we spent again, wondering around and most importantly, visiting the memorial of the victims of the genocide on Armenia . Entry is free (we went there with the GG Taxi app , it’s the only app that worked at the time, as yandex was not available to us ) and I think it’s a must when visiting Armenia, especially Yerevan. The genocide on the Armenians has happened mostly between 1915-1918 and was executed by the young Turks, killing over 1.5 million Armenians.

The last night we stayed in the Art Guest House in KASKAD, with beautiful views on the city – definitely recommendable!

And that was it on Armenia! But in case you have more time, there is so much more to see!!!!

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Other ideas and suggestions:

  • Jermuk (Spa city)
  • Tatev monastery (via Goris)

All of the additional destinations are at least partially, but overall mostly reachable via public transport.

So overall, we had a great experience in Armenia and I can recommend to every backpacker – regardless of Solo or with friends and family – to check out this diverse country!

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All you need to know about travelling to Armenia


Recently updated on August 14th, 2023 at 12:37 pm

Armenia is a country of hauntingly beautiful natural scenery, strong ties to the past and exceedingly warm hospitality, and yet it still remains almost untouched by tourism. Surrounded by Iran, Turkey, and Azerbaijan, it will amaze you with its ancient monasteries, dazzling lakes and traditional villages perched between soaring mountains. With thousands of years of rich history, this country is now ready to step into the limelight. Here is everything you need to know about travelling to Armenia. 


What to do in Armenia

Explore the charming streets of yerevan.

Yerevan is the exuberant capital of Armenia, humming with historical and cultural treasures. Take to the streets with our Local Specialists on your Armenia tour to discover historic monuments, ornate gardens and Kond, the 17th-century old quarter where Persian, Muslim, and Ottoman houses line the tiny alleyways.

Experience the famous Armenian hospitality

The highlight of any Armenia travel experience is the welcoming embrace of the locals, which can be summed up with this Armenian proverb: “Guest in a house – three days he’s a guest; on the fourth, he’s a younger brother,” Wherever you go, you’ll find smiling Armenians who will be happy to share stories about their country with you.

Admire the stunning Lake Sevan

Lake Sevan, located right in the heart of the country, is the largest lake worth visiting when travelling to Armenia. Surrounded by a handful of stunning monasteries (the most impressive being the Sevanavank Monastery), it provides a scenic backdrop to a relaxing trip. The lake has a wide choice of excellent restaurants along its shore where you can tuck into delicious seafood or traditional Armenian shashlik. It also has a number of popular beaches which, in a landlocked country, the locals are really appreciative of.

Climb the steps of Yerevan Cascade for the best view

Set at the heart of Yerevan, the Yerevan Cascade is a monumental staircase featuring terraces decorated with beautiful statues and flowers. Climbing the staircase for a panoramic view is one of the best things to do in Yerevan. Once you reach the top, you can take in the breathtaking sights of Mount Ararat and the city below.

Visit the cave city of Khndzoresk

Khndzoresk is a unique settlement where time stands still. The old part of the village is comprised of huge caves where people lived until the 1950s. A new bridge connects the two parts of the village and the views from the bridge are quite literally breathtaking. Definitely worth a visit when you are in Armenia.


Best museums to visit in Armenia

Yerevan history museum.

Located in Yerevan, the History Museum of Armenia is home to 400,000 artifacts, with highlights including a large collection of Bronze items from the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC, and a cuneiform inscription from 782 BC about the founding of the city of Erebuni. Definitely worth a visit!

Parajanov Museum

Created as a tribute to Sergei Parajanov, a Soviet Armenian director and artist, the Parajanov Museum is a celebration of his artistic legacy. The museum is situated in a traditional Caucasian-style building and consists of two floors. Around 1,400 exhibits are located over two floors, with unpublished screenplays, drawings, artworks, original posters and signed letters and gifts by famous visitors.


Officially known as the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, the Matenadaran is the largest archive of Armenian manuscripts in the world. Named after Mesrop Mashtots, the founder of the Armenian alphabet, the museum is an incredible showcase of Armenian and international written cultures.

RELATED CONTENT: 13 things to do in Georgia, 2020’s hottest travel destination

Stunning scenery captured when travelling to Armenia

Armenian food & drink to try 

Dolma is a popular national dish of Armenia made of minced pork, beef or vegetables and wrapped in fresh grape leaves or steamed cabbage leaves. Dolma is popular in other neighbouring countries too, however what makes it authentically Armenian are the spices such as mint, parsley and oregano.

Ararat brandy

Immerse yourself in Armenian culture and sample the finest Armenian brandy at the Ararat Brandy Factory. Founded in 1877 during the reign of the Russian Empire, the Ararat Brandy Factory is now the primary Armenian brandy production company in Yerevan, and it’s one of the top Armenia tourist attractions. If you visit an Armenian family, they will not let you leave without trying this national drink.

Baklava is a rich dessert pastry made of layers of filo filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup. It’s popular all across the Middle East, South Caucasus, Balkans and Central Asia, but the Armenian version is something special.

armenian baklava

When to travel to Armenia

Armenia generally has a highland continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters. The best time to visit this beautiful country is in May and June when it’s not too hot, or else late September and October when the fruit collection and the winemaking season begins. The brilliant autumn colours of Armenia’s forested regions are truly striking and are guaranteed to amaze you.

Travelling to Armenia

What to pack for an Armenia trip

Travel towel.

If you would like to visit Lake Sevan, which is well-known for its beaches, you’ll definitely want to take a dip. Be sure to come prepared and bring a towel with you, either from a hotel or just your travel one.

Comfortable shoes

Something you will need for long walks is comfortable shoes. Sneakers, sandals or flats for the summer months or a pair of comfy boots for the colder months. Both the sandals and the boots are perfect for travel because the rubber soles make them extra durable and comfortable at the same time.

From the magnificent Caucasus mountains to the lush green valleys, Armenia is truly one of the most beautiful countries in the world, and you’ll need a camera to capture it all. Don’t forget batteries and memory cards if you’re a keen photographer.

Travel adaptor

Though many hotels will have adaptors available for use, being prepared with your own will ensure you’re always charged and ready to go.

set travel armenia

Transport in Armenia

You’ll be pleased to know that getting around Armenia is safe, easy and cheap. The main means of Armenia’s public transportation is a system of crowded minibuses and a modest one-line subway in Yerevan. Taxis are also widely available through numerous agencies or just in the streets. Not all taxis are metered though, so make sure to agree on a price with the driver before you start your taxi journey.

Thinking of travelling to Armenia? Discover this beautiful country on our brand new Trafalgar trip Georgia & Armenia Uncovered .


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  • Ranger Campus 1
  • Ranger Campus 2
  • Gnishik Visitor Center Delux
  • Eco Lodge in Caucasus Wildlife Refuge
  • Wooden House
  • Armenian wildlife tours


The Caucasus Wildlife Refuge (CWR) is a privately protected 30,000 hectares territory surrounding Khosrov Forest State Reserve. This area was purchased by FPWC to encourage the population growth of rare wildlife species in the region such as Armenian Mouflon, Syrian Brown Bears, Bezoar Goats, Bearded Vultures, and Caucasian Leopards

Armenia is a unique place in term of its flora. The flora of the country is very interesting, extremely rich in species, as it is at the junction of completely different floristic provinces: Caucasian province, which is a part of the Euro-Siberain phytogeographical region and Anatolian, Armeno-Iranian provinces, which are part of the Irano-Turanian region.

The vertical zonation results in an interchange of different types of vegetation starting from the 450 m. in the very south-east (Meghri region) and 4,000 m. (Aragats mountain) above sea level up to the altitudes of alpine meadow zone.

The floristic richness of the country is over 3,500 species with more than 100 endemics.

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Armenia with its geographic location, altitude differences, and unique landscapes supports more than 350 bird species during the year. Diverse habitats and breathtaking nature from arid ecosystems to alpine meadows provide a variety of opportunities where you can spend unforgettable time watching birds.

Regional endemics like Caspian Snowcock, Caucasian Black Grouse, Armenian Gull and beautiful rarities like White-tailed Lapwing, Upchers warbler, Red-tailed Wheatear, White-throated Robin, Crimson-winged Finch, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, etc.

FPWC is conducting monitoring and conservation of endangered mammal species and the protection of wildlife corridor in central and southern Armenia. Work of our rangers and trap cameras giving an opportunity to find and see animals.

Bezoar goats and Syrian bear are the easiest ones to see. Going up the subalpine zone we will have a chance to see the regional endemic Armenian Mouflon (O. o. Gmelini). During the late autumn and winter, we can spend time looking for Lynxes and Wolves. The most exciting one is, of course, the Persian Leopard, which is a usual visitor of our protected areas.

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9 Days Birdwatching package

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09 days/08 nights birdwatching Tour

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Pick up the date and explore all treasures of Armenia

  • Cultural tours
  • Health tours
  • Special offer
  • Holiday tours

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We are used to call Armenia an open-air museum. Indeed, you can hardly find any other country with so many historical and natural monuments on a small territory. It is absolutely impossible to see the whole beauty of Armenia in a few days. Travel Armenia company organized a great tour "Treasures of Armenia" that includes the visit of all the most important historical sights during excursion days.

Route: Yerevan - Sightseeing tour in Yerevan - Tsitsernakaberd - Yerevan Brandy Factory - Echmiadzin - Zvartnots - St. Hripsime Church - Garni - Geghard - Tatev Monastery - “Wings of Tatev” ropeway - Karahunj - Lake Sevan - Sevanavank - Dilijan - Haghartsin - Yerevan

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Travel Armenia  company has organized one of the most fascinating tours about Armenia. In a few days you will have a chance to see the most beautiful and interesting sights of Armenia.

Route:  yerevan - sightseeing tour in yerevan - vernissage in yerevan - history museum of armenia - yerevan brandy factory - zvartnots - etchmiadzin - museum “treasures of etchmiadzin” - garni - geghard - khor virap - noravank - areni - lake sevan - sevanavank - dilijan - yerevan.

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Welcome to our beautiful capital!    Travel Armenia company offers economy tours to Yerevan that include hotels with all amenities. You are welcome to spend 5 unforgettable days in Yerevan. The price includes hotel accommodation, breakfast, transfer airport - hotel - airport.

Route:   zvartnots airport - transfer to hotel - 5 days in yerevan - transfer to airport, tours to armenia 2022 - 2023, explore armenia with t ravel a rmenia choose a tour and we will organize your stay in armenia in the best way.

Welcome to the official website of Travel Armenia !

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How to travel in Armenia, 11 cheap and easy ways

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If you’re here, you’re probably planning a trip to Armenia , which is amazing, because you’re in for quite a ride! Armenia is still relatively unknown to most, so don’t worry about being stuck with large crowds. But because it’s somewhat new to tourism, getting around, although easy, can get some getting used to. So we put together the ultimate guide to travel in Armenia , so you can get around the country more easily, even if you don’t speak Armenian or Russian!

Republic Square, Yerevan, Armenia

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Table of Contents

Getting to Armenia

Armenia is located in the Caucasus and is a land-locked country. There aren’t a ton of ways of getting here, mainly because the borders with many neighboring countries are closed.

Flying into Armenia

Currently, there is one international airport in Armenia. It’s the Zvartnots Airport (IATA:  EVN , ICAO:  UDYZ ) located near the capital of Yerevan , about 15 km west of it. Your best bet is to fly into Zvartnots if you’re not already in the Caucasus.

Getting to Yerevan from the airport will set you back about 2,500 dram ($5 USD) on the GG app. If you choose to take a cab from the airport, be ready to negotiate with the driver, as they often try to charge double that price. Offer to pay them the same thing GG would charge, plus an extra 100 AMD (or dram ) ($0.21 USD) because you get to avoid the wait. 

View of Mount Ararat at sunset from Cascade

There is a second airport that is set to make its international debut in 2020. It’s the Shirak Airport  (IATA:  LWN , ICAO:  UDSG ) which is near the city of Gyumri, just 5 km from the city center. At the moment, commercial flights there are quite rare.

Getting to Armenia by train from Georgia

Another way into Armenia is to take the train from Georgia. You can take a sleeper train every other night during the winter months (October to May) and daily during summer (June to September). The ride will take about 10h30min, but tickets are affordable, the train is safe and convenient, so really, it’s quite a good way to get to Armenia.

At the moment, the borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan are closed, so you have to go through Georgia to go to-and-from Armenia.

Train in Yerevan, Armenia

Getting to Armenia from Iran

You can also get to Armenia from friendly neighbor Iran. You can either take a flight or a 24-hour bus ride from Tehran to Yerevan. The bus leaves daily from Tehran’s West Bus Terminal.

How to travel in Armenia, the best ways to get around

The best (and safest) way to get around Armenia is to use local transportation. Although renting a car is possible, city driving is quite dangerous in Yerevan , and the cost of the rental is too expensive to justify, especially for such a budget-friendly country! Here are the best ways to travel in Armenia:

City-to-city transportation in Armenia

Hitchhiking in armenia – the cheapest and friendliest way to travel.

Ask any local, and they will recommend hitchhiking to get around in Armenia . Here, they call it avtostop , from the Russian word for hitchhiking, and it works best when you’re outside of Yerevan . However, it’s not the most time-conscious way to travel. Mainly because Armenians, who are very friendly and generous, will insist you come over for drinks and food before they drop you off at your desired destination. You can try and tip the driver, but chances are, they’ll kindly refuse. 

To make sure your trip is successful, we recommend you look clean, travel in groups of two or three people, and have a mixed-sex group. Also, women shouldn’t be offended if the driver (likely a male) only speaks to the men in the group! Armenia is still a very traditional country.

Take a local bus to get from city to city in Armenia

Like we mentioned earlier, tourism infrastructure is slowly being built in Armenia. But it’s still quite easy to get around the country.

To get from city to city, we recommend you take the larger buses (marshrutkas). Most will be to and from Yerevan , but you can find them to other close-by cities as well. The cost of the trip will vary between $0.50 to $5.00 USD depending on where you’re heading. Someone will collect your fare before the marshrutka leaves. 

Bus in Yerevan, one of the best ways to get around

If you’re wondering what the bus schedule is, so is everyone else! Although there’s no actual schedule, buses usually leave either when they’re full or on the hour.

During your trip, they may need to refill the marshrutka with gas. Because there are still vehicles in Armenia that run on compressed natural gas and propane. Don’t be surprised if you’re asked to get out of the bus as they fill up. It’s only a safety precaution… one of the rare ones that are still upheld in Armenia. And if you’re curious about what we mean, go ahead and try to find a taxi with a functional seat belt!

If you’re in a rush, take a shared taxi to get from city to city

Another easy way to get from city-to-city is to take a shared taxi. The fare will be split amongst passengers, and there’s no schedule for departures. Again, they wait until the car is full before they head out, so if you’re 3-4 people in the group, it may be a faster option to get to where you’re going. Depending on where you’re going, expect to pay between $5 and $10 USD per person.

You can usually catch these shared taxis from Yerevan’s main bus station. The drivers will often approach you as you’re searching for your bus and offer you a ride in their taxi.

Take the train in Armenia to cover longer distances between cities

Yerevan’s train station is Sasuntsi Davit Station, located by the statue of this famous Armenian hero. Although most trains are old Soviet trains, you can also take the new train to Gyumri. The train gets you to Araks, Yeraskh, Gyumri, Ararat, and as we mentioned earlier, you can even go to Georgia (Tiblisi and Batumi). In the summer, there’s even a line that goes to Lake Sevan . 

Sasuntsi David train station in Yerevan

On the old Soviet trains, there are two classes of seating. First-class has plush seats, while the second class has wooden ones. Depending on how long your ride is, the second class tends to get more lively, so give it a try. 

Ticket prices are quite low for either class, so don’t stress too much about it. Although you can book your tickets online, the trains usually have enough room on them. If anything, get to the station 15 minutes before the train leaves and you should be good. 

Sasuntsi David statue in Yerevan

If you’re heading to Gyumri from Yerevan on the weekend, we recommend you take the new electric train. It runs from Friday to Sunday, leaving Yerevan at 10 a.m. and getting to Gyumri around noon. Tickets cost $5 USD. You can find the schedule here . This train gets a little more full (it was a novelty when we were there), so it tends to be quite full when it leaves. Give yourself a bit more time for this one (20 minutes should be fine)

Rent a car in Armenia to travel freely

We didn’t rent a car when we were in Armenia. We found it was quite easy to get around without one. Although renting a car is possible (they have the usual car rental companies you find internationally) car rental and insurance are quite expensive here. However, renting a car will allow you to get around more freely, without having to worry about schedules or missed connections.

Transportation within the city in Armenia

Walking around is the cheapest way to get around.

Armenian cities are very walkable, easy to navigate and well marked. For example, you can walk from one end of Yerevan to the other in 30-40 minutes. Walking is the cheapest and healthiest way to get around. So bring comfy shoes — you’ll get good use out of them! 

Walking around Gyumri, Armenia

Although Google Maps work well in cities, if you get lost, just ask the locals. They’re so helpful and love showing their city off. Don’t be surprised if they end up walking with you to your destination and inviting you over for coffee and cake as well!

While you’re walking around in Yerevan, make sure you check out the best restaurants in the city . All the walking is sure to get you hungry!

Use the GG or Yandex Apps instead of taxis

Just like in most cities where Uber has made a debut, the taxi scene is changing in Armenia. Although there are taxis around, the cheapest and fastest way to get around is using the GG or Yandex apps. Just like Uber, they call on various drivers in your area that can take you from one place to the next. GG only works in larger cities at the moment. 

If you want to call on a taxi, make sure you agree on the price before accepting to get in, especially at the airport. On average, rides in the city of Yerevan will cost you around $3-4 USD, depending on where you’re going. Rides to the airport will set you back about $6. 

And we mentioned this before, but we’ll say it again. The taxis or GGs in Armenia just don’t have functional seatbelts. They probably had them at one point in time, but now, they’re not really used. So don’t be surprised if there’s no buckle or seatbelt at all! 

Hop on a marshrutka to get around the city

Ok! So if you want a real taste of life in Armenia, hope on a marshrutka, those small old-school Soviet vans you see whizzing around! These vans are one of the cheapest ways to get around the larger cities. If you want to know where a specific van is going, you can either ask a local waiting in line, or you can use the A2B Transport app on Android, or if you speak Armenian, check out . 

Marshutka in Yerevan, one of the best ways to get around

A ride on a marshrutka will set you back 100 drams. You’ll be asked to pay before getting off, or when the driver asks you. To get off at your stop, just say “Kangnek” (kang-nek) to the driver. The bus will pull over at the next stop to let you off.

And here are a few more tips to make the ride a little more fun.

  • If you want to be comfier, sit in the front, with the driver.
  • Don’t slam the door too hard when you get in, or you’ll get it from the driver.
  • If seating is tight, you’ll need to stand. Is it safe? … maybe not so much.
  • Don’t be surprised if ladies ask you to hold on to their purses, groceries, or babies if you have a seat. Though we would recommend you offer them your seat.

Take the metro in Yerevan

Even if it’s displayed on Google Maps, Yerevan’s metro system is little known to visitors. It’s one of the best ways to get around the city, especially if you have to cover long distances.

Soviet Architecture at Yerevan's Yertasatagan metro station

The metro is also one of the things residents of Yerevan are very proud of. The Karen Demirchyan Yerevan Metro covers 13 km and has about 10 stops, and tickets only cost 100 AMD (or $0.20 USD). In the summer months, it’s also the coolest mode of transportation – the city tends to get really hot. 

If you’re expecting a fancy metro card or metro system, you’re in for quite a ride! There’s no actual metro card in Yerevan. To get through the gates, go to the counter and exchange your money for an orange token, and voilà! Also for some unknown reason, you’re not allowed to take pictures in the metro, even though most stations are beautifully built and are quite photogenic.

set travel armenia

Here’s a little more info about transportation in Armenia:

  • Cars drive on the right side of the road. Though don’t be surprised to see some cars that have the steering wheel on the right side.
  • The roads are not that great in Armenia, though it does depend on where you are. In larger cities, the roads are all paved and actually in good condition. In smaller cities, they tend to be unpaved or full of bumps and holes.
  • The speed limit in Armenia ranges from 20 km/h in residential areas to 60 km/h within the city. When on larger routes outside city limits, the speed limit goes up to 90 km/h or 110 km/h. Although on the highway, you’ll come across 70 or 80 km/h. The signage is usually pretty clear, so make sure you stay within the established limits.
  • Also, you should be careful when driving because there are speed detector cameras widely spread within Armenia. They automatically fine you for going 10 km/h or more over the speed limit.

set travel armenia

Where to stay in Armenia

If you’re ready to crash after all these things to do in Armenia, you can head to  one of the many hotels available . There’s something for every budget and preference. You can also find homestays or try  Couchsurfing . Whatever you choose, you’ll find a comfy place to get some rest.

We’ve said a bunch of times, but we’ll say it again. Armenia is one of our favorite places on earth. Hopefully, this guide will help you get around more easily so you can enjoy everything this beautiful and underrated country has to offer.

Let us know in the comments if this was helpful, and if you have any other questions about how to get around in Armenia.

We put a lot of time and effort into the content we create.  Please like, comment and share, every action on your part helps us out tremendously and is very much appreciated.

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11 ways to travel around in Armenia. The best ways to get around like a local in Armenia

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Armenia Travel Advisory

Travel advisory july 17, 2023, armenia - level 2: exercise increased caution.

Reissued with obsolete COVID-19 page links removed and “Do Not Travel”  areas updated.

Exercise increased caution in Armenia due to areas of armed conflict. Some areas have increased risk.  Read the entire Travel Advisory.

Do Not Travel To:

  • The border region with Azerbaijan.
  • The Nagorno-Karabakh region and surrounding territories due to recent hostilities .

Following the September 13-15, 2022 military actions along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, including reports of shelling inside Armenia, U.S. Embassy employees and their families were prohibited from any non-essential travel to select areas along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border.  Following a June 2023 review of current threat levels, the U.S. Embassy has eased select travel restrictions. U.S. Embassy Employees and their families remain prohibited from any non-essential travel to the following areas:

  • Tavush region eastward of Varagavan on the H37 roadway.
  • Tavush region eastward of Navur on the H36 roadway.
  • Gegharkunik region east of Vardenis.
  • Travel through Yeraskh village in Ararat region is allowed, stopping is not.
  • Travel to Jermuk, past Getik in Vayots Dzor region via H42 and H43 roads.  
  • Syunik region.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh.

Country Summary:

Until September 2020, the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other territories internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan were under Armenian-control.  In connection with seven weeks of armed hostilities over Nagorno-Karabakh in the fall of 2020, Azerbaijan took control over the seven territories, as well as parts of Nagorno-Karabakh.  While the November 2020 ceasefire arrangement has largely held, military actions along the border occur on a regular basis.  From September 13-15, 2022 military actions took place along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, which included damage to Armenian towns near the border.   

Read the country information page for additional information on travel to Armenia.

If you decide to travel to Armenia:

  • Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program ( STEP ) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Follow the Department of State on Facebook and Twitter .
  • Review the Country Security Report for Armenia.
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the Traveler’s Checklist .
  • Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas .

Border with Azerbaijan – Level 4: Do Not Travel

There is the potential for armed conflict near the Armenia-Azerbaijan border. U.S. citizens should avoid the area. Exercise caution on roads near Armenia’s border with Azerbaijan. Be aware that some portions of the road may cross international boundaries without notice. Roads may be controlled by checkpoints or closed to travelers without notice.  The U.S. embassy has prohibited embassy employees and their families from non-essential travel to the border region, as well as other areas of Armenia listed above.

Nagorno-Karabakh – Level 4: Do Not Travel

The U.S. government is unable to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in and around Nagorno-Karabakh due to landmine contamination and restricted access.

Travel Advisory Levels

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COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers

Armenia travel advice

Latest updates: Health – editorial update

Last updated: March 13, 2024 14:09 ET

On this page

Safety and security, entry and exit requirements, laws and culture, natural disasters and climate, armenia - take normal security precautions.

Take normal security precautions in Armenia

Eastern border with Azerbaijan - Avoid all travel

  • within 5 km of the eastern border with Azerbaijan
  • the M16/H26 road between the cities of Ijevan and Noyemberyan

Border with the Azerbaijani Autonomous Republic of Nakchivan - Avoid non-essential travel

Avoid non-essential travel to within 1 km of the border with the Azerbaijani Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan due to the risk of armed clashes.

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Border areas

The Government of Canada’s ability to provide consular services in areas along the international borders with Azerbaijan is extremely limited.

The security environment remains highly volatile at the eastern border between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

There have been periodic outbreaks of violence in these areas for several decades and, while there have been no major incidents since Azerbaijan’s military operations in September 2023, tensions remain heightened. As part of the ongoing tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia, there are also occasional ceasefire violations and clashes on the Nakhchivan border.

All border crossings into Azerbaijan are closed and the border is heavily militarized.

Armed clashes occur occasionally at multiple points along the international border, including near the following Armenian cities:

Border areas with Azerbaijan are subject to extremely dangerous military activities, such as:

  • mortar and artillery shelling
  • rocket fire
  • drone attacks
  • heavy gunfire

If you choose to travel near the border with Azerbaijan despite this advisory:

  • exercise caution at all times
  • avoid travelling at night
  • monitor local and international media to stay informed on current clashes
  • follow instructions from local authorities and security forces


The land border between Türkiye and Armenia is closed.

The border crossing near the Armenian town of Meghri is the only official access to Iran from Armenia.

Russian border guards are present along the border and have set up several checkpoints to deter smuggling and other illegal activities into Armenia from Iran. 

Iran’s military occasionally conducts operations in the area.

  • Only cross at official border crossings
  • Follow the instructions of security forces
  • Avoid travelling at night
  • Avoid travelling alone

Petty crime

Pickpocketing, mugging, purse snatching and theft from cars and homes occur.

During your stay:

  • keep your car and home doors locked and windows closed at all times
  • don’t leave personal items and documents in plain sight in a vehicle
  • make sure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents are secure at all times
  • don’t show signs of affluence

Police officers don’t regularly patrol streets and response may take longer than expected.

There is a low threat of terrorism in Armenia, but attacks could occur at any time.

In 2022, there have been bomb alerts in Yerevan targeting:

  • Zvartnots International Airport
  • metro stations
  • shopping malls
  • the city hall
  • the national assembly

Targets could also include:

  • places of worship
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

In the event of a bomb alert:

  • expect heightened presence of security forces and disruptions to air traffic and public transportation
  • monitor local media to stay informed on the evolving situation
  • follow instructions of local authorities and security forces, including evacuation orders
  • don’t go near the targeted areas

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant if attending:

  • sporting events
  • religious holidays
  • other public celebrations


Demonstrations take place regularly, particularly in Yerevan and the vicinity of institutional buildings, and are mostly peaceful.

In 2022, large-scale demonstrations took place in several cities across Armenia over the government’s posture toward Azerbaijan after the Nagorno-Karabakh war. They have led to acts of vandalism and violent clashes amongst demonstrators and with security forces in certain places.

Further demonstrations are likely.

Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

Mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Road safety

Road conditions.

Road conditions have improved in recent years in Yerevan and on main roads. Roads in rural areas are poorly maintained and dangerous due to:

  • insufficient lighting
  • bad road markings and signage
  • large potholes
  • unpaved sections
  • lack of road shoulders
  • poor snow clearing during winter

Emergency services may take a long time to reach you if you’re involved in an accident outside of urban areas. You must have a warning triangle in your car at all times in case of an emergency.

Roads in Armenia – Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Armenia

Driving habits

Drivers are often distracted, frequently break traffic regulations, drive at excessive speeds and lack driving skills.

Pedestrians often cross in the middle of the road and drivers don’t always give pedestrians the right of way.

Driving under the influence of alcohol is common, especially on weekends.

U-turns and lane changes without warning occur frequently.

If you’re driving in Armenia:

  • always drive defensively
  • avoid driving at night
  • use main roads and highways as much as possible
  • don’t stop in isolated areas
  • always carry a cellphone and a charger

Women’s safety

Women travelling alone may be subject to some forms of harassment and verbal abuse.

Advice for women travellers

Credit card and ATM fraud occurs.

Be careful when using debit or credit cards:

  • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others
  • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
  • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
  • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN

Tourist scams

There have been reports of foreigners being pickpocketed or forced to pay the bill by friendly strangers who:

  • offer to help, especially near ATMs
  • ask you to take a photo
  • invite you for drinks at a bar

While travelling:

  • avoid showing signs of affluence, carrying large sums of cash or unnecessary valuables
  • pay attention to your surroundings, particularly in crowded and tourist areas
  • be extra cautious when withdrawing cash from ATMs

Overseas fraud

Adventure tourism

Adventure tourism, such as zip-lining, kayaking, rock climbing or trekking, can be dangerous, especially if they are not well-organized. Trails are not always marked and weather conditions can change rapidly.

Tour operators may not meet international standards.

If you are participating in adventure tourism:

  • never do so alone, and do not part with your tour companions  consider hiring an experienced guide from a reputable company 
  • buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation  
  • ensure that your physical condition is good enough to tackle the challenges of your activity  
  • avoid venturing off marked trails  
  • refrain from using equipment if you have doubts on their safety  
  • always wear a lifejacket during water activities.

Public transportation

Taxis are widely available in Yerevan, but vehicles are often in poor condition and don't always have standard security features like seatbelts.

Most taxi drivers:

  • smoke and talk on the phone while driving
  • don’t accept credit cards
  • can’t make change for large bills

There are several mobile applications on which you can order taxis with safer vehicles and fixed fares.

If you choose to take a taxi:

  • confirm the driver's identity and license plate before getting into the car
  • never share a cab with strangers
  • make sure the driver does not pick up other passengers on the way to your destination
  • negotiate the fare in advance
  • have small bills available for payment.

Trains operate in Armenia, but mainly serve destinations in the north of the country. Be careful when travelling by train as wagons are often overcrowded and not always well-maintained.

  • Make sure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • Don’t leave the compartment unattended
  • Keep the door locked from the inside

When travelling outside of Yerevan, avoid using minibuses called "Marshrutka".

Drivers are reckless and are often involved in accidents. The vehicles are overcrowded and not always equipped with seatbelts.

Petty crimes such as theft occur, and drivers may overcharge you.

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

Information about foreign domestic airlines

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Armenian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the  Foreign Representatives in Canada .

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Armenia.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Passport with “X” gender identifier

While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Useful links

  • Foreign Representatives in Canada
  • Canadian passports

Tourist visa: required Transit visa: required Business visa: required

You must obtain a visa before departure either from:

  • Armenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website or
  • the closest Embassy of Armenia

Apply for an e-visa - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia

Dual citizenship

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Armenia, you might be required to enter and exit Armenia on an Armenian passport. Contact the nearest Armenian diplomatic office to confirm this information.

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Children and travel

Learn more about travelling with children .

Relevant Travel Health Notices

  • Global Measles Notice - 13 March, 2024
  • COVID-19 and International Travel - 13 March, 2024

This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

Routine vaccines

Be sure that your  routine vaccinations , as per your province or territory , are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Pre-travel vaccines and medications

You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.


  • Vaccination is not recommended.

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada

There is a risk of hepatitis A in this destination. It is a disease of the liver. People can get hepatitis A if they ingest contaminated food or water, eat foods prepared by an infectious person, or if they have close physical contact (such as oral-anal sex) with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus.

Practise  safe food and water precautions and wash your hands often. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas where hepatitis A is present.

  Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

 The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

 The flu occurs worldwide. 

  •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
  •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
  •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.

In this destination, rabies is commonly carried by dogs and some wildlife, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. While travelling, take precautions , including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children.

If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. In this destination, rabies treatment may be limited or may not be available, therefore you may need to return to Canada for treatment.  

Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who are at high risk of exposure (e.g., occupational risk such as veterinarians and wildlife workers, children, adventure travellers and spelunkers, and others in close contact with animals). 

Safe food and water precautions

Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

  • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
  • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
  • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 

Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.

The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.

Typhoid   is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.  

Insect bite prevention

Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

  • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
  • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
  • Minimize exposure to insects
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.

Animal precautions

Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

Person-to-person infections

Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette , which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

  •   washing your hands often
  • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
  • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) , HIV , and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.

Medical services and facilities

Adequate medical services and facilities are available in Yerevan. Outside Yerevan, medical personnel, services and facilities are limited and may not offer the level of care you may be used to in Canada.

Medical professionals may require cash payments before providing care, even if you have travel insurance that covers hospital stays.

Serious medical cases may require evacuation to a country equipped with adequate facilities.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Some prescription medication may not be available in Armenia.

If you are taking prescription medication, you must verify its legality.

  • Bring a sufficient supply of your medication
  • Always leave your medication in its original packaging
  • Keep your medication in your hand luggage
  • Keep a copy of your prescription with you

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a   travel health kit , especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad .

Transfer to a Canadian prison

Canada and Armenia are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Armenia to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Armenia authorities.

This process can take a long time, and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.

There are severe penalties for the possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs, including cannabis.

You could face:

  • heavy fines
  • lengthy jail sentences

Drinking and driving

There is zero tolerance and severe penalties for drinking and driving in Armenia.

The legal blood alcohol limit is 0.0%.

If you’re convicted of drunk driving, you could face jail sentences.

Drugs, alcohol and travel


It is illegal to takes photographs or videos near sensitive areas along the border of Armenia, including:

  • military installations
  • engineering facilities
  • surveillance towers
  • transportation equipment

This prohibition also applies to drones.

You need an international driving permit or an Armenian driver’s license to drive in Armenia.

Car insurance is mandatory in Armenia.

International Driving Permit

Imports and exports

You must obtain permission from Armenian authorities prior to importing certain goods and products, including:

  • pharmaceuticals
  • weapons and components of weapons
  • communication equipment

The import and export of cultural and historical items is also regulated. This includes:

  • archaeological objects
  • sculptures and paintings
  • ancient books and documents
  • musical instruments
  • furniture and carpets
  • Foreign Representatives in Canada
  • Information for tourists, importers and exporters – Customs service of the Republic of Armenia

2SLGBTQI+ persons

Armenian law doesn’t criminalize sexual acts or relationships between persons of the same sex. 

However, 2SLGBTQI+ persons could be discriminated against based on their sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or sex characteristics. 

Travel and your sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Armenia.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Armenia, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements .

Travellers with dual citizenship

National obligations

Canadian-Armenian citizens may also be subject to national obligations, such as taxes and military service. Check your status with the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada. Authorities may detain dual nationals who try to avoid military service and face large fines or imprisonment.

International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. It does not apply between Canada and Armenia.

If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Armenia by an abducting parent:

  • act as quickly as you can
  • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Armenia to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
  • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre.

If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.

  • International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
  • Travelling with children
  • Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
  • Emergency Watch and Response Centre

The currency is the Armenian dram (AMD).

Some ATMs may not accept foreign bank cards. You can make withdrawals at bank counters using your passport as identification. Most banks do not accept traveler's cheques and treasury bills. 

You must declare all foreign currency in your possession exceeding 10,000 USD or its equivalent:

  • upon arrival
  • upon departure

Foreign currency declarations apply to:

  • traveller's cheques
  • treasury bills

If you’re travelling with bearer securities in your possession, you must declare it to customs officials regardless of its value.

Armenia’s climate is continental, and temperatures vary geographically. In Yerevan, summers are hot and winters are mild.

A vast portion of the territory is at an altitude of 1000m above sea level where temperatures are lower than in the capital and rainfall more frequent.


Armenia is located in an active seismic zone. Although no major events have occurred in recent years, an earthquake could strike at any time.

Earthquakes - What to Do?

The rainy season generally extends from March to June and from October to November.

Seasonal flooding can affect overland travel and the provision of essential services, especially in the Ararat and Shirak valleys. Landslides could occur, roads may become impassable and bridges damaged.

  • Monitor local media for updates, including road conditions
  • Stay away from flooded areas
  • Monitor weather reports
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders

Local services

In case of emergency, dial:

  • police: 102
  • medical assistance: 103
  • firefighters: 101
  • Emergency services: 112

Consular assistance

On October 25, 2023, the Government of Canada inaugurated the Embassy of Canada to the Republic of Armenia in Yerevan. At this time, consular services continue to be provided by the Honorary Consul of Canada in Yerevan and the Embassy of Canada to Russia.

Armenia (Consular and Trade Commissioner services)

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Russia, in Moscow and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services .

Risk Levels

  take normal security precautions.

Take similar precautions to those you would take in Canada.

  Exercise a high degree of caution

There are certain safety and security concerns or the situation could change quickly. Be very cautious at all times, monitor local media and follow the instructions of local authorities.

IMPORTANT: The two levels below are official Government of Canada Travel Advisories and are issued when the safety and security of Canadians travelling or living in the country or region may be at risk.

  Avoid non-essential travel

Your safety and security could be at risk. You should think about your need to travel to this country, territory or region based on family or business requirements, knowledge of or familiarity with the region, and other factors. If you are already there, think about whether you really need to be there. If you do not need to be there, you should think about leaving.

  Avoid all travel

You should not travel to this country, territory or region. Your personal safety and security are at great risk. If you are already there, you should think about leaving if it is safe to do so.


  • English (EN)
  • Español (ES)
  • Português (BR)

Is Armenia Safe? Crime Rates & Safety Report


  • Armenia : Safety by City

Armenia, officially known as the Republic of Armenia is a country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

This landlocked country shares its borders with Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Azerbaijan’s Naxcivan exclave to the southwest.

Geographically, an interesting fact about this country is that – as high as 5% of Armenia’s territory consists of Lake Sevan (Sevana Lich), which is the largest lake in the Lesser Caucasus mountain range.

Apart from this, Armenia flaunts remarkable natural landscapes: due to its mountains and mountain valleys, Armenia’s climate varies a great deal, and it’s not just climate that varies from region to region: Armenia’s scenery is gorgeous, with dry areas to a lush forest at the top of mountain ridges.

As for attractions in this country – you can choose from medieval monasteries all over the country (known as the number-one attraction), gorgeous landscapes perfect for hiking and climbing (if you’re the nature-loving type), and the wonderful experience of visiting Yerevan – which many say is the most endearing landmark to visit while here.

  • Warnings & Dangers in Armenia


Armenia is overall safe to travel to, with considerably low crime rates and even pickpockets not being that much of an issue. However, it is advised that you remain vigilant at all times, especially when crossing the streets.


Transport is generally safe in Armenia, but be careful when taking a taxi, especially at Zvartnots International Airport. There might be taxi drivers trying to overcharge you ridiculously for a drive to town.


Pickpocketing exists in Armenia and you should remain vigilant and make sure not to flash your belongings in crowded places such as bus or train stations, or public transport. Be careful and keep your valuables close by your side.


Floods are the biggest natural threat in Armenia: there was a flooding in 2010 that caused an estimated US$ 10 million in damage. Armenia also faces droughts, hail storms and landslides.


It is not likely you will get mugged or kidnapped in Armenia. Crime rates are generally not too high and violent crime against tourists is unlikely. Still, don't let your guard down and stay away from dark and deserted areas of bigger cities.


Even though there haven't been any terrorist attacks in Armenia's recent history, they shouldn't be ruled out, so be aware of your surroundings at all times.


There is the issue of scams in Armenia, just like in any other country, and the most common ones are credit card and ATM scams. Be careful when picking up your many from ATMs, especially those that accept VISA credit cards: they might withdraw money from your account but not deliver it to you! Always negotiate everything in advance, double check your change and never pay anything upfront. Never accept drinks from strange people or leave your drink unattended.


Armenia is definitely safe for solitary female. Just use your common sense and have your wits with you. Avoid poorly lit and deserted areas at night and finding yourself in places filled with drunken people.

  • So... How Safe Is Armenia Really?

Generally, Armenia is safe to travel to and Yerevan is really not a dangerous city to be in.

However, even though crime rates in Armenia are not through the roof, it is still recommended that you remain vigilant at all times, especially at night.

Use common sense if you’re going out at night, especially if you plan on drinking because you might encounter people willing to start a fight.

As for scams, there are some well-known scams related to ATM machines, particularly ATMs that accept VISA cards, where the machine withdraws cash from your account, but you receive no money!

Another known scam happens on Zvartnots International Airport, with people asking tourists if they need a taxi, and when they find people who do, they take them to a taxi that costs two or three times more than a regular taxi.

Whatever they say, do not trust those people, even if they’ve already packed up all your luggage in the trunk: taxi rides from the airports usually cost around 2,000-3,000 dram instead of the 10,000 drams they are asking.

They can be very convincing saying that the ride really costs that much, and that’s how many tourists have been tricked.

Generally, be careful when using taxis and other means of transport: if you want to check if a car is a real taxi, look at the number plate: if it is yellow or the first are 3 digit numbers (and NOT 2 digit), then it is a taxi you can use and not worry about getting scammed.

  • How Does Armenia Compare?
  • Useful Information

Many nationals, such as EU and US nationals do not need an entry visa for Armenia and can stay usually a maximum of 90 days per visit. If you are not sure about your visa status, visit which will let you know whether or not you need visa based on your nationality and the country you want to visit.

Armenia dram is the official currency in Armenia. ATMs are widely used throughout the country, but credit cards aren't accepted as much as in other parts of Europe: you can use them in better hotels, restaurants and some shops in the capitals.

Climate in Armenia varies from dry subtropical to the mountain tundra climate. In Yerevan, July is the hottest month with average temperatures reaching as high as 27°C and the coldest month is January with temperatures of -3°C.

Zvartnots International Airport is the main international airport in Armenia. It is located near Zvartnots, about 12 km west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia.

Travel Insurance

Just like anywhere else, we recommend getting travel insurance when traveling to Armenia since it covers not only the costs of medical problems, but also theft and loss of valuables.

Armenia Weather Averages (Temperatures)

  • Average High/Low Temperature

Armenia - Safety by City

Explore armenia.

  • 10 Most Dangerous Cities In Armenia
  • 10 Safest Cities in Armenia
  • 16 Pros and Cons of Living in Armenia
  • Where to Next?


43 Reviews on Armenia

Young people are moving to Europe due to economic crisis and unemployment in Armenia made the country to have just older Soviet brain people. Expect they have amazing natural places to visit but still so boring country with its unrich culture.

Respect for women is lovely but you still should be careful with taki driver.

So boring country with its uncultured people and poor culture. Poverty rate is so high. Robbery and rude behavior by local people are also extreme level. Don’t reccomend

Armenia is Awesome!

Uncultured? How stupid are you! 4,000 years plus history. Yerevan crawling with gorgeous women. Best wines and brandy in the world. Opera, music, open air cafes everywhere. Friendliest people I’ve ever met in any country. Get real. GO back to Baku or whatever shit hole city you’re from.

I love Armenia it’s such a beautiful country my husband is Armenian and I’m English I have been going to Yerevan in Armenia 🇦🇲 for 20 years to visit all my friends and family hope to move there one day such friendly people xxx🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲

Brilliant 🙂

You’re not very bright, are you? As a matter of fact, you’re not bright at all? Please do us a favor and don’t use a computer’s keyboard to display your utter stupidity!

Just because they Are homeless and poor does not mean anything you know you should not judge till you are walking in their shoes. Think about what I Just said. do not judge

Okay mr Azeri

Amazing country!

Armenia is amazing! The people, the food, the ambience, the nature, opera park… Everything is great! I love to visit Yerevan in the summer when all restaurants outside are open.

Lol “irakli” he is georgian, such nationality with such unrich culture will come here to have envy on Armenia and lower rating

I thought the same. Backwards Georgians.

Will visit next year again

The best Caucasian country. Highly recommended to visit. The country overall is pretty safe and I did not encounter any scam in Armenia. People were very hospitable. I did not have a language problem in the capital city but you may consider taking a local guide for visiting other cities like I did but it is up to you. See you in the next year Armenia

So dangerous , people wants to steal your money . Always looking weird , looking our pockets and bags

are u Indian

indians are nice people like all other people in the entire world. please dont misjudge indians. as human beings, if we treat, other people and or living creatures in a loving and affectionate manner, then we too get the same …. god bless every one …..

Were you the one stealing money?

Great people ,beautiful country,amazing food.

Fantastic allrounder

Great hospitality, wonderful natural beauty and a unique culture to learn about!

Should visit at least once

Amazing country to visit, extremely safe with a night life like no other. People extremely humble and kind


Best place for tourists

The best place I have ever visited. You can walk in the middle of the night and not be scared even a little. Rich culture , so rich that in 1 week I have only explored 20% of it. Love Armenia 🇦🇲 coming next year P. S. The people were so nice and polite , they were ready to help❤️

Would love to visit Armenia with my kids!!

Best life experience

The best place 🇦🇲❤️ Recommend for everyone

Best Country Ever!

Best Country Ever! Recommend for everyone. Very safe place.

Isn’t there a war going on right now in that country? How is that safe 11/8/20

I agree with all the five star reviews. Good tours. Safe. Super friendly. Yerevan has plenty of great places to eat and visit. Armenians love their children! For me it’s an amazing place.

Well, somebody answer him. Is it safe due to civil unrest?

Nobody responded to you. That’s interesting. We are planning to go there in April 2021. But should we? Armenia lost the war and now they are angry. Will there be “civil unrest”?

Armenia is definitely safe.

There were protests after the war and people broke into the parliament building (sound familiar). Things are quiet now in Yerevan. Although there will be an election later in June, so there may be more protests depending on the results. Overall, Yerevan is still one of the safest cities in the world.

It is safe now.

As of late June 2020, Armenia is quite safe and the unrest has died down, with the elections being over.

There is no civil unrest, people do protest for pow’s to bring our boys back but there are peaceful people. I M going this summer, can’t wait.

Love to come visit

IT IS AWSOME!!!!!!!!!

i love it and i love them it is a nice colter and amazing fun

Excelent cpuntry with excellent modals. Recommended.

God's nation

I’ve been all over the world by far the most welcoming people! And I’m not talking about the food and the culture! Will go Again in August!

Ordinary local taxi not safe

Avoid using local taxis, we got hooked up by a bad taxi driver, since he cant speak english, he fooled us with the price, the price was 5760 amd from genocide memorial park till republic square. Normally, it is 1000amd only via yandex go taxi. So i hand over 5000 amd to him, since i dont have loose coins, i decided to just give him 20, 000 amd and he grabbed immediately the 20000 amd and threw in the cupholder near the gear, and doesn’t want to give me the 5000 amd which i gave first. He said i had only given 6,000amd to him. And forced us to leave the car quickly. Lesson learned for tourist like me, never ever use local taxis, even in airport, they are so greedy of money. It is much safer to download yandex go taxi app. It is cheaper, very safe and convenient for tourists to roam around yerevan city. Because of this bad taxi driver, my good impression to this country was ruined instantly. Definitely i will not come to visit here again.

It’s cheaper to higher a Man with his air- conditioning car all your stay in Armenia , so you can make the most of it .It’s a Beautiful Country if I had the chance I would spend a month each year there .people are so so friendly & generous . Everything is so cheap there you can live like a king. There food is all organic.specially there fruits I would die for . 99 per cent are University graduates

Armenia - Awesome Country

Armenia is a very safe country (top 10 safest countries in the world). The bad reviews on this site are primarily from our racist neighbors from azerbaijan whom we are not in good terms with. Do not listen to them and watch all of the videos on YouTube from foreigners about how wonderful Armenia and Armenians are. Also, the data on this page describing Armenia are worded negatively. I will not trust this site for reviews or opinions.

Definitely a safe country, but boring overall

Armenia is an incredibly safe country, and as an Armenian myself, I can safely say that this article isn’t overall very useful. This place is very safe, so safe that parents send their kids (7+ years old) to go get groceries from the market. Yes, every once in a while, there might be some incident where some person got mugged, but this is incredibly rare. I would recommend going on vacation to Armenia if you like road trips and sight seeing, because that’s just about everything there is. I am a kid, and my visit was very boring. We stayed in our Airbnb in Armenia for 2 weeks, and all we did was go around to monasteries and statues. It sounds fun, but 11 year-old children like me don’t like sight seeing. Not that the sights were bad, it’s just that the 2+ hour drive to most of them wasn’t worth it. Overall, 2/5 stars because there’s just not much to do. Yerevan Park is probably a good place to visit, but I wouldn’t know, since I didn’t really have the chance to do so.

Love the country and it’s people

It’s a beautiful country, intelligent people who are trying to overcome their poverty. I have been their 4 times, spend time in classrooms, interacted with teachers, worked on a Habitat house and helped with major renovations to two schools. I’ve kept contact with our interpreters.

Cars are prioritized over pedestrians in Yerevan. Be careful. They are always backing up and walkers beware. Walking on narrow streets and back alleys is particularly stressful. Cars drive very close to you if you don’t get out of their way quickly. I live her and I decided one day to stop dodging them and make them watch out for me.


Armenia, a hidden treasure in the Caucasus, mesmerized me with its rich history, warm hospitality, and stunning landscapes. From ancient monasteries to mouthwatering cuisine, this country exceeded my expectations. The friendly locals and breathtaking scenery, including Mount Aragats and Lake Sevan, make Armenia a must-visit destination.

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Article Contents

  • Overall Risk
  • Transport & Taxis Risk
  • Pickpockets Risk
  • Natural Disasters Risk
  • Mugging Risk
  • Terrorism Risk
  • Women Travelers Risk
  • Weather Averages (Temperatures)
  • User Reviews
  • Share Your Experience

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Darong Women’s Lounge Two-piece Set

Although this lounge set may have just hit Amazon's virtual shelves , it's already received high praise from shoppers for its “soft and buttery” feel and “comfortable and stretchy" fit. I’m a comfort queen, so as you can imagine, I placed an order for one as soon as I saw it drop. I can’t wait to wear it for all of my low-impact workouts (think: Pilates and walking) and to the airport. Plus, each of the pieces in this set are super versatile, which means that you can wear the T-shirt with your favorite bottoms and the super-soft pants to bed, for running errands, and beyond. 

July’s Song Women’s Five-piece Athletic Set

There are plenty of excellent, top-rated choices in this round-up, but few are as good of a deal as this athletic set that comes with a sports bra, T-shirt, hoodie, leggings, and a pair of spandex shorts for a mere $45 (thanks to an on-site coupon that you need to clip before checkout). It's functional, comfortable, and grants you countless mixing-and-matching capabilities. Wear the hoodie and the leggings on the trails or the shorts and T-shirt to the hotel pool — with this set, the world is yours. 

Zesica Women’s Two-piece Lounge Set

The best athleisure sets are made with materials that move with you, not against you, and this duo has exactly that with its soft and flexible polyester-spandex blend. Beyond the gym, the simple jogger pants and cropped sweater combination lends itself well to an array of environments. Available in 19 different colors, there’s a shade (or two) for everyone, but if I were you, I’d go ahead and choose one sooner than later because it's on sale for just $35 this weekend. 

Glamaker Women’s Oversized Bike Shorts T-shirt Set

Considering how many pairs of spandex shorts that I have in my closet, I may as well be the president of the bike short fan club. They’re longer and more compressive than my running shorts, which means that I feel comfortable wearing them out in public, yet still short enough to keep me from overheating compared to a full-length pair of leggings. If you don’t already have a pair in your collection, consider shopping for this set that comes with a pair of bike shorts (that go just above your knee) and a breathable T-shirt that can be worn with or without them. It's the do-it-all athleisure set that doubles as a cute outfit for a laidback travel day. 

ToBeInStyle Women’s Velour Tracksuit 

Between its luxurious velvet feel and style that's reminiscent of the early 2000s, this velour tracksuit may just be the travel outfit of my dreams. Aside from its very obvious aesthetically pleasing look, it's “ great for traveling ," according to shoppers — especially "on planes [because the] fabric is not too heavy yet comfortable and functional.” And as an extra treat, it’ll only set you back $36. 

Coofandy Men’s Sweatsuit 

Amazon also has plenty of two-piece travel outfits for men as well, starting with this on-sale duo from Coofandy. Complete with a cozy zip-up hoodie and a pair of extra-soft sweatpants, it's the exact type of outfit that you want in your wardrobe if you prioritize comfort as much as I do. It's also made with a lightweight, breathable material, so although it’ll keep you warm, you can easily add or remove layers depending on the temperature of your destination or the plane cabin thermostat. 

Uni Clau Men’s Short Tracksuit

If you have your eyes set on something that can accommodate the warm weather a bit more, then this short-sleeve and shorts set is for you. It's made with a cotton-spandex-polyester blend that’s equally excellent for gym sessions, long travel days, and outdoor adventures. I also audibly laughed when I read this review appreciating that its matching look is “easy to wear, coordinated for those clothing challenged, and great for travel.”

Pinksavior Women’s Workout Set

When I read that one shopper urged other customers to “run to buy this” matching workout set, I knew that I had found a winner. That same reviewer went on to gush over its comfortable and stretchy yet secure fit, adding that they’re already planning on buying it in a few more colors. So, follow their lead and add a set (or two) to your cart especially while it's on sale for $27. 

Lingswallow Two-piece Shorts Lounge Set

If you really want to stretch your wardrobe, then you should add this matching shorts and tank set to your cart while it's $27 thanks to an on-site coupon). Hear me out, everyone needs a go-to pair of shorts for lounging around the house or outside in the summertime, and a racerback tank is a capsule wardrobe must that can be layered or worn as is.

Nova Active Women’s Athletic Set

One of my favorite, go-to travel outfits is a pair of comfy leggings, a well-fitted sports bra, and a relaxed hoodie. This particular set includes a majority of my airport outfit staples, and according to shoppers, it surpasses even pricier activewear options in terms of performance and comfort. Available in eight different colors — ranging from eye-catching green to neutral nudes —  you really can’t beat this deal. 

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Airport firefighters set to strike nationally, threatening school holiday travel plans

Wes Garrett stands with his arms crossed between two taller firefighters dressed in navy shirts.

Aviation firefighters at major Australian airports are set to strike on April 15 amid claims from their union that a shortage of aviation fire and rescue firefighters is putting air passengers at risk.

United Firefighters Union Australia (UFUA) says it has leaked documents from employer Airservices Australia showing an "extreme risk" at 13 airports, and "high risk" at 14 others.

The planned work stoppage is due to affect 27 airports around the country and run for 4 hours from 6am.

The action threatens to disrupt school holiday travel plans as students in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory begin their two-week term break and those in other states return to begin term two.

UFUA has claimed that government-owned air navigation regulator Airservices Australia has failed to address resourcing issues, but the regulator has hit back, saying staffing levels are adequate.

The union's aviation branch secretary, Wes Garrett, told ABC radio the "primary concern" of every aviation firefighter was the "safety of air travellers that they have sworn to protect and the safety of their fellow crew members".

"These leaked documents confirm that Australia's air travellers face a dire risk every time they set foot on an aircraft in Australia, should an incident occur," Mr Garrett said.

"At 13 major airports across Australia, including Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide, the leaked documents confirm that air travellers face extreme risk."

He said air travellers at 14 remaining airports across Australia, including Sydney, Canberra, and Hobart were at "high risk".

Mr Garrett added that the task resource analysis (TRA) of the service showed current staffing numbers were "well below what they ought to be".

"What we say is that the outcomes and risk identified in those processes needs to be reflected in our enterprise agreement," he said.

Two firefighters stand and look at aviation firefighters union secretary  Wes Garrett as he speaks.

He said the TRA was an internationally recognised methodology for determining the amount of firefighters, trucks and resources required to protect passengers in the event of a worst-case scenario at an Australian airport.

"Disgracefully, Airservices have known about the dire risk to air travellers should an incident occur since 2022 and have refused to release the documents to the Union or the public," he said.

Mr Garrett said the staffing concerns topped the list of 26 items on a log of claims that were sought to be resolved in the current enterprise bargaining negotiations, which began last October.

"We don't seem to be making any progress whatsoever," he said.

"These resource shortages include a lack of key personnel to operate breathing apparatus, shortages of firefighting agents to suppress multiple incidents, insufficient personnel and vehicles to protect both sides of a crashed aircraft, a lack of personnel for effective fire ground command and control, and a lack of procedural control at Australia's airports."

The union is seeking a 20 per cent pay increase over three years, while Airservices Australia has offered 11.2 per cent over three years.

Mr Garrett said the timing of the strike action had "coincidentally" fallen during school holidays for some states.

"I don't think there is any convenient time for a work stoppage when it comes to aviation and I think that should really actually inspire Airservices to get in and settle the deal as soon as possible so that there aren't any stoppages and there's no inconvenience to the public."

Airservices Australia said the union's action was motivated by its bid for a pay rise as part of the ongoing employment agreement negotiations.

In a statement, Airservices Australia said the dispute had "nothing to do with staffing levels" which were sufficient to meet operational requirements.

It added that the TRAs "do not measure current state operational risk".

"The risk assessments included in the TRA process are based on theoretical scenarios that do not account for the likelihood of an event occurring or reflect the current operational environment," the statement said.

"Airservices conducts operational risk assessments to capture and define the management of risks and manage them to a level that is as low as reasonably practicable, and the TRA documentation states that Airservices' existing processes are both effective and appropriate for current levels of operational risk."

"Airservices has sufficient ARFF personnel to meet our regulatory obligations and is investing $1 billion over the next 10 years in equipment and facilities for our Aviation Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) crews."

The statement said the union's bargaining claims would cost the aviation industry and passengers an extra $128 million.

Airservices Australia said it would work with the airlines and airports to maintain safe operations and minimise any impact on the travelling public during the planned work stoppage.

General manager of people and culture at Adelaide Airport Dermot O'Neill said he was unsure "precisely what impact there might be on operations" at the airport, which was about to embark on its busiest month since the pandemic.

"At this stage, it's our intention to keep in touch with Air Services and we will provide any relevant updates to our customers via our social media channels and no doubt airlines will be doing the same thing," he said.

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Russian foreign minister to travel to China on Monday

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Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov is planning to meet his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Beijing next week to discuss several key issues, including the war in Ukraine, the Foreign Ministry in Moscow said on Sunday.

Lavrov is set to visit China on Monday and Tuesday, with the talks also expected to cover the situation in the Asia-Pacific region and bilateral cooperation in the framework of international organizations like the UN, the BRICS group of important emerging economies - meaning Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - and the G20 group of leading industrialized and emerging economies.

Lavrov and Wang last met in October in Beijing, and held talks in Moscow in September.

While Western countries are trying to isolate Moscow in light of Russia's all-out invasion of Ukraine, Beijing, outwardly neutral but backing Russia, remains the Kremlin's most important ally. Chinese President Xi Jinping called Putin an "old friend" at a meeting last autumn.

Trade between Russia, which is affected by Western sanctions, and the world's second-largest economy is also flourishing.

China has proposed a peace plan to the war in Ukraine, launched by Russian President Vladimir Putin on February 24, 2022, though on terms Kiev finds itself unable to accept.

Last month, top Ukrainian politicians and officials in Kiev once again appealed for support for a solution to the war at a meeting with Chinese special envoy Li Hui.

Ukraine insists that only President Volodymyr Zelensky's peace plan, which foresees the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from all occupied Ukrainian territories, should be implemented.

Russia denies Zelensky's plan as "unrealistic."

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People in the US: share your ‘modern wedding etiquette’ suggestions

Have you asked for cash gifts from your guests, rather than a stainless steel dining set? We want to hear from you

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Some couples might want to enjoy their special day without kids running around screaming. Is it OK to implement a no-children rule for your big day?

We want to hear your suggestions for “modern wedding etiquette”. What do you think about asking for cash gifts from your guests, rather than a stainless steel dining set? Or forgoing favors for your guests – which more often than not, end up thrown in the trash or forgotten in a drawer?

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