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Domestic tourism in the U.S. - statistics & facts

Popular types of domestic vacations in the u.s., are americans all work and no play, key insights.

Detailed statistics

Domestic travel spending in the U.S. 2019-2022

U.S. domestic business travel spending 2019-2026

Share of domestic travelers in the U.S. 2022-2023

Editor’s Picks Current statistics on this topic

Travel, Tourism & Hospitality

Number of domestic leisure and business trips in the U.S. 2019-2026

Annual growth of domestic trips in the U.S. 2019-2026

Further recommended statistics

  • Premium Statistic Number of domestic tourists and visitors in the U.S. 2010-2021
  • Premium Statistic Share of domestic travelers in the U.S. 2022-2023
  • Premium Statistic U.S. adults that plan to travel domestically in the next year 2023
  • Premium Statistic Most visited states in the U.S. 2022
  • Premium Statistic Amount of states visited by U.S. citizens 2022

Number of domestic tourists and visitors in the U.S. 2010-2021

Number of domestic tourists and visitors in the United States from 2010 to 2021 (in millions)

Share of adults that have traveled domestically in the United States from October 2022 to July 2023

U.S. adults that plan to travel domestically in the next year 2023

Share of adults that plan to travel domestically for leisure in the next 12 months in the United States from January to July 2023

Most visited states in the U.S. 2022

Most visited states by adults in the United States as of September 2022

Amount of states visited by U.S. citizens 2022

Number of states visited by adults in the United States as of September 2022

Trips & spending

  • Premium Statistic Number of domestic leisure and business trips in the U.S. 2019-2026
  • Premium Statistic Annual growth of domestic trips in the U.S. 2019-2026
  • Premium Statistic Yearly growth of domestic leisure trips in the U.S. 2019-2026
  • Premium Statistic Growth rate of domestic business trips in the U.S. 2017-2026
  • Premium Statistic Domestic travel spending in the U.S. 2019-2022
  • Premium Statistic U.S. household expenditure on owned vacation homes 2007-2021
  • Premium Statistic U.S. domestic business travel spending 2019-2026

Number of domestic business and leisure trips in the United States from 2019 to 2022, with a forecast until 2026 (in billions)

Annual growth of domestic trips in the United States from 2019 to 2022, with a forecast until 2026

Yearly growth of domestic leisure trips in the U.S. 2019-2026

Annual growth in the number of domestic leisure trips in the United States from 2019 to 2022, with a forecast to 2026

Growth rate of domestic business trips in the U.S. 2017-2026

Percentage change in the number of trips made by domestic business tourists in the United States from 2017 to 2022, with forecast until 2026

Domestic travel spending in the United States from 2019 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars)

U.S. household expenditure on owned vacation homes 2007-2021

Average annual expenditure on owned vacation homes per consumer unit in the United States from 2007 to 2021 (in U.S. dollars)

Expenditure of domestic business tourists in the United States from 2019 to 2022, with forecast until 2026 (in billion U.S. dollars)

  • Basic Statistic Thanksgiving holiday travelers in the U.S. 2013-2023, by transport method
  • Premium Statistic Independence Day travelers in the U.S. 2015-2023, by mode of transport
  • Basic Statistic Number of Memorial Day travelers in the U.S. 2019-2023, by transportation
  • Basic Statistic Leading Mardi Gras cities in the U.S. 2023

Thanksgiving holiday travelers in the U.S. 2013-2023, by transport method

Forecast number of Thanksgiving holiday travelers in the United States from 2013 to 2023, by mode of transport (in millions)

Independence Day travelers in the U.S. 2015-2023, by mode of transport

Number of Independence Day travelers in the United States from 2015 to 2023, by mode of transport (in millions)

Number of Memorial Day travelers in the U.S. 2019-2023, by transportation

Number of Memorial Day travelers in the United States from 2019 to 2023, by mode of transportation (in millions)

Leading Mardi Gras cities in the U.S. 2023

Best cities to visit for Mardi Gras in the United States in 2023 (index score)

Outdoor recreation

  • Premium Statistic Campground and RV park industry market size in the U.S. 2011-2022
  • Premium Statistic Campground and RV park industry business count in the U.S. 2013-2023
  • Premium Statistic U.S. public interest in visiting national parks 2022
  • Premium Statistic Motivations for visiting national parks in the U.S. 2022
  • Premium Statistic Most visited National Park Service sites in the U.S. 2023

Campground and RV park industry market size in the U.S. 2011-2022

Market size of the campgrounds and RV park sector in the United States from 2011 to 2022 (in billion U.S. dollars)

Campground and RV park industry business count in the U.S. 2013-2023

Number of businesses in the campgrounds and RV park sector in the United States from 2013 to 2022, with a forecast for 2023 (in 1,000s)

U.S. public interest in visiting national parks 2022

Public interest level in visiting national parks in the United States as of September 2022

Motivations for visiting national parks in the U.S. 2022

Most common reasons for interest in visiting national parks in the United States as of September 2022

Most visited National Park Service sites in the U.S. 2023

Most visited National Park Service sites in the United States in 2023 (in millions)

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TravelHowTo

What Does Domestic Travel Mean? (Examples Included)

Travel is the activity of embarking on a long journey. It suggests leaving one place and ending up somewhere another, with some meaningful experience in between.

This article will go over the differences between domestic and international travel, examples of domestic travel, and some of the advantages of domestic travel over international travel.

What is domestic travel?

Domestic travel refers to traveling within one’s own country for work or pleasure, while international travel refers to traveling to a different country. Domestic travel can also mean any flight that departs and returns within the same country’s borders.

Domestic travel examples

Differences between domestic and international travel, benefits of domestic travel, is driving considered domestic travel.

what-is-domestic-travel

Domestic travel in the UK

The United Kingdom has a thriving domestic travel industry. In 2017/2018, 100.6 million domestic overnight trips and 1.5 billion domestic day visits were made. Domestic overnight trips in the UK totaled £19 billion, while domestic day trips totaled £50.1 billion. All of this contributes to the UK economy.

The most popular domestic travel destinations in the United Kingdom include;

  • The Tower of London
  • Westminster Abbey
  • Kew Gardens
  • St Paul’s Cathedral
  • Chester Zoo
  • Windermere Boat Cruises, Bowness
  • Yorkshire’s Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo
  • Drayton Manor Theme Park

As can be seen from the list above, most of the locations are in London, the capital city of the United Kingdom. The majority of domestic tourist activities in the United Kingdom are centered on preserving natural or heritage sites or on theme parks.

Domestic travel in the United States of America

The following are the most popular domestic tourism locations in the United States:

  • Alaskan Cruise, Alaska
  • Orlando, Florida
  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Maui, Hawaii
  • New York City, New York
  • Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Hawaiian Cruise, Hawaii
  • Miami Beach, Florida
  • Washington, DC
  • Los Angeles, California

It comes as no surprise to me that the domestic travel sector in the United States is worth so much. Day trip numbers grew from 39.4 million in 2016 to 48.0 million in 2017.

In 2017, the number of overnight journeys climbed to 44.4 million. The United States of America is a large country with a wide range of exploration opportunities, from the snows of Alaska to the heat of Miami.

Domestic travel in India

India is home to some of the world’s most magnificent natural and cultural heritage sites, making it a popular destination for international travelers and local travelers. Domestic tourism in India accounts for 9.4 percent of the country’s total GDP.

The top seven states for domestic travel are as follows:

  • State of Uttar Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • State of Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka\sMaharashtra

Given the diversity of attractions and the country’s sheer size, the domestic tourism business in India is tremendous, not to mention that many Indians cannot afford to travel internationally.

Domestic travel in South Africa

South Africa is becoming a popular domestic travel destination. The Minister of Tourism in South Africa has promoted The National Tourism Sector Policy (NTSS), a strategy that focuses on domestic travel and contributes to a sustainable tourism economy.

South Africa has a plethora of wildlife and environment reserve locations that draw domestic tourists. South Africa’s top tourist locations, according to the South African Tourism Board, are as follows:

  • The Winelands
  • Garden Route
  • Johannesburg
  • Kruger National Park
  • Durban Beachfront
  • Robben Island
  • Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve

Domestic travel in China

China has been exceptionally successful in promoting domestic tourism, and it is currently one of the world’s major domestic tourism markets. With its commercialized industries and massive skyscrapers.

In 2018, domestic travel produced 5.13 trillion yuan ($764 billion US dollars) in revenue. a 12.3 percent increase over 2017. China has a lot of buried cultural heritage that is often overlooked or ignored. Here are some of the top 9 domestically visited places in China.

  • Great wall of China

Domestic and international travel and some huge differences. Let’s find out what those differences are.

Having the necessary documents (visa and passport)

Depending on your destination, you can travel within your own country with your ID card, but you will most likely need a passport to visit another country.

If you are from the European Union and travel to a country that is a member of the European Union, you can use your ID card.

However, if you wish to visit the United States or another country, you’ll need a passport and, most likely, a visa. It takes time and money to secure these documents.

A passport may be used several times, but if the place you are visiting requires a visa, you will need one for each of your journeys, which means a larger expense for your trip.

Flights and accommodations

Domestic accommodations and flights are easier to find than foreign ones. Of course, it all comes down to when you want to visit a given location.

If you travel to a city during a major event, all of the accommodations will probably be filled, the costs will be higher, and flights will be more difficult to get.

Insurance for travel

You will require travel insurance if you are traveling to another country. Domestic travel does not necessitate the purchase of such additional insurance.

You know exactly what your current insurance covers; however, you’ll need to conduct some preliminary research for international policies.

Travel cables, SIM cards, and medications

When traveling domestically, you may use your existing SIM card, you don’t need travel adaptors, and it’s easier to travel with the medications you require.

When traveling to a different country, you may need travel adaptors, and you may even need to purchase a local SIM card if the prices of mobile data or calls are so high that roaming is not an option.

You may need to have a doctor’s prescription or letter for the medications you are bringing with you.

New cultures and languages

Short excursions allow you to discover or revisit areas in your nation while also unwinding, something we all need to do from time to time. When you travel domestically, you know exactly what you’re going to receive.

You understand the culture, the language, and the history. You can still learn about local traditions and meet people who can provide you with information about visiting the area.

However, when you travel internationally, you get to experience new cultures and languages, as well as visit incredible sights that you’ve seen in movies, books, or postcards.

And seeing nations that are radically different from yours – temperature, culture, etc. – is a great experience. And, depending on where you are from, you may even be able to travel for less if you visit a budget-friendly country.

Currency Exchange

Domestic travelers don’t need to exchange their currency since they are visiting within the boundaries of their own country; hence, the currency is still the same. However, international travelers have to exchange their currency depending on the country they are willing to visit.

Contribution to the national economy

Domestic traveling redistributes money inside the country, while International traveling contributes to the country’s wealth.

Customs and Immigration

When entering or leaving any country (if it is not your own country), you must first go through immigration and customs. When you enter the country to which you are traveling, you must report any valuable objects you are bringing with you, and you may be required to pay taxes on them.

With a domestic flight, once you’ve cleared security, you’ll be on your way to your airline’s designated gate.

  • It is safer to travel within my own country than to a foreign country. Travelers place a high value on safety. Therefore, because you are familiar with the country’s safety system, i.e., you know how to contact the police department and report any violence.
  • Domestic travel is less expensive than international travel. Instead of flying, one can simply drive to their desired places.
  • It requires no documentation; when traveling within one’s own country, no passport, visa, or other documentation is required.
  • When you travel domestically, you won’t need to bring any special travel meds or a power adaptor, and there will be no language barrier at your destination.
  • Finding someplace to dine, stay, and go sightseeing is never a difficult process in such instances. A domestic tour allows you to stay in a location at a reasonable price. You can select a family hotel, apartment, camping site, or even a shared room based on your needs.
  • When you take domestic excursions, you contribute to the country’s economic progress. Tourism has been shown to have an impact on economic activity.
  • Even if you have lived in your nation for many years, you will never know everything about it. Domestic tourists love adventure activities, authentic food, unique clothes, and shopping for handicrafts.

The simple answer is yes.

Driving in any state necessitates the possession of a valid driver’s license. Before you travel, make sure your car is insured and that you have a valid insurance sticker displayed on your vehicle as proof of insurance (seek advice from your insurer on the available insurance options).

Also, make sure you have an original or, at the absolute least, a photocopy of your car Log Book with you. This emerging tendency is informally defined as driving through a destination and capturing only one or two highlights before leaving.

Drive traveling saves not only money but also saves time. You get numerous mini-vacations for the price of one, as well as an unforgettable adventure along the way.

Related: Can you drive to America from the UK

Ultimately, it all comes down to individual interests. A domestic journey takes less time to plan than an international excursion. Domestic travel is frequently less expensive, and there are numerous reasons you should consider traveling locally.

In many ways, both sorts of travel are fulfilling. You get to unwind and visit beautiful spots in your nation or another. Domestic tourism is a significant economic contributor in many destinations, particularly in large countries or where locals do not frequently have the means to go overseas.

Domestic travel is travel within one’s own country.

What is International travel?

International travel refers to the movement of people from one country to another for the purpose of leisure, business, or educational purposes. It requires proper documentation such as a passport and a visa, depending on the country of origin and destination. Travelers must also be aware of the customs, laws, and cultural norms of the countries they are visiting.

https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-domestic-and-vs-international-toaurism/ https://www.nerdwallet.com/article/finance/drivers-license-enough-domestic-flights https://blog.usecheep.com/posts/domestic-flight-vs-international-what-are-the-differences-between-the-two https://www.torontosom.ca/blog/the-difference-between-international-and-domestic-tourism/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_tourism

what is domestic tour

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The difference between international and domestic tourism

The difference between international and domestic tourism

  • Hospitality & Tourism

What is Tourism?

Tourism can be broadly defined as the act of traveling to destinations outside one’s residence for the purpose of leisure, recreation, business, or other objectives. It covers a wide range of activities, such as sightseeing, cultural experiences, ecotourism, and others. But looking at the bigger picture, it is a complex and varied industry that has a significant impact on the global landscape.

Tourism has a tremendous impact on the global economy , contributing to create job opportunities, develop infrastructure, and promote cultural exchange. Tourism can be linked into two closely linked concepts: domestic tourism and international tourism.

What is Domestic Tourism?

Domestic tourism involves traveling within one’s own country for leisure, recreation, or business purposes. It entails exploring places, landmarks, and accommodations that are situated within the country’s borders. Domestic tourists are considered those who engage in short-term travel within their own country.

Destinations under domestic tourism are easily accessible for residents, typically located within a manageable driving distance or a short flight away. is generally more affordable compared to international travel, as it avoids expenses like airfare, visas, and currency exchange fees.

What is International Tourism?

International tourism is the act of traveling to foreign countries or territories for leisure, business, or various other reasons. International tourism plays a vital role in global economies through fostering economic growth and generating career opportunities.

International tourism promotes cross-cultural exchange and understanding as tourists engage with individuals from diverse backgrounds and traditions. While international tourists might experience challenges such as language barriers, it’s all part of the experience and others see it as an opportunity to learn different languages. Most tourists visit historical landmarks and natural wonders, explore the country’s culinary highlights, and other adventures the country has to offer.

What’s the Difference Between Domestic and International Tourism?

The following table will help you determine the general differences between domestic and international tourism:

Why Are Tourists Favouring Domestic Tourism Over International Tourism?

There are a number of reasons why people would favour domestic travel over foreign travel. Among the most common reasons are:

  •  Cost: Domestic travel generally entails shorter distances and lower travel expenses than international travel.
  •  Language and cultural barriers: Domestic tourism may be more enticing to travellers who are not comfortable traveling to a foreign country where they may be unfamiliar with the language and culture.
  •  Familiarity: Exploring one’s own country can be less overwhelming as there may be fewer changes to adapt to.
  •  Time: Domestic tourism may be more convenient for those who have limited time for vacation, as it typically involves shorter travel times.
  •  Economic advantages: By supporting local companies and job-generating opportunities, domestic tourism can help boost the economy of one’s own country.

What Should You Consider Before Going on a Domestic or International Trip?

There are several things to consider before embarking on a trip, whether domestic or international. Some of these include:

  •  Budget: Determine how much money you will need for the trip. Be sure to allocate funds for transportation, lodging, food, and any attractions or activities you’d like to see or do.
  •  Documentation: For those looking to travel internationally, it’s important to prepare the necessary documentation, such as a passport and visa, well in advance and keep them on your person during your transit.
  •  Activities: Research and plan out the activities and attractions you want to experience during your trip.
  •  Travel insurance: Consider getting travel insurance as a safeguard against unforeseen circumstances like trip cancellations or health concerns.
  •  Health and safety: Research the health and safety protocols at your travel destination and ensure that you are able to comply with them, including getting vaccinated, masking, or purchasing travel insurance that covers medical emergencies.

If you’re interested in joining this sector,  check out TSoM’s academic opportunities in hospitality and tourism .

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What is the difference between international and domestic tourism?

The main difference between international and domestic tourism is the destination of travel. International tourism involves traveling outside of one’s own country, while domestic tourism involves traveling within one’s own country.

  • What does domestic mean vs international?

Within the context of tourism, the term “domestic” pertains to activities, destinations, or travel that takes place within the borders of one’s own country of residence. On the other hand, “international” refers to activities, places, or travel that extends outside national borders.

  • What is domestic tourism?

Domestic tourism refers to traveling within one’s own country for leisure, recreation, or business reasons.

  • Why is domestic tourism better?

There are several advantages to domestic tourism when compared to international tourism, such as accessibility, the local country’s economic growth, sustainability, and more

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What is Domestic Tourism?

What is domestic tourism

For many, travelling abroad is a luxury and is something that is done once or twice a year. Saving up to enjoy one or two weeks in a foreign country is what helps to get us through the working day. Whether you want to visit a lovely, warm destination for a relaxing beach holiday, or somewhere a little bit different such as one of our experience holidays , the time away from the stresses and strains of everyday life is invaluable. When we’re away, visiting foreign countries, it gives us an opportunity to learn about new places, and discover the history and culture of the towns and cities. But this isn’t just restricted to far-flung locations as it is entirely possible to be a tourist in your own country. This is a branch of tourism called Domestic Tourism, the act of holidaying within the country that you live, often called a staycation in the UK. In this article, we’ll be looking at reasons why you should be a tourist in your own country, as well as visiting other locations around the world, the benefits of domestic tourism and the downsides that come with it.

Yellow vintage campervan at sunset

Whether you’re in the UK, or any other country across the world, chances are you like to get away for at least one week per year to a different country. Maybe you want a sunny holiday for relaxing by the sea, or perhaps a cold break to hit the slopes with your skis and snowboard, we all want our own slice of paradise! Unfortunately, with the cost of flights and accommodation, and annual leave entitlement limiting holiday time, we’re not always able to go abroad as often as we may like. This means we spend more time thinking about going on holiday and less time actually on holiday! This is where domestic tourism steps in.

Men stood behind a campervan

Benefits of Domestic Tourism

For the most part, foreign holidays often require more planning than domestic breaks away; booking flights, reserving accommodation, arranging airport parking, transfers and currency are all necessities and can be very time-consuming! A staycation eliminates these, for the most part, meaning you can book where your staying, get in the car and go! Admittedly, there are very few downsides to foreign travel, and when we’re in ‘holiday mode’, these snags are barely noticed, but we thought we’d mention them anyway. The multi-stage travel process can be laborious; travelling to the airport, then flying to your destination, then travelling to your accommodation – something that annoys us more on the journey home than it does on the journey out.

Although domestic holidaying in the UK can be expensive at times, and occasionally more costly than foreign travel, typically the cost of heading abroad is higher than staying in the UK, something to consider if you’re watching the pennies! It’s also worth pointing out that it’s not necessary to head to exotic destinations to find beautiful landscapes, picturesque coastlines or fascinating landmarks as there are likely plenty within your own country. Language is a factor that belongs in both ‘for’ and ‘against’ when it comes to domestic travel. With people on either side of the fence, we’ll let you decide whether it is your preference to visit a place that speaks a different language or not.

Man and women sat in campervan

Down Sides to Domestic Tourism

The obvious downside to domestic travel is that you won’t be visiting another country. For many, a holiday isn’t a holiday unless you’re heading abroad to one of the many diverse and beautiful nations of the globe. Although there are distinct differences between the towns and cities in the UK, it’s not quite as different as visiting one of the other 190+ countries of the globe that’s waiting to be discovered. Another disadvantage of domestic tourism is that although the UK has a range of locations and regions, it’s only diverse to a point. This means that you will NEED to travel to another country to experience a broader range of things, whether this is to see monuments, visit cities or experience other cultures. Many people say that travel broadens the mind, and with this in mind, you should remember that visiting other countries will allow you to witness first hand how other people from around the world live. There are limitless traditions, recipes, cultures and ways of living out there that could be perfect for you, so why not go out there and find them?

Tents in campsite at sunset

Here at Untravelled Paths, we live for travelling to other parts of the world, especially those places many people have not visited. Whether this is Romania, Ethiopia or any other far-flung county, we think that travel allows you to broaden your horizons and become a well-rounded individual. That said, it’s also important to recognise and appreciate the country that you live in. Domestic travel shouldn’t replace international travel, merely complement it. So if you fancy taking a wander down an untravelled path, get in touch to book your next adventure!

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Tourism Teacher

What is a tour operator and how does it work?

Disclaimer: Some posts on Tourism Teacher may contain affiliate links. If you appreciate this content, you can show your support by making a purchase through these links or by buying me a coffee . Thank you for your support!

The tour operator is an integral component of tourism , yet many people are unclear about what a tour operator actually is or what they do.

In this article I will explain what a tour operator is and why tour operators are important. I will also talk about what the difference between a tour operator and a travel agent is, as well as the different types of tour operators.

What is a tour operator?

Definitions of tour operator, importance of tour operators, the difference between a tour operator and a travel agent, what does a tour operator do, products and services sold by tour operators, inbound tour operators, outbound tour operators, domestic tour operators, ground tour operators, the association of independent tour operators, the tour operator: to conclude.

Tour operators are inextricably linked to the package holiday model. The tour operator is the person or organisation who creates the package. A travel agency is then used to sell the package holiday.

In the chain of distribution , the tour operator is represented by the term ‘wholesaler’. This is because the tour operator is responsible for purchasing products of services in bulk and then redistributing them as a packaged product to consumers.

To put it simply, a tour operator is the person or organisation who takes the individual elements of a holiday (e.g. transfer, hotel, transport) and packages these together.

The types of package vary. Most commonly, tour operators are associated with mass tourism and the traditional package holiday market. However, tour operators do also play an important role in the production of niche tourism products and services too.

If you’re looking for a formal definition of a tour operator with a reputable source, you may want to reference Polyther, who in 1993, defined the tour operator as;

‘[an organisation or person] who has the responsibility of putting the tour ingredients together, marketing it, making reservations and handling actual operation’.

Similarly, Holloway (1992) states that;

tour operations undertake a distinct function in the tourism industry, they purchase separate e lements of tourism products/services and combine them into a package tour which they sell directly or indirectly to the tourists .

The Organisation for Economic and Cultural Development (OECD) define a tour operator as follows;

‘Tour operators are businesses that combine two or more travel services (e.g., transport, accommodation, meals, entertainment, sightseeing) and sell them through travel agencies or directly to final consumers as a single product (called a package tour) for a global price. The components of a package tour might be pre-established or can result from an “a la carte” procedure, in which the visitor decides the combination of services he/she wishes to acquire.’

Tour operators are an important part of the tourism industry .

Tour operators make the logistics of organising a holiday much easier for the consumer. This makes people more likely to travel, more often.

Tour operators have a lot of power. If they choose to sell holidays in a particular location, for example, then that location will receive many of the associated positive and negative economic impacts of tourism .

Tour operators are often vertically or horizontally integrated with other organisations, such as travel agents and airlines. This allows for easier management and distribution of products.

Tour operators typically build holidays en masse. This means that economies of scale play a key role in driving down prices- the more you produce the cheaper the product becomes! This is obviously beneficial to the consumer and helps travel agents to have a competitive advantage when selling holidays.

Many people are not aware that a travel agent and a tour operator are actually two totally different organisations and they are not aware of the difference between a tour operator and a travel agent.

In fact, it is quite easy to understand this difference!

A tour operator is the organisation which puts the different elements of a holiday together. And the travel agent is the organisation who sells it to the consumer.

Whilst this differentiation is pretty easy to comprehend, it is easy to understand why people get tour operators and travel agents confused. This is largely because many organisations will operate under the same company. For example, TUI has a tour operator and a travel agent (and an airline too). As a result, many people do not realise that in actual fact, there are two separate organisations doing two separate jobs.

parked boat

Ultimately, a tour operator is responsible for putting the different elements of a holiday together into a commodified package.

To do this, there are a number of different roles and responsibilities that tour operator staff will have. This includes:

  • Data analysis- which destinations will sell best, how many holidays should they sell etc
  • Assessing suitability of accommodation, transfer and transport options
  • Liaising with stakeholders e.g. coach operators, airlines, hoteliers and resort representatives
  • Negotiating contracts
  • Confirming reservations with airlines/hotels
  • Managing and responding to customer feedback
  • Undertaking market research
  • Production of marketing material
  • Providing pricing information
  • Handling bookings, invoicing and issuing of tickets
  • Working with travel consultants from different travel agencies to put holiday packages together

Tour operators have a number of products and services that they sell, depending on their specific business model, business intentions and target market. A tour operator will typically package together two of more elements to form a packaged product, which is then sold at an inclusive price.

Examples include:

  • Package holidays
  • Accommodation
  • Information on destinations
  • Representative service in resorts

Types of tour operator

Tour operators come in all shapes and sizes. Some are large, multinational organisations and other are small, independent business.

Different types of tour operators develop products for different types of tourism . This can include the mass market, niche tourism market, special interest tourism, the luxury market, tailor-made products and dynamic packages .

great wall of china

There are four different types of tour operators, which I will explain below.

  • Inbound Tour Operators
  • Outbound Tour Operators
  • Domestic Tour Operators
  • Ground Operators

The tour operator. types of tour operators.

An inbound tour operator is one who facilitates inbound tourism .

The aim of an inbound tour operator is to bring tourists in to a particular country or countries.

Inbound tour operators will often collaborate with local travel agencies and transport operators to facilitate travel arrangements for their customers.

Inbound tour operator example: A group of German tourists conduct a tour of China, encompassing a visit to Shanghai , Hangzhou and the Yellow Mountains . The tour operator who organises their travel is Chinese-based company China Highlights . This company is based locally in China and they offer local, Chinese tours.

An outbound tour operator is one who facilitates outbound tourism .

The aim of an outbound tour operator is to send tourists out of a particular country or countries.

Outbound tour operators will often collaborate with foreign travel agencies and transport operators to facilitate travel arrangements for their customers.

Outbound tour operator example : A family of four from Liverpool, UK want to book an all-inclusive summer sun holiday in Alicante. They book through TUI , the largest tour operator in Britain, who specialises in outbound travel. They are based in the UK, but they work with foreign partners to facilitate holidays overseas.

A domestic tour operator is one who facilitates domestic tourism .

The aim of a domestic tour operator is to organise travel within a particular country or countries.

Domestic tour operators will often collaborate with domestic travel agencies and transport operators to facilitate travel arrangements for their customers. Domestic tour operators will often also serve the inbound tourism market.

Domestic tour operator example : A group of twenty-something boys from Chicago want to travel to Florida for the spring break holiday. They want to do a tour of the local attractions in the area and have some time to relax on the beach . They organise their travel through the tour company, Trek America . Staff at this company are experts in domestic travel within the USA.

A ground tour operator is an organisation who dopes the ground work as grass roots level.

Many tour operators do not have connections in all places around the world, therefore they build a network of connections to help them run their business.

Essentially, some of the work is passed on to a third party, known as a ground operator. This work may include negotiating local contracts, liaising with local suppliers and providing market data, amongst other things.

This is especially common for small tour operators.

You may also hear ground tour operators referred to as handling operators or handling agents.

Ground tour operator example : A backpacker wants to ‘give something back’ and book a volunteer tourism holiday in Kerala. She wanted to use a known and trusted tour operator to book her trip so she booked it with Intrepid Travel . Intrepid Travel create and sell adventure holidays all over the world, and it is impossible for them to have contacts and every staff in every corner of the globe. Therefore they work with local ground operators, who do the work on the ground. In this instance, the ground organisation is Iris Travel – a tour operator based in Kerela, India.

The Association of Independent Tour Operators , abbreviated as AITO, is a travel industry trade group (like  ABTA  or ATOL) based in Britain. They launched in 1976.

The AITO represents around 120 independent  tour operators  across 200 countries.

These tour operators provide access to a huge range of activities including city breaks, safaris, luxury holidays and much more. The AITO is based in Twickenham, south-west London.

The AITO does a variety of things. Most importantly, you can be reassured that your holiday is well-protected thanks to the Association of Independent Tour Operators.

They assess every member financially as well as by their own business practice code before granting membership; this means that you are guaranteed clear and accurate descriptions of holidays as well as tour standards that are consistently monitored.

Tour operators are an important part of the tourism industry, and with AITO, you have added security when booking your travels through a tour operator. Hopefully after reading this article you are now confident with what a tour operator is, how these organisations work and the different types of tour operators operating the market.

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Domestic tourism

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what is domestic tour

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Domestic tourism can be described as tourism involving residents of one country traveling within their own country. It does not involve the crossing of international borders at entry points. As early recorded history provides a glimpse into ancient tourism activities, domestic tourism is in fact the first form of tourism practiced. It has been a well-established practice, happening in every country or region in the world. A strong relationship among tourism and visiting friends and relatives and religious pilgrimage has been found in countries with a long history of domestic tourism (Rogerson and Lisa 2005 ). On the contrary, mass domestic tourism has only recently emerged due to increased disposable income, introduction of labor rights associated with leisure and vacation , governmental policy about the deregulation of internal movement, and so on (Scheyvens 2007 ).

Tourism is essentially an activity engaged by human beings. The minimum necessary features that need to exist for it to be...

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Pierret, F. 2011 Some Points on Domestic Tourism. Madrid: World Tourism Organization.

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Rogerson, C., and Z. Lisa 2005 “Sho’t Left”: Changing Domestic Tourism in South Africa. Urban Forum 16(2-3): 88-111.

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Scheyvens, R. 2007 Poor Cousins No More: Valuing the Development Potential of Domestic and Diaspora Tourism. Progress in Development Studies 7:307-25.

Sindiga, I. 1996 Domestic Tourism in Kenya. Annals of Tourism Research 23:19-31.

Telfer, D., and G. Wall 2000 Strengthening Backward Economic Linkages: Local Food Purchasing by Three Indonesian Hotels. Tourism Geographies 2:421-447.

UNWTO 2012 Methodological Notes to the Tourism Statistics Database. Madrid: World Tourism Organization.

Xu, G. 1998 Domestic Tourism and its Economic Effect in Beidaihe: The Largest Seaside Resort of China. Pacific Tourism Review 2:43-52.

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Choo, H. (2015). Domestic tourism. In: Jafari, J., Xiao, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_255-1

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What is Inbound and Outbound Tourism?

by Hammad Ur Rehman | Oct 25, 2021 | Travel Guide | 6 comments

What is Inbound and Outbound Tourism

Don’t you just love traveling around the world and exploring different places? Staying or visiting different countries or states for the sake of fun-filled holidays or work-related visits, are termed tourism. Tourism can be of two types, Inbound tourism or Outbound Tourism. Now the question arises that what is inbound and outbound tourism?

Well, the difference between the two is just a matter of perspective, that is, from where and how you see it. In simple words, if we look from the USA tourism perspective, the outbound tourism would be Robert going to Pakistan, while inbound tourism would be, Ali coming to the USA. Similarly, if we look from a Pakistani tourism perspective, the outbound tourism would be Ali going to the USA, and the inbound tourism would be, Robert coming to Pakistan.

Let’s move on and further elaborate on these two types of tourism.

What is Inbound tourism?

Inbound tourism is economically significant for a country. The tourist countries economically rely on the inbound visitors to drive their maintenance, growth, and development.

What exactly is inbound tourism? In easy words, you can call it incoming tourism. Let’s move further to see the definitions, meanings, significance, drawbacks, and examples of inbound tourism.

Definition of inbound tourism

When someone travels to a country, other than their own country, for tourism, this is called inbound tourism.

Inbound tourism is frequently influenced by certain factors like:

  • Season or Weather
  • Public holidays
  • School’s summer or winter vacations

According to WTO (World Trade Organization) and UN (United States Nation), inbound tourism can be defined as follows:

“ The act of traveling to another country for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, or other purposes .”

Importance of inbound tourism

Through foreign exchange, tourism may bring a lot of wealth into a country. This is especially advantageous in places where the local exchange rate is cheaper as compared to visitors’ native currency. Therefore, inbound tourism has high significance in many countries mainly because of the benefits it provides economically.

Mostly, countries target specific nations for advertising and promoting their inbound tourism. For instance, in today’s era, Chinese people tend to spend more on traveling every year as compared to any other nation, plus, the greatest outbound tourism markets are also produced by China. Therefore, Chinese inbound tourists are highly in demand by many tourist countries.

Drawbacks of inbound tourism

Depending entirely on income from the inbound tourism may cause problems. There are many places like Maldives, Goa, Fairy meadows, Greece, etc., whose economies rely on tourists from other countries.

The primary drawback of inbound tourism is that the place is at the hands of the transportation network. Many tourism industries have been ravaged as a result of airlines ceasing to operate a specific route. Cultural conflicts can also take place due to inbound tourism.

Some other disadvantages of inbound tourism include:

  • Disposal, contamination, and emissions are all on the rise.
  • Environmental and aquatic habitats are being physically harmed on a daily basis.
  • Inappropriate buildings are being built next to historical places and monuments.
  • Plenty of resources are being used up.
  • Building infrastructure and utilization of land.

Inbound Tourism examples

Now that we have a basic understanding of inbound tourism, let’s look at some practical examples.

If a person from one country travels to another country for tourism, then it’s an inbound tourist. For example, Ali is having a summer break from his university and wants to go abroad. So, he decides to go for tourism to France and enjoys his summer break there. This is an example of inbound tourism because Ali is coming from Pakistan to France for his vacation, and it is a tourist activity for him.

Likewise, Robert is also having a summer break from his school and wants to visit another country. So, he decides to go for tourism to Pakistan and enjoys his summer break there. This is also an example of inbound tourism because Robert is coming from America to Pakistan for his vacation, and it’s a tourist activity for him.

Generally, some of the countries that are renowned for inbound tourism include Maldives, Goa, Greece, etc.

What is outbound tourism?

Leaving your homeland for the sake of gaining international tourism experience has wide importance for many countries.

Let’s jump into detail and find out what is outbound tourism, how do we define it, the importance of outbound tourism has it got any disadvantages, and a few examples of outbound tourism.

Definition of outbound tourism

When a tourist travels or visits outside his or her country for the sake of tourism, but not for more than a year. This type of tourism is called outbound tourism.

The WTO (World Trade Organization) and UN (United States Nation) define outbound tourism as follows, “The act of leaving your home country internationally for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business or other purposes.”

Throughout the years, the market for outbound tourism has grown significantly. However, different regions of the world have different growth rates of the tourism market, but the factors leading to progress are similar.

Importance of outbound tourism

Outbound tourism also has a positive impact on the economy of the county. It provides economic improvements in a variety of industries such as education, healthcare, business, and retail, etc.

For example, the more people travel to foreign nations, the more their demands for products and services increase. Thus, it is a source of economic growth and prosperity for many countries.

This direction of tourism helps in increasing employment opportunities, foreign currency earnings, and trade balance. Thus, it is a source of economic growth and prosperity for many countries.

Within a very short period, China has become the largest source of outbound tourists. The increasing number of Chinese outbound tourists opens the gate of opportunities for tour group operating companies, hotels, national government ad retailers.

Drawbacks of outbound tourism

Apart from the advantages, there are a few disadvantages of outbound tourism as well. These drawbacks include the following:

  • Many outbound tourists spend a huge amount of money on international chains like KFC fast-food chains, which reduces the positive effects of tourism as the tourist is using money that has been taken out of his residence.
  • ·Sometimes, a country relies far too much on its outbound tourism market. For example, some Caribbean island nations depend on money from tourists to fund their entire economy and government, but this is a risky move as the tourism market is highly inconsistent, and a small incident can lead to a large drop in tourism.

Outbound tourism examples

Let’s go through an example of outbound tourism from the USA point of view:

John is a US citizen and has a passport to the USA. He wants to go for tourism so he can explore the international culture and experience new things. So, he goes for a tour to Spain with his family and friends. This is an example of outbound tourism because John has applied for a tourist visa and is traveling outside his country, USA.

Another example of outbound tourism from Spain’s perspective:

Robert is a tourist from Spain who wants to go for tourism in the USA, but he has no American visa. So, he goes for a tour to the UK with his family and friends. This is an example of outbound tourism because Robert has applied for a tourist visa and is traveling outside his country, Spain.

What is domestic tourism?

Until here, we discussed international inbound and outbound tourism. However, tourism can also be domestic. Now you would want to ask what is domestic tourism ?

Well, it’s very simple. In domestic tourism, the tourist visits different regions, cities, or towns of the same country where he/she resides. In easy words, domestic tourism is vacations spent within the same country you live in.

Let me give you an example of domestic tourism, Sarah lives in California, USA, and for her vacations, she visits Pennsylvania, USA.

Domestic tourism is used by the government to eradicate poverty, economic development, production of employments, infrastructure upgrades, reduce the load from overcrowding. For instance, If the government of California promotes domestic tourism within its state, then more people would come to visit various places in California, which are less popular, and it would boost the economy of California by providing employment opportunities to the people.

Also Learn: Domestic vs International Travel

Final Thoughts

In general, tourism contributes significantly to international trade and the provision of job opportunities in many nations. I hope this article has provided you with a clear picture of what are the types of tourism and why are they significant. All types of tourism are important for the economic growth of any nation.

Check our article on: What is FIT And GIT in The Tourism

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Tour Operators

Tour operator is an organization, firm, or company who buys individual travel components, separately from their suppliers and combines them into a package tour, which is sold with their own price tag to the public directly or through middlemen, is called a Tour Operator .

More precise tour operators are primarily responsible for delivering and performing the services specified in a given package tour. They can provide these services themselves as some have their own cars and coaches, hotels, and other travel-related services or can obtain these from the other suppliers. That is why they are called manufacturers of tourism products .

Tour operators are sometimes called wholesalers but this is partially true because a wholesaler buys goods and services in bulk at his own account to prepare a tour package and then retails it through the travel agencies or directly to clients. However, a tour operator who has his own one or more tourists products components, (SOTC, TCI, Thomas Cook, Indo Asia KUONI formulates a new tourist product for example ‘ inclusive tours .’

Tour operators generally offer a variety of package tours to cater to the needs of different kinds of travelers.

Definitions of Tour Operator

Poyther (1993) defines, “tour operator is  one who has the responsibility of putting the tour ingredients together, marketing it, making reservations and handling actual operation.”

Holloway (1992) stated that tour operations undertake a distinct function in the tourism industry, they purchase separate elements of tourism products/services and combine them into a package tour which they sell directly or indirectly to the tourists.

Today, tour operators have become highly competitive. They endeavor to achieve a high volume of turnover, and maximum International and domestic market share by effectively operating. Moreover, the success of many developed and developing nations as tourists destinations depend heavily on a tour operator’s ability to attract tourists, development and promotion of tourism plant, diversification of tourism product and their social responsibilities to develop a remote and backward area.

Types of Tour Operators

Tour operators are basically categorized into four types . These are categories on the basis of their nature of the business and its operations.

Inbound Tour Operators

Outbound tour operators, domestic tour operators.

  • Ground Operators

These are also known as incoming tour operators . Technically, the operators who receive guests, clients/tourists, and handle arrangements in the host country are c alled inbound tour operators . For example, a group of American Tourists is coming through TCI Ltd. to India and the company makes arrangements and handles the group in India then TCI is called an inbound tour operator.

Incidentally, the inbound traffic to the country for the last two decades has been decreasing. Essentially the tour operators need to adopt innovative marketing strategies and should introduce a special interest tour to cater the special needs of Japanese, Americans, French and British people.

Tour operator who promote tours for foreign destinations, maybe business tour or leisure tour is called outbound tour operators . For example a group of American tourists going to a trip of India and Thomas Cook handle arrangement in America like as ticket reservation, hotel booking etc. then Thomas Cook is called Outbound Tour operators in the context of America.

Domestic tour operators are those who assemble, combine tourist components into inclusive tours and sell it to the domestic travelers. In general, these tour operators provide travel services within the tourist’s native country.

The domestic tour operators operate within the boundary of the home country and offer package tour to the travelers viz. Domestic inclusive tours or independent tours.

Ground Operators/Destination Management Companies

These are commonly known as handling agencies and their main function is to organize tour arrangements for incoming tourists on the behalf of overseas operators. Let us take the case of India as a destination that – has a varied culture.

When a tour operator himself promotes beach holidays, wildlife holidays, adventure tours, heritage tours at the different places, the difficulty arises. It is the ground operator then who by handling the incoming travelers in the same season but at different places ensures that the entire operation is according to the package tours or agreements.

Sometime when a handling agency is at a prominent tourist place i.e., Delhi and it has to make arrangements to Goa, then it contracts (If it has no office of its own) with a local operator (known as excursion agent) to handle the arrangement on his behalf.

Why Ground Operators?

Obviously, the tour operation companies do not have close contact with suppliers, governments, destinations and so on. It leaves no choice with the companies but to appoint handling agencies at the destinations.  The main reasons are:

  • Introduction of new products or plant to promote an exotic destination.
  • Lack of Government regulations.
  • Lack of personal contract.
  • Language problem.
  • The company cannot establish its own branch.

Recognizing the very fact that the reputation, performance, and profitability of tour company in its own market largely depends on the efficiency and effectiveness of ground operators, it has because necessary for the company to consider various factors before the selection of a handling agency, they are:

  • Size of business
  • Professional staff
  • Length of business
  • Area of operation/Product line
  • Market share

Functions of Ground Tour Operators

Over the years of functions and activities of the destination, companies have changed drastically to cope with the changing environment of the tourism industry. In fact, today’s destination companies have become more professional and are bound to provide personalized travel services to the tourists. The following functions are performed by ground tours operators:

  • Land arrangement
  • Contract and Negotiate with other vendors
  • Handling of Arrival and departure procedure
  • Planning and organizing local package tour
  • Escorting the tourists
  • Providing market information
  • Costing and pricing package tour

Practically, if we see the working of the travel agencies and tour operators in the industry we find that most of the organizations are performing different types of activities like the retail travel agency , wholesale travel agency, and tour operators.

The travel agency business is no longer an amateurism. Over the last two decades, the pattern and structure of travel agencies have changed to meet tough challenges in the international market. Today, small-scale agencies are finding the travel industry increasingly complex.

Thus, the small and medium scale travel agencies are disappearing or merging or falling instead of rising. On the other hand, a new concept has also emerged i.e. tour operation business . The tour operation business is new but a maturing business at the global level.

Functions of Tour Operator

A tour operator is an organization, firm, or person who is responsible for the actual arrangement of transport and accommodation facilities on any tour or vacations. They are also responsible for operating and providing vacation through contracting, booking, and packaging together of the various components of the tour such as hotel, transportation, meals, guides, optional tours, and sometimes flights.

A tour operator is like a service provider, providing the most convenient option for tourists to stay, visit, as well as leave from the city. A tour operator owns a high volume of travel services across carriers, services, and accommodation. Some most important functions of the tour operators are following as:

Planning a Tour

The most important functions of the tour operators are planning a tour. Tour operators plan a tour and make tour itinerary which contains the identification of the origin, destination and all the stopping point in a traveler’s tours. A prospective tour operator also gives advice to intending tourists in various types of tour programmes, which they may choose for their leisure or commercial travel.

Making Tour Package

Tour operator buys individual travel components, separately from there suppliers and combines them into a package tour. Tour operators make tour package by assembling various travel components into a final product that is called tour package which is sold to tourist with own price tag. Making tour packages is also an important function of Tour Operator.

Arranging a Tour

Tour operators make tour package and also arrange a tour according to tourist demands. Tour operators arrange the tour package and various tourists activities to provide the best experience to tourists/traveler.

Travel Information

Whatever the size of tour operators, it has provided necessary travel information to the tourists. This task is utterly difficult and very complicated. A tour operator must give up-to-date, accurate and timely information regarding destinations, modes of travel, accommodation, sightseeing, immigration, health and security rules about various permits required to travel in a particular area etc.

Reservation

It is a very important function of all type tour operators and travel agencies. Tour operator makes all the reservation by making linkages with accommodation sector, transport sector and other entertainment organizations to reserve rooms, and seats in cultural programmes and transportation.

Travel Management

Tour operators manage tour from beginning to the end of the tour. A tour operator has the responsibility to look after the finer details of a vacation or tour such as hotel, accommodation, meals, conveyance etc. Tour operators provide travel guide, escorting services and arrange all travel related needs and wants.

Evaluate the Option Available

Tour operators evaluate all available options to provide a unique or unforgettable travel experience to tourists during their journey. Tour operators evaluate the various options available for a tour package and provide best of them to tourists.

Tour Operators makes tour packages and promote them into various tourists markets at domestic as well international level. Tour operators promote a travel destination to attract a large group of tourists at domestic as well as international level. In the promotion of tourist destination, tour operators play a key role. Travel agencies or tour operators are called as image builder of a country.

Sales and Marketing

Tour operators do sales and marketing of tourist products. Tour operators buy individual travel components, separately and combine them into a tour package, which is sold with their own price tag to the public directly. Tour operators do marketing of tourist destinations and tourism product to attracts the attention of the tourists/travelers.

Taking Care of Glitch

Tours operators are also called handling agencies which handles tour package and take care of all the glitches and problems arises during a tour package. Tour operators fix the glitches and provide the best available alternative to tourists during their journey.

Importance of Tour Operators

Tours operators play a key role in the tourism sector. Tour operators create tourist products, promote them a finally sold them to tourists.

Tour operators provide the best and competitive price to the tourist. Tour operators negotiate with suppliers of tourism products such as hotels, airlines and provide the best possible price to the tourist. Tour operators buy tourist products in bulk and get huge discounts from suppliers. So that they provide tourist products at a cheap price.

Tour operators organized a tour in the best way. They personalize and make sure each and every component of the tour is well-taken care. Tour operators provide the best travel experience during a tour. Tour operators save tourists time and money.

Tour operators provide immediate support systems at the host country as well as a foreign land. When tourists travel to a foreign land and things get uncertain, maybe its a health or loss of documents and need to return back or change of travel plan. A qualified tour operator takes care of all these unseen events with efficiency.

Tour operator caters to the needs of tourists on the based on their taste of travel. Tour operator provides all the best available option according to tourist needs and demands

Difference between Travel Agent and Tour Operator

There is a lot of confusion about the difference between tour operators and travel agents what exactly makes them different. The main difference between a Travel agent and Tour operator are following as:

  • A travel agent is a person who has full knowledge of tourist product – destinations, modes of travel, climate, accommodation, and other areas of the service sector. He acts on the behalf of the product providers/principals and in return get a commission.
  • Tour operator is an organization, firm, or company that buys individual travel components, separately from their suppliers and combines them into a package tour, which is sold with their own price tag to the public directly or through middlemen.
  • Tour operators are like wholesalers and travel agents are the retailers.
  • A tour operator makes the package holidays up and the travel agents sell them on.
  • Tour operator taking up the bulk of the responsibilities and his fee is obviously much greater than a travel agent.
  • A tour operator has the responsibility to look after the finer details of a vacation or tour such as hotel, accommodation, meals, conveyance, etc.

The wholesale travel agencies may offer or operate the package tours or may specialize in developing tours for inbound as well as outbound travelers. They are often referred to as tour operators, but there is a difference between Wholesale Travel Agencies and Tour operators .

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Glossary of tourism terms

Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. These people are called visitors (which may be either tourists or excursionists; residents or non-residents) and tourism has to do with their activities, some of which involve tourism expenditure.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Activity/activities : In tourism statistics, the term activities represent the actions and behaviors of people in preparation for and during a trip in their capacity as consumers ( IRTS 2008, 1.2 ).

Activity (principal): The principal activity of a producer unit is the activity whose value added exceeds that of any other activity carried out within the same unit ( SNA 2008, 5.8 ).

Activity (productive): The (productive) activity carried out by a statistical unit is the type of production in which it engages. It has to be understood as a process, i.e. the combination of actions that result in a certain set of products. The classification of productive activities is determined by their principal output.

Administrative data : Administrative data is the set of units and data derived from an administrative source. This is a data holding information collected and maintained for the purpose of implementing one or more administrative regulations.

Adventure tourism : Adventure tourism is a type of tourism which usually takes place in destinations with specific geographic features and landscape and tends to be associated with a physical activity, cultural exchange, interaction and engagement with nature. This experience may involve some kind of real or perceived risk and may require significant physical and/or mental effort. Adventure tourism generally includes outdoor activities such as mountaineering, trekking, bungee jumping, rock climbing, rafting, canoeing, kayaking, canyoning, mountain biking, bush walking, scuba diving. Likewise, some indoor adventure tourism activities may also be practiced.

Aggregated data : The result of transforming unit level data into quantitative measures for a set of characteristics of a population.

Aggregation : A process that transforms microdata into aggregate-level information by using an aggregation function such as count, sum average, standard deviation, etc.

Analytical unit : Entity created by statisticians, by splitting or combining observation units with the help of estimations and imputations.

Balance of payments : The balance of payments is a statistical statement that summarizes transactions between residents and non-residents during a period. It consists of the goods and services account, the primary income account, the secondary income account, the capital account, and the financial account ( BPM6, 2.12 ).

Bias : An effect which deprives a statistical result of representativeness by systematically distorting it, as distinct from a random error which may distort on any one occasion but balances out on the average.

Business and professional purpose (of a tourism trip): The business and professional purpose of a tourism trip includes the activities of the self-employed and employees, as long as they do not correspond to an implicit or explicit employer-employee relationship with a resident producer in the country or place visited, those of investors, businessmen, etc. ( IRTS 2008, 3.17.2 ).

Business tourism : Business tourism is a type of tourism activity in which visitors travel for a specific professional and/or business purpose to a place outside their workplace and residence with the aim of attending a meeting, an activity or an event. The key components of business tourism are meetings, incentives, conventions and exhibitions. The term "meetings industry" within the context of business tourism recognizes the industrial nature of such activities. Business tourism can be combined with any other tourism type during the same trip.

Business visitor : A business visitor is a visitor whose main purpose for a tourism trip corresponds to the business and professional category of purpose ( IRTS 2008, 3.17.2 ).

Central Product Classification : The Central Product Classification (CPC) constitutes a complete product classification covering goods and services. It is intended to serve as an international standard for assembling and tabulating all kinds of data requiring product detail, including industrial production, national accounts, service industries, domestic and foreign commodity trade, international trade in services, balance of payments, consumption and price statistics. Other basic aims are to provide a framework for international comparison and promote harmonization of various types of statistics dealing with goods and services.

Census : A census is the complete enumeration of a population or groups at a point in time with respect to well defined characteristics: for example, Population, Production, Traffic on particular roads.

Coastal, maritime and inland water tourism : Coastal tourism refers to land-based tourism activities such as swimming, surfing, sunbathing and other coastal leisure, recreation and sports activities which take place on the shore of a sea, lake or river. Proximity to the coast is also a condition for services and facilities that support coastal tourism. Maritime tourism refers to sea-based activities such as cruising, yachting, boating and nautical sports and includes their respective land-based services and infrastructure. Inland water tourism refers to tourism activities such as cruising, yachting, boating and nautical sports which take place in aquatic- influenced environments located within land boundaries and include lakes, rivers, ponds, streams, groundwater, springs, cave waters and others traditionally grouped as inland wetlands.

Coherence : Adequacy of statistics to be combined in different ways and for various uses.

Competitiveness of a tourism destination : The competitiveness of a tourism destination is the ability of the destination to use its natural, cultural, human, man-made and capital resources efficiently to develop and deliver quality, innovative, ethical and attractive tourism products and services in order to achieve a sustainable growth within its overall vision and strategic goals, increase the added value of the tourism sector, improve and diversify its market components and optimize its attractiveness and benefits both for visitors and the local community in a sustainable perspective.

Consistency : Logical and numerical coherence.

Country of reference : The country of reference refers to the country for which the measurement is done. ( IRTS 2008, 2.15 ).

Country of residence : The country of residence of a household is determined according to the centre of predominant economic interest of its members. If a person resides (or intends to reside) for more than one year in a given country and has there his/her centre of economic interest (for example, where the predominant amount of time is spent), he/she is considered as a resident of this country.

Country-specific tourism characteristic products and activities : To be determined by each country by applying the criteria of IRTS 2008, 5.10 in their own context; for these products, the activities producing them will be considered as tourism characteristic, and the industries in which the principal activity is tourism-characteristic will be called tourism industries ( IRTS 2008, 5.16 ).

Cultural tourism : Cultural tourism is a type of tourism activity in which the visitor's essential motivation is to learn, discover, experience and consume the tangible and intangible cultural attractions/products in a tourism destination. These attractions/products relate to a set of distinctive material, intellectual, spiritual and emotional features of a society that encompasses arts and architecture, historical and cultural heritage, culinary heritage, literature, music, creative industries and the living cultures with their lifestyles, value systems, beliefs and traditions.

Data checking : Activity whereby the correctness conditions of the data are verified. It also includes the specification of the type of error or of the condition not met, and the qualification of the data and their division into "error-free data" and "erroneous data".

Data collection : Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data compilation : Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

Data confrontation : The process of comparing data that has generally been derived from different surveys or other sources, especially those of different frequencies, in order to assess and possibly improve their coherency, and identify the reasons for any differences.

Data processing : Data processing is the operation performed on data by the organization, institute, agency, etc., responsible for undertaking the collection, tabulation, manipulation and preparation of data and metadata output.

Data reconciliation : The process of adjusting data derived from two different sources to remove, or at least reduce, the impact of differences identified.

Destination (main destination of a trip): The main destination of a tourism trip is defined as the place visited that is central to the decision to take the trip. See also purpose of a tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 2.31 ).

Destination management / marketing organization (DMO) : A destination management/marketing organization (DMO) is the leading organizational entity which may encompass the various authorities, stakeholders and professionals and facilitates tourism sector partnerships towards a collective destination vision. The governance structures of DMOs vary from a single public authority to a public/ private partnership model with the key role of initiating, coordinating and managing certain activities such as implementation of tourism policies, strategic planning, product development, promotion and marketing and convention bureau activities. The functions of the DMOs may vary from national to regional and local levels depending on the current and potential needs as well as on the decentralization level of public administration. Not every tourism destination has a DMO.

Documentation: Processes and procedures for imputation,  weighting,  confidentiality  and suppression rules, outlier treatment and data capture should be fully documented by the  survey provider.  Such documentation should be made available to at least  the body financing the survey.

Domestic tourism : Domestic tourism comprises the activities of a resident visitor within the country of reference, either as part of a domestic tourism trip or part of an outbound tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 2.39 ).

Domestic tourism consumption : Domestic tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a resident visitor within the economy of reference ( TSA:RMF 2008, figure 2.1 ).

Domestic tourism expenditure : Domestic tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a resident visitor within the economy of reference, (IRTS 2008, 4.15(a)).

Domestic tourism trip : A domestic tourism trip is one with a main destination within the country of residence of the visitor (IRTS 2008, 2.32).

Domestic visitor : As a visitor travels within his/her country of residence, he/she is a domestic visitor and his/her activities are part of domestic tourism.

Durable consumer goods : Durable consumer goods are goods that may be used repeatedly or continuously over a period of a year or more, assuming a normal or average rate of physical usage. When acquired by producers, these are considered to be capital goods used for production processes, as is the case of vehicles, computers, etc. When acquired by households, they are considered to be consumer durable goods ( TSA:RMF 2008, 2.39 ). This definition is identical to the definition of SNA 2008, 9.42 : A consumer durable is a goodthat may be used for purposes of consumption repeatedly or continuously over a period of a year or more.

Dwellings : Each household has a principal dwelling (sometimes also designated as main or primary home), usually defined with reference to time spent there, whose location defines the country of residence and place of usual residence of this household and of all its members. All other dwellings (owned or leased by the household) are considered secondary dwellings ( IRTS 2008, 2.26 ).

Ecotourism : Ecotourism is a type of nature-based tourism activity in which the visitor's essential motivation is to observe, learn, discover, experience and appreciate biological and cultural diversity with a responsible attitude to protect the integrity of the ecosystem and enhance the well-being of the local community. Ecotourism increases awareness towards the conservation of biodiversity, natural environment and cultural assets both among locals and the visitors and requires special management processes to minimize the negative impact on the ecosystem.

Economic analysis : Tourism generates directly and indirectly an increase in economic activity in the places visited (and beyond), mainly due to demand for goods and services thatneed to be produced and provided. In the economic analysis of tourism, one may distinguish between tourism's 'economic contribution' which refers to the direct effect of tourism and is measurable by means of the TSA, and tourism's 'economic impact' which is a much broader concept encapsulating the direct, indirect and induced effects of tourism and which must be estimated by applying models. Economic impact studies aim to quantify economic benefits, that is, the net increase in the wealth of residents resulting from tourism, measured in monetary terms, over and above the levels that would prevail in its absence.

Economic territory : The term "economic territory" is a geographical reference and points to the country for which the measurement is done (country of reference) ( IRTS 2008, 2.15 ).

Economically active population : The economically active population or labour force comprises all persons of either sex who furnish the supply of labour for the production of goods and services as defined by the system of national accounts during a specified time-reference period (ILO, Thirteenth ICLS, 6.18).

Economy (of reference): "Economy" (or "economy of reference") is an economic reference defined in the same way as in the balance of payments and in the system of national accounts: it refers to the economic agents that are resident in the country of reference ( IRTS 2008, 2.15 ).

Education tourism : Education tourism covers those types of tourism which have as a primary motivation the tourist's engagement and experience in learning, self-improvement, intellectual growth and skills development. Education Tourism represents a broad range of products and services related to academic studies, skill enhancement holidays, school trips, sports training, career development courses and language courses, among others.

Employees : Employees are all those workers who hold the type of job defined as "paid employment" (ILO, Fifteenth ICLS, pp. 20-22).

Employer-employee relationship : An employer-employee relationship exists when there is an agreement, which may be formal or informal, between an entity and an individual, normally entered into voluntarily by both parties, whereby the individual works for the entity in return for remuneration in cash or in kind ( BPM6, 11.11 ).

Employers : Employers are those workers who, working on their own account with one or more partners, hold the type of job defined as a "self-employment job" and, in this capacity, on a continuous basis (including the reference period) have engaged one or more persons to work for them in their business as "employee(s)" (ILO, Fifteenth ICLS, pp. 20-22).

Employment : Persons in employment are all persons above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in paid employment or self-employment (OECD GST, p. 170).

Employment in tourism industries : Employment in tourism industries may be measured as a count of the persons employed in tourism industries in any of their jobs, as a count of the persons employed in tourism industries in their main job, or as a count of the jobs in tourism industries ( IRTS 2008, 7.9 ).

Enterprise : An enterprise is an institutional unit engaged in production of goods and/or services. It may be a corporation, a non-profit institution, or an unincorporated enterprise. Corporate enterprises and non-profit institutions are complete institutional units. An unincorporated enterprise, however, refers to an institutional unit —a household or government unit —only in its capacity as a producer of goods and services (OECD BD4, p. 232)

Establishment : An establishment is an enterprise, or part of an enterprise, that is situated in a single location and in which only a single productive activity is carried out or in which the principal productive activity accounts for most of the value added ( SNA 2008, 5.14 ).

Estimation : Estimation is concerned with inference about the numerical value of unknown population values from incomplete data such as a sample. If a single figure is calculated for each unknown parameter the process is called "point estimation". If an interval is calculated within which the parameter is likely, in some sense, to lie, the process is called "interval estimation".

Exports of goods and services : Exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, or gifts or grants, of goods and services from residents to non-residents (OECD GST, p. 194)

Frame : A list, map or other specification of the units which define a population to be completely enumerated or sampled.

Forms of tourism : There are three basic forms of tourism: domestic tourism, inbound tourism, and outbound tourism. These can be combined in various ways to derive the following additional forms of tourism: internal tourism, national tourism and international tourism.

Gastronomy tourism :  Gastronomy tourism is a type of tourism activity which is characterized by the visitor's experience linked with food and related products and activities while travelling. Along with authentic, traditional, and/or innovative culinary experiences, Gastronomy Tourism may also involve other related activities such as visiting the local producers, participating in food festivals and attending cooking classes. Eno-tourism (wine tourism), as a sub-type of gastronomy tourism, refers to tourism whose purpose is visiting vineyards, wineries, tasting, consuming and/or purchasing wine, often at or near the source.

Goods : Goods are physical, produced objects for which a demand exists, over which ownership rights can be established and whose ownership can be transferred from one institutional unit to another by engaging in transactions on markets ( SNA 2008, p. 623 ).

Gross fixed capital formation : Gross fixed capital formation is defined as the value of institutional units' acquisitions less disposals of fixed assets. Fixed assets are produced assets (such as machinery, equipment, buildings or other structures) that are used repeatedly or continuously in production over several accounting periods (more than one year) ( SNA 2008, 1.52 ).

Gross margin : The gross margin of a provider of reservation services is the difference between the value at which the intermediated service is sold and the value accrued to the provider of reservation services for this intermediated service.

Gross value added : Gross value added is the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption ( TSA:RMF 2008, 3.32 ).

Gross value added of tourism industries : Gross value added of tourism industries (GVATI) is the total gross value added of all establishments belonging to tourism industries, regardless of whether all their output is provided to visitors and the degree of specialization of their production process ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.86 ).

Grossing up : Activity aimed at transforming, based on statistical methodology, micro-data from samples into aggregate-level information representative of the target population.

Health tourism : Health tourism covers those types of tourism which have as a primary motivation, the contribution to physical, mental and/or spiritual health through medical and wellness-based activities which increase the capacity of individuals to satisfy their own needs and function better as individuals in their environment and society. Health tourism is the umbrella term for the subtypes wellness tourism and medical tourism.

Imputation : Procedure for entering a value for a specific data item where the response is missing or unusable.

Inbound tourism : Inbound tourism comprises the activities of a non-resident visitor within the country of reference on an inbound tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 2.39 ).

Inbound tourism consumption : Inbound tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a non-resident visitor within the economy of reference ( TSA:RMF 2008, figure 2.1 ).

Inbound tourism expenditure : Inbound tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a non-resident visitor within the economy of reference ( IRTS 2008, 4.15(b) ).

Innovation in tourism : Innovation in tourism is the introduction of a new or improved component which intends to bring tangible and intangible benefits to tourism stakeholders and the local community, improve the value of the tourism experience and the core competencies of the tourism sector and hence enhance tourism competitiveness and /or sustainability. Innovation in tourism may cover potential areas, such as tourism destinations, tourism products, technology, processes, organizations and business models, skills, architecture, services, tools and/or practices for management, marketing, communication, operation, quality assurance and pricing.

Institutional sector : An aggregation of institutional units on the basis of the type of producer and depending on their principal activity and function, which are considered to be indicative of their economic behaviour.

Institutional unit : The elementary economic decision-making centre characterised by uniformity of behaviour and decision-making autonomy in the exercise of its principal function.

Intermediate consumption : Intermediate consumption consists of the value of the goods and services consumed as inputs by a process of production, excluding fixed assets whose consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital ( SNA 2008, 6.213 ).

Internal tourism : Internal tourism comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident and non-resident visitors within the country of reference as part of domestic or international tourism trips ( IRTS 2008, 2.40(a) ).

Internal tourism consumption : Internal tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of both resident and non-resident visitors within the economy of reference. It is the sum of domestic tourism consumption and inbound tourism consumption ( TSA:RMF 2008, figure 2.1 ).

Internal tourism expenditure : Internal tourism expenditure comprises all tourism expenditure of visitors, both resident and non-resident, within the economy of reference. It is the sum of domestic tourism expenditure and inbound tourism expenditure. It includes acquisition of goods and services imported into the country of reference and sold to visitors. This indicator provides the most comprehensive measurement of tourism expenditure in the economy of reference ( IRTS 2008, 4.20(a) ).

International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities : The International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) consists of a coherent and consistent classification structure of economic activities based on a set of internationally agreed concepts, definitions, principles and classification rules. It provides a comprehensive framework within which economic data can be collected and reported in a format that is designed for purposes of economic analysis, decision-taking and policymaking. The classification structure represents a standard format to organize detailed information about the state of an economy according to economic principles and perceptions (ISIC, Rev.4, 1).

International tourism : International tourism comprises inbound tourism and outbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident visitors outside the country of reference, either as part of domestic or outbound tourism trips and the activities of non-resident visitors within the country of reference on inbound tourism trips ( IRTS 2008, 2.40(c) ).

International visitor : An international traveller qualifies as an international visitor with respect to the country of reference if: (a) he/she is on a tourism trip and (b) he/she is a non-resident travelling in the country of reference or a resident travelling outside of it ( IRTS 2008, 2.42 ).

Job : The agreement between an employee and the employer defines a job and each self-employed person has a job ( SNA 2008, 19.30 ).

Measurement error : Error in reading, calculating or recording numerical value.

Medical tourism : Medical tourism is a type of tourism activity which involves the use of evidence-based medical healing resources and services (both invasive and non-invasive). This may include diagnosis, treatment, cure, prevention and rehabilitation.

Meetings industry : To highlight purposes relevant to the meetings industry, if a trip's main purpose is business/professional, it can be further subdivided into "attending meetings, conferences or congresses, trade fairs and exhibitions" and "other business and professional purposes". The term meetings industry is preferred by the International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA), Meeting Professionals International (MPI) and Reed Travel over the acronym MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Exhibitions) which does not recognize the industrial nature of such activities.

Metadata : Data that defines and describes other data and processes.

MICE : See meetings industry.

Microdata : Non-aggregated observations, or measurements of characteristics of individual units.

Mirror statistics : Mirror statistics are used to conduct bilateral comparisons of two basic measures of a trade flow and are a traditional tool for detecting the causes of asymmetries in statistics (OECD GST, p. 335).

Mountain tourism : Mountain tourism is a type of tourism activity which takes place in a defined and limited geographical space such as hills or mountains with distinctive characteristics and attributes that are inherent to a specific landscape, topography, climate, biodiversity (flora and fauna) and local community. It encompasses a broad range of outdoor leisure and sports activities.

National tourism : National tourism comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident visitors within and outside the country of reference, either as part of domestic or outbound tourism trips ( IRTS 2008, 2.40(b) ).

National tourism consumption : National tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of resident visitors, within and outside the economy of reference. It is the sum of domestic tourism consumption and outbound tourism consumption ( TSA:RMF 2008, figure 2.1 ).

National tourism expenditure : National tourism expenditure comprises all tourism expenditure of resident visitors within and outside the economy of reference. It is the sum of domestic tourism expenditure and outbound tourism expenditure ( IRTS 2008, 4.20(b) ).

Nationality : The concept of "country of residence" of a traveller is different from that of his/her nationality or citizenship ( IRTS 2008, 2.19 ).

Non-monetary indicators : Data measured in physical or other non-monetary units should not be considered a secondary part of a satellite account. They are essential components, both for the information they provide directly and in order to analyse the monetary data adequately ( SNA 2008, 29.84 ).

Observation unit : entity on which information is received and statistics are compiled.

Outbound tourism : Outbound tourism comprises the activities of a resident visitor outside the country of reference, either as part of an outbound tourism trip or as part of a domestic tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 2.39(c) ).

Outbound tourism consumption : Outbound tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a resident visitor outside the economy of reference ( TSA:RMF 2008, figure 2.1 ).

Outbound tourism expenditure : Outbound tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a resident visitor outside the economy of reference ( IRTS 2008, 4.15(c) ).

Output : Output is defined as the goods and services produced by an establishment, a) excluding the value of any goods and services used in an activity for which the establishment does not assume the risk of using the products in production, and b) excluding the value of goods and services consumed by the same establishment except for goods and services used for capital formation (fixed capital or changes in inventories) or own final consumption ( SNA 2008, 6.89 ).

Output (main): The main output of a (productive) activity should be determined by reference to the value added of the goods sold or services rendered (ISIC rev.4, 114).

Pilot survey : The aim of a pilot survey is to test the questionnaire (pertinence of the questions, understanding of questions by those being interviewed, duration of the interview) and to check various potential sources for sampling and non-sampling errors: for instance, the place in which the surveys are carried out and the method used, the identification of any omitted answers and the reason for the omission, problems of communicating in various languages, translation, the mechanics of data collection, the organization of field work, etc.

Place of usual residence : The place of usual residence is the geographical place where the enumerated person usually resides, and is defined by the location of his/her principal dwelling (Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses of the United Nations, 2.20 to 2.24).

Probability sample : A sample selected by a method based on the theory of probability (random process), that is, by a method involving knowledge of the likelihood of any unit being selected.

Production account : The production account records the activity of producing goods and services as defined within the SNA. Its balancing item, gross value added, is defined as the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption and is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an individual producer, industry or sector. Gross value added is the source from which the primary incomes of the SNA are generated and is therefore carried forward into the primary distribution of income account. Value added and GDP may also be measured net by deducting consumption of fixed capital, a figure representing the decline in value during the period of the fixed capital used in a production process ( SNA 2008, 1.17 ).

Production : Economic production may be defined as an activity carried out under the control and responsibility of an institutional unit that uses inputs of labour, capital, and goods and services to produce outputs of goods or services ( SNA 2008, 6.24. ).

Purpose of a tourism trip (main): The main purpose of a tourism trip is defined as the purpose in the absence of which the trip would not have taken place ( IRTS 2008, 3.10. ). Classification of tourism trips according to the main purpose refers to nine categories: this typology allows the identification of different subsets of visitors (business visitors, transit visitors, etc.) See also destination of a tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 3.14 ).

Quality of a tourism destination : Quality of a tourism destination is the result of a process which implies the satisfaction of all tourism product and service needs, requirements and expectations of the consumer at an acceptable price, in conformity with mutually accepted contractual conditions and the implicit underlying factors such as safety and security, hygiene, accessibility, communication, infrastructure and public amenities and services. It also involves aspects of ethics, transparency and respect towards the human, natural and cultural environment. Quality, as one of the key drivers of tourism competitiveness, is also a professional tool for organizational, operational and perception purposes for tourism suppliers.

Questionnaire and Questionnaire design : Questionnaire is a group or sequence of questions designed to elicit information on a subject, or sequence of subjects, from a reporting unit or from another producer of official statistics. Questionnaire design is the design (text, order, and conditions for skipping) of the questions used to obtain the data needed for the survey.

Reference period : The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.

Relevance : The degree to which statistics meet current and potential users' needs.

Reliability : Closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

Reporting unit : Unit that supplies the data for a given survey instance, like a questionnaire or interview. Reporting units may, or may not, be the same as the observation unit.

Residents/non-residents : The residents of a country are individuals whose centre of predominant economic interest is located in its economic territory. For a country, the non-residents are individuals whose centre of predominant economic interest is located outside its economic territory.

Response and non-response : Response and non-response to various elements of a survey entail potential errors.

Response error : Response errors may be defined as those arising from the interviewing process. Such errors may be due to a number of circumstances, such as inadequate concepts or questions; inadequate training; interviewer failures; respondent failures.

Rural tourism : Rural tourism is a type of tourism activity in which the visitor's experience is related to a wide range of products generally linked to nature-based activities, agriculture, rural lifestyle / culture, angling and sightseeing. Rural tourism activities take place in non-urban (rural) areas with the following characteristics:

  • Low population density;
  • Landscape and land-use dominated by agriculture and forestry; and
  • Traditional social structure and lifestyle

Same-day visitor (or excursionist): A visitor (domestic, inbound or outbound) is classified as a tourist (or overnight visitor), if his/her trip includes an overnight stay, or as a same-day visitor (or excursionist) otherwise ( IRTS 2008, 2.13 ).

Sample : A subset of a frame where elements are selected based on a process with a known probability of selection.

Sample survey : A survey which is carried out using a sampling method.

Sampling error : That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Satellite accounts : There are two types of satellite accounts, serving two different functions. The first type, sometimes called an internal satellite, takes the full set of accounting rules and conventions of the SNA but focuses on a particular aspect of interest by moving away from the standard classifications and hierarchies. Examples are tourism, coffee production and environmental protection expenditure. The second type, called an external satellite, may add non-economic data or vary some of the accounting conventions or both. It is a particularly suitable way to explore new areas in a research context. An example may be the role of volunteer labour in the economy ( SNA 2008, 29.85 ).

SDMX, Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange : Set of technical standards and content-oriented guidelines, together with an IT architecture and tools, to be used for the efficient exchange and sharing of statistical data and metadata (SDMX).

Seasonal adjustment : Seasonal adjustment is a statistical technique to remove the effects of seasonal calendar influences on a series. Seasonal effects usually reflect the influence of the seasons themselves, either directly or through production series related to them, or social conventions. Other types of calendar variation occur as a result of influences such as number of days in the calendar period, the accounting or recording practices adopted or the incidence of moving holidays.

Self-employment job : Self-employment jobs are those jobs where remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits (or the potential of profits) derived from the goods or services produced.

Self-employed with paid employees : Self-employed with paid employees are classified as employers.

Self-employed without employees : Self-employed without employees are classified as own-account workers.

Services : Services are the result of a production activity that changes the conditions of the consuming units, or facilitates the exchange of products or financial assets. They cannot be traded separately from their production. By the time their production is completed, they must have been provided to the consumers ( SNA 2008, 6.17 ).

Social transfers in kind : A special case of transfers in kind is that of social transfers in kind. These consist of goods and services provided by general government and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs) that are delivered to individual households. Health and education services are the prime examples. Rather than provide a specified amount of money to be used to purchase medical and educational services, the services are often provided in kind to make sure that the need for the services is met. (Sometimes the recipient purchases the service and is reimbursed by the insurance or assistance scheme. Such a transaction is still treated as being in kind because the recipient is merely acting as the agent of the insurance scheme) (SNA 2008, 3.83).

Sports tourism : Sports tourism is a type of tourism activity which refers to the travel experience of the tourist who either observes as a spectator or actively participates in a sporting event generally involving commercial and non-commercial activities of a competitive nature.

Standard classification : Classifications that follow prescribed rules and are generally recommended and accepted.

Statistical error : The unknown difference between the retained value and the true value.

Statistical indicator : A data element that represents statistical data for a specified time, place, and other characteristics, and is corrected for at least one dimension (usually size) to allow for meaningful comparisons.

Statistical metadata : Data about statistical data.

Statistical unit : Entity about which information is sought and about which statistics are compiled. Statistical units may be identifiable legal or physical entities or statistical constructs.

Survey : An investigation about the characteristics of a given population by means of collecting data from a sample of that population and estimating their characteristics through the systematic use of statistical methodology.

System of National Accounts : The System of National Accounts (SNA) is the internationally agreed standard set of recommendations on how to compile measures of economic activity in accordance with strict accounting conventions based on economic principles. The recommendations are expressed in terms of a set of concepts, definitions, classifications and accounting rules that comprise the internationally agreed standard for measuring indicators of economic performance. The accounting framework of the SNA allows economic data to be compiled and presented in a format that is designed for purposes of economic analysis, decision-taking and policymaking ( SNA 2008, 1.1 ).

Total tourism internal demand : Total tourism internal demand, is the sum of internal tourism consumption, tourism gross fixed capital formation and tourism collective consumption ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.114 ). It does not include outbound tourism consumption.

Tourism : Tourism refers to the activity of visitors ( IRTS 2008, 2.9 ).

Tourism characteristic activities : Tourism characteristic activities are the activities that typically produce tourism characteristic products. As the industrial origin of a product (the ISIC industry that produces it) is not a criterion for the aggregation of products within a similar CPC category, there is no strict one-to-one relationship between products and the industries producing them as their principal outputs ( IRTS 2008, 5.11 ).

Tourism characteristic products : Tourism characteristic products are those that satisfy one or both of the following criteria: a) Tourism expenditure on the product should represent a significant share total tourism expenditure (share-of-expenditure/demand condition); b) Tourism expenditure on the product should represent a significant share of the supply of the product in the economy (share-of-supply condition). This criterion implies that the supply of a tourism characteristic product would cease to exist in meaningful quantity in the absence of visitors ( IRTS 2008, 5.10 ).

Tourism connected products : Their significance within tourism analysis for the economy of reference is recognized although their link to tourism is very limited worldwide. Consequently, lists of such products will be country-specific ( IRTS 2008, 5.12 ).

Tourism consumption : Tourism consumption has the same formal definition as tourism expenditure. Nevertheless, the concept of tourism consumption used in the Tourism Satellite Account goes beyond that of tourism expenditure. Besides the amount paid for the acquisition of consumption goods and services, as well as valuables for own use or to give away, for and during tourism trips, which corresponds to monetary transactions (the focus of tourism expenditure), it also includes services associated with vacation accommodation on own account, tourism social transfers in kind and other imputed consumption. These transactions need to be estimated using sources different from information collected directly from the visitors, such as reports on home exchanges, estimations of rents associated with vacation homes, calculations of financial intermediation services indirectly measured (FISIM), etc. ( TSA:RMF 2008, 2.25 ).

Tourism destination : A tourism destination is a physical space with or without administrative and/or analytical boundaries in which a visitor can spend an overnight. It is the cluster (co-location) of products and services, and of activities and experiences along the tourism value chain and a basic unit of analysis of tourism. A destination incorporates various stakeholders and can network to form larger destinations. It is also intangible with its image and identity which may influence its market competitiveness.

Tourism direct gross domestic product : Tourism direct gross domestic product (TDGDP) is the sum of the part of gross value added (at basic prices) generated by all industries in response to internal tourism consumption plus the amount of net taxes on products and imports included within the value of this expenditure at purchasers' prices ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.96 ).

Tourism direct gross value added : Tourism direct gross value added (TDGVA) is the part of gross value added generated by tourism industries and other industries of the economy that directly serve visitors in response to internal tourism consumption ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.88 ).

Tourism expenditure : Tourism expenditure refers to the amount paid for the acquisition of consumption goods and services, as well as valuables, for own use or to give away, for and during tourism trips. It includes expenditures by visitors themselves, as well as expenses that are paid for or reimbursed by others ( IRTS 2008, 4.2 ).

Tourism industries : The tourism industries comprise all establishments for which the principal activity is a tourism characteristic activity. Tourism industries (also referred to as tourism activities) are the activities that typically producetourism characteristic products. The term tourism industries is equivalent to tourism characteristic activities and the two terms are sometimes used synonymously in the IRTS 2008, 5.10, 5.11 and figure 5.1 .

Tourism product : A tourism product is a combination of tangible and intangible elements, such as natural, cultural and man-made resources, attractions, facilities, services and activities around a specific center of interest which represents the core of the destination marketing mix and creates an overall visitor experience including emotional aspects for the potential customers. A tourism product is priced and sold through distribution channels and it has a life-cycle.

Tourism ratio : For each variable of supply in the Tourism Satellite Account, the tourism ratiois the ratio between the total value of tourism share and total value of the corresponding variable in the Tourism Satellite Account expressed in percentage form ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.56 ). (See also Tourism share).

Tourism Satellite Account : The Tourism Satellite Account is the second international standard on tourism statistics (Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework 2008 –TSA:RMF 2008) that has been developed in order to present economic data relative to tourism within a framework of internal and external consistency with the rest of the statistical system through its link to the System of National Accounts. It is the basic reconciliation framework of tourism statistics. As a statistical tool for the economic accounting of tourism, the TSA can be seen as a set of 10 summary tables, each with their underlying data and representing a different aspect of the economic data relative to tourism: inbound, domestic tourism and outbound tourism expenditure, internal tourism expenditure, production accounts of tourism industries, the Gross Value Added (GVA) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) attributable to tourism demand, employment, investment, government consumption, and non-monetary indicators.

Tourism Satellite Account aggregates : The compilation of the following aggregates, which represent a set of relevant indicators of the size of tourism in an economy is recommended ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.81 ):

  • Internal tourism expenditure;
  • Internal tourism consumption;
  • Gross value added of tourism industries (GVATI);
  • Tourism direct gross value added (TDGVA);
  • Tourism direct gross domestic product (TDGDP).

Tourism sector : The tourism sector, as contemplated in the TSA, is the cluster of production units in different industries that provide consumption goods and services demanded by visitors. Such industries are called tourism industries because visitor acquisition represents such a significant share of their supply that, in the absence of visitors, their production of these would cease to exist in meaningful quantity.

Tourism share : Tourism share is the share of the corresponding fraction of internal tourism consumption in each component of supply ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.51 ). For each industry, the tourism share of output (in value), is the sum of the tourism share corresponding to each product component of its output ( TSA:RMF 2008, 4.55 ). (See also Tourism ratio ).

Tourism single-purpose consumer durable goods : Tourism single-purpose consumer durables is a specific category of consumer durable goods that include durable goods that are used exclusively, or almost exclusively, by individuals while on tourism trips ( TSA:RMF 2008 , 2.41 and Annex 5 ).

Tourism trip : Trips taken by visitors are tourism trips ( IRTS 2008, 2.29 ).

Tourist (or overnight visitor): A visitor (domestic, inbound or outbound) is classified as a tourist (or overnight visitor), if his/her trip includes an overnight stay, or as a same-day visitor (or excursionist) otherwise ( IRTS 2008, 2.13 ).

Tourism value chain : The tourism value chain is the sequence of primary and support activities which are strategically fundamental for the performance of the tourism sector. Linked processes such as policy making and integrated planning, product development and packaging, promotion and marketing, distribution and sales and destination operations and services are the key primary activities of the tourism value chain. Support activities involve transport and infrastructure, human resource development, technology and systems development and other complementary goods and services which may not be related to core tourism businesses but have a high impact on the value of tourism.

Travel / traveller : Travel refers to the activity of travellers. A traveller is someone who moves between different geographic locations, for any purpose and any duration ( IRTS 2008, 2.4 ). The visitor is a particular type of traveller and consequently tourism is a subset of travel.

Travel group : A travel group is made up of individuals or travel parties travelling together: examples are people travelling on the same package tour or youngsters attending a summer camp ( IRTS 2008, 3.5 ).

Travel item (in balance of payments): Travel is an item of the goods and services account of the balance of payments: travel credits cover goods and services for own use or to give away acquired from an economy by non-residents during visits to that economy. Travel debits cover goods and services for own use or to give away acquired from other economies by residents during visits to other economies ( BPM6, 10.86 ).

Travel party : A travel party is defined as visitors travelling together on a trip and whose expenditures are pooled ( IRTS 2008, 3.2 ).

Trip : A trip refers to the travel by a person from the time of departure from his/her usual residence until he/she returns: it thus refers to a round trip. Trips taken by visitors are tourism trips.

Urban/city tourism : Urban/city tourism is a type of tourism activity which takes place in an urban space with its inherent attributes characterized by non-agricultural based economy such as administration, manufacturing, trade and services and by being nodal points of transport. Urban/city destinations offer a broad and heterogeneous range of cultural, architectural, technological, social and natural experiences and products for leisure and business.

Usual environment: The usual environment of an individual, a key concept in tourism, is defined as the geographical area (though not necessarily a contiguous one) within which an individual conducts his/her regular life routines ( IRTS 2008, 2.21 ).

Usual residence : The place of usual residence is the geographical place where the enumerated person usually resides (Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses of the United Nations, 2.16 to 2.18).

Vacation home : A vacation home (sometimes also designated as a holiday home) is a secondary dwelling that is visited by the members of the household mostly for purposes of recreation, vacation or any other form of leisure ( IRTS 2008, 2.27 ).

Valuables : Valuables are produced goods of considerable value that are not used primarily for purposes of production or consumption but are held as stores of value over time ( SNA 2008, 10.13 ).

Visit : A trip is made up of visits to different places.The term "tourism visit" refers to a stay in a place visited during a tourism trip ( IRTS 2008, 2.7 and 2.33 ).

Visitor : A visitor is a traveller taking a trip to a main destination outside his/her usual environment, for less than a year, for any main purpose (business, leisure or other personal purpose) other than to be employed by a resident entity in the country or place visited ( IRTS 2008, 2.9 ). A visitor (domestic, inbound or outbound) is classified as a tourist (or overnight visitor), if his/her trip includes an overnight stay, or as a same-day visitor (or excursionist) otherwise ( IRTS 2008, 2.13 ).

Wellness tourism : Wellness tourism is a type of tourism activity which aims to improve and balance all of the main domains of human life including physical, mental, emotional, occupational, intellectual and spiritual. The primary motivation for the wellness tourist is to engage in preventive, proactive, lifestyle-enhancing activities such as fitness, healthy eating, relaxation, pampering and healing treatments.

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Which Type of Tour Operator are You?

Theresa Rappensperger

Let’s be honest – the tour operator business is highly competitive as companies try to get a large share of the international and domestic markets they operate in. In order to better navigate the landscape, you need to understand where you stand in that market.

We all know that a tour operator is one who packages key components (or all) of a trip, markets it, sells it to a traveler or tourist, and handles the entire tour operation.

But do you know exactly which type of tour operator you are?

Having clarity on this question will help you identify key partners to work with (like DMOs or hotels) and make better business decisions overall. As a result, you’ll be able to curate better tour packages and run your entire tour operation smoothly, efficiently and successfully.

This is why we’ll cover the different types of tour operators below (plus – we’ve attached a handy infographic at the end for your reference).

So, let’s get to it – which type of tour operator are you?

Types of Tour Operators

There are five main categories of tour operators that you could fall into: inbound tour operators, outbound tour operators, domestic tour operators, receptive tour operators, and ground tour operators. Let’s find out which one of these five you fall into.

Of course any tour operator cannot be fully successful without a booking system that will automate all reservation processes and allow them to generate more revenues. If you still haven’t got a booking system, try Regiondo , the most popular booking system in Europe designed to streamline your booking process. Book a demo with Regiondo experts to learn how your business can leverage booking system.

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Inbound Tour Operators (AKA Incoming Tour Operators)

Inbound tour operators bring tourists into a country as a group or via individual tour packages. They handle all arrangements in the host country; and the types of tours they curate are specifically for non-residents touring the country.

Let’s look at an example.

If a group of Italian tourists want to explore Germany, then the tour operator in Germany who handles all the arrangements for the tour is known as an inbound tour operator. So, inbound tour operators are locally based and offer tours that cover their own country.

Most inbound tour operators hire local travel agencies for things like airport pick-up and drop-off; form partnerships with local hotels and businesses; and have key partnerships with other types of tour operators (who help them run tours on the ground).

Outbound Tour Operators

Unlike inbound tour operators, outbound tour operators work within their countries to take travelers to other countries. They are tour operators who market their tours for international destinations, either for business or leisure travel.

Let’s say, for example, that a group of Canadian tourists are planning a trip to Italy. Then the tour company in Canada that handles all the ticket reservations and hotel bookings is the outbound tour operator.

To further simplify things, outbound tour operators design and package tours for tourists in their home country to visit an international destination.

Now, most outbound tour operators choose to specialize in specific destinations: either a destination that is “trending” or one in which they have particular expertise and distribution partners. They often work with other tour and activity providers in the destination when designing their travel packages.

Domestic Tour Operators

Domestic tour operators are those that put together inclusive tour packages and sell them to domestic travelers. In other words, they are tour operators who provide travel packages and tours within a tourist’s native country.

Domestic tours usually involve residents of a specific country traveling within that country. They can visit national parks, scenic areas, hospitality tours, city tours , train tours, etc. Since there are many options that tourists can choose from, domestic tour operators often combine several tourist components into an inclusive package that they can sell to travelers within the boundary of the country.

Domestic tour operators form key partnerships with other tour and activity providers in order to attain a larger share of the domestic tourism market.

Receptive Tour Operators (RTOs)

Receptive Tour Operators (RTOs) provide tourism products to tour operators in other markets (as a business-to-business relationship).

Specifically, RTOs sell tourism products, whether they are sold in a tour package or alone, to tour operators and/or travel agents . They are essentially wholesalers and they don’t sell directly to the public.

So how do they make money?

They add a percentage rate (or fee) to the final price that the tour operator is selling the product or service for. When a travel agent buys the tour product, they incur the RTO’s fee in the final price. In that sense, RTOs do not charge commission. They simply market the tourism product and add their fee to the final product price.

Another key characteristic of RTOs is that they are experts in the region they operate in; and know much more than just the hotels and types of tourism activities that are offered in the region. As such, RTOs to help other tour operators identify things like hotels, services and design itineraries in regions they are not familiar with.

Ground Tour Operators

Ground tour operators operate domestically. They are however different from domestic tour operators in that they organize tours for incoming tourists on behalf of an inbound tour operator (and sometimes, outbound tour operators).

Let’s look at an example to better understand the role they play.

Italy will be the destination in this example. So, here’s how it works:

An inbound tour operator designs and promotes beach holidays, adventure, and heritage tours in different parts of Italy. Problem: the inbound tour operator doesn’t have offices across Italy. The inbound tour operator also doesn’t have close contacts or partnerships with suppliers and key agents in certain parts of the country. So, they consult with ground tour operators.

It is the ground operator that will handle the incoming tourists at those various destinations around Italy. They oversee land arrangements; negotiate with and contract local vendors; coordinate arrivals and departures; plan and put together local tour packages; escort tourists; provide market data; and cost and price tour packages. Overall, it is their duty to ensure that the entire trip goes smoothly based on the package tours and agreements.

You may know ground tour operators as “handling agencies” because they organize tours for incoming tourists on behalf of overseas tour operators.

Wrapping Up

Back to the question we asked at the very beginning: which type of tour operator are you? Now that you’re better informed to answer that question, you can also start thinking about ways to improve your distribution and marketing channels based on that answer.

The next step is to figure out who your key partners are and strike up deals to propel your business forward.

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Who is a Tour Operator? Know Roles and Responsibilities

NRI Travelogue

If travel destinations and tourist places are something that interest you or fill you with enthusiasm, probably then, you must know about a tour operator. Tour operators advise customers about different travel options. They organize tours for individuals or different groups of travelers. As professionals, they prepare tour itineraries, and tour packages and coordinate with vendors for your holidays.

In this write-up, we delve into a tour operator’s roles and discuss the necessary skills, roles, and education qualifications for the job.

Who is a Tour Operator?

A tour operator is someone who belongs to the hospitality industry. He organizes tours and helps customers during trips so that they have positive reviews. Advising customers on different tour packages based on their budget and interests, and handling all logistics of a tour, such as booking tickets and accommodations, are some basic roles assigned to them.

Tour operators generally work for travel agencies or tour companies A tour guide will accompany tourists on their trips, but tour operators are solely available to answer their questions. They provide detailed information about tourists’ itineraries.

Types of Tour Operators

Here are some types of tour operators who can help you plan your holidays better and make them memorable!

1. Domestic Tour Operators

 Domestic tour operators provide tours and travel services within their own country. They serve tourists who desire to explore different regions or attractions within their country.

2. Inbound Tour Operators

These operators serve foreign tourists visiting their country. They plan and organize tours within their own country, and provide services such as transport, accommodation, guided tours, and activities.

3. Outbound Tour Operators

Outbound tour operators organize tours for residents of one country traveling to another country or countries. They arrange the trip, including flights, accommodations, transportation, and activities at the travel destination.

4. Special Interest Tour Operators

These operators specialize in planning tours catering to specific interests or hobbies, such as wildlife safaris, culinary tours, photography tours, adventure travel, or cultural immersion experiences.

5. Wholesale Tour Operators

Wholesale tour operators sell pre-packaged tour products in bulk to travel agencies or retail outlets. They often provide discounted rates to travel agents. Travel agents usually earn a profit by reselling the tours to clients.

6. Incentive Travel Companies

These companies organize travel experiences for corporate groups or organizations as rewards or incentives for employees or clients. They often tailor trips to meet the guided objectives and preferences of the organization.

Tour operators design and organize pre-packaged tours or holiday packages while the Travel agents help clients in booking individual travel components.

What is the Role of a Tour Operator?

Tour operators play a wide array of roles when it comes to planning holiday packages and dealing with tourists.

1. Planning Tour Packages

These professionals design and schedule travel packages for individual travelers or groups of tourists. They coordinate with their clients to discuss their likes and dislikes and then suggest a range of attractions, accommodations, and transportation options to enable the clients to select the tour packages that meet their preferences.

2. Negotiating Rates

Often the tour operators can try to book a group of room /blocks in a hotel for their bigger group. This leads to lower rates for the tourists.

3. Arranging Travel

Tour operators ensure that passengers have their train tickets to travel between the cities or even book a car rental to help customers visit the attractions according to their schedule.

4. Providing Customer Support

A tour operator offers travelers with the technical assistance that they may need before a trip. For example, they may reply to customer questions about a trip they are planning, tell them about currency exchange rates, or notify them if there are any changes in their itinerary.

5. Preparing Tour Budgets

A tour operator comes up with different price options with sample itineraries and counsels customers on the kind of lodging and attractions that are within their budget.

6. Researching Travel Options

Tour operators are specialists who gather and study data on traveling patterns to suggest itineraries to tourists about where they should go, where they will stay, and where they can eat on their trips.  

They read articles and browse online for details about travel trends and popular tourist spots that they can use to stay updated with what is trending currently.

Educational Requirements for a Tour Operator

To become a tour operator you need a high school diploma or equivalent. Some employers, particularly tour companies or travel organizations, may prefer to hire candidates with a bachelor’s degree.

Tour operators need a degree in tourism and travel services management or hospitality management. Many colleges and universities offer these undergraduate programs, and it typically takes four years for students to complete their degree. You can also consider doing short-term courses in the following streams.

  • Hospitality finance
  • Foundations of tourism
  • International hotel management
  • Tourism information technology
  • Hospitality management strategies
  • Sustainable tourism planning
  • Revenue management
  • Service technology
  • Event planning
  • Human resources management
  • Hospitality sales and marketing

Difference between Travel Agent and Tour Operator

Tour operators and travel agents both play important roles in the tourism industry, but they have distinct functions and responsibilities. Let’s differentiate between the two.

Travel Agent :

A travel agent is an individual or a company that acts as an intermediary between travelers and travel service providers. They may specialize in certain types of travel, destinations, or services.

Travel agents typically earn commissions from the travel suppliers they book with, rather than charging clients directly for their services.

They assist clients in planning and booking the trip, including flights, accommodations, transportation, and activities.

Tour Operator :

A tour operator is a company that designs, organizes, and sells pre-packaged tours or holiday packages to travelers. Tour operators handle all aspects of the tour, including accommodations, transportation, meals, guided tours, and activities. They often work with travel agents to sell their tour packages to clients.

They may specialize in specific types of tours, such as adventure tours, cultural tours, luxury tours, or eco-tours. Tour operators also offer customized tour packages tailored to the preferences and needs of individual clients or groups.

Wrapping Up

The profile of a tour operator is special as it blends creativity, expertise, and impact. Tour operators have the privilege of turning travelers’ dreams into reality by crafting unique and immersive travel experiences tailored to specific interests and preferences.

They have an extensive knowledge of travel destinations, coupled with strong connections with local suppliers. This enables them to offer better service and access to exclusive travel opportunities.

Check also: Best Places to Visit in Kashmir

Moreover, tour operators play a crucial role in promoting sustainable tourism practices as they support local communities, and preserve cultural and natural heritage. Although they may face challenges such as changing rules and unforeseen circumstances, tour operators show professionalism in ensuring the safety and satisfaction of their clients.

A tour operator designs organizes, and sells pre-packaged tours or holiday packages to travelers. They plan and coordinate all aspects of the tour, including accommodations, transportation, meals, guided tours, and activities.

They also negotiate contracts with travel suppliers such as hotels, airlines, transportation companies, and tour guides. A tour operator promotes tour packages to attract clients.

Moreover, they assist and support to travelers before, during, and after the tour. They also ensure compliance with safety regulations and provide a high-quality travel experience.

While both tour operators and travel agents are involved in the travel industry, they have separate roles and functions.

A tour operator specializes in designing and organizing pre-packaged tours or holiday packages for travelers. They handle all aspects of the tour, from transportation and accommodations to planning activities and excursions.

On the other hand, a travel agent acts as an intermediary between travelers and travel service providers. They assist clients in planning and booking various aspects of a trip, such as flights, accommodations, transportation, and activities.

Travel agents may work with tour operators to sell their tour packages to clients, among other services.

A tour operator designs and creates pre-packaged tour itineraries tailored to specific destinations or themes. They negotiate contracts with hotels, airlines, transportation companies, and other travel suppliers to secure competitive rates and check availability.

They handle all logistics related to the tour, including booking accommodations, arranging transportation, and organizing guided tours and activities.

They market and promote tour packages to target audiences through online platforms, travel agencies, and promotional events.

A tour operator provides assistance and support to travelers throughout the tour, including addressing any issues or concerns that may arise.

Finally, they ensure compliance with safety regulations and industry standards to ensure the well-being and safety of travelers.

Last but not least, a tour operator continuously evaluates and improves tour offerings based on customer feedback and market trends to improve the overall travel experience.

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We have a range of tours that incorporate different routes such as Los Angeles to San Francisco  or New York to New Orleans . Regardless of which way you prefer to travel, we’ll immerse you in the region’s rich cultural history and give you an unforgettable Aussie experience.

An empty road through Death Valley National Park in California

Los Angeles to San Francisco

Cable car in New Orleans

New York to New Orleans

A band playing on the streets of New Orleans

New Orleans to Atlanta

United states highlights.

A crowded Bourbon Street in New Orleans.

Explore your favorite cities

If there’s one thing the USA does really well, it's bustling cities full of more culture and excitement than you’ll know what to do with. From the southern charm and jazz-infused personality of New Orleans to the neon-lit streets of Las Vegas , the cities of the United States know how to turn your epic adventure up a notch. All you have to do is walk through the streets of Salt Lake City or take in the beauty of Anchorage to make memories that’ll last you a lifetime.

A lighthouse in Acadia National Park, Maine

Take a trip to the coast

There’s nothing like relaxing on a sun-drenched beach or admiring the rolling waves from your porch, and the USA is home to some of the best cities for doing exactly that. Whether you want to absorb the laidback lifestyle in Los Angeles  or rug up on Portland's breathtaking coastline, a beach escape might just be the thing you need to refresh and recharge. From Maine on the east to California on the west, there are heaps of places to excite your inner adventurer.

Elk milling around in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming

Hike through a national park

Lace up your boots and get ready for the USA’s national parks to take your breath away. Whether you fancy hiking in  Yellowstone National Park or prefer the uniquely shaped rock formations in Yosemite , there’s a national park for everyone. From staggeringly tall sandstone cliffs in Zion National Park to the lush and expansive scenery of Denali National Park , one trip is never enough to experience the natural beauty these parks have to offer.

Three hikers walking across Matanuska Glacier in Alaska

Get active in Alaska

If you love getting the blood pumping and being surrounded by Mother Nature, Alaska ticks all the boxes for your next active adventure. From spotting otters and leaping salmon as you kayak through the pristine waters of Resurrection Bay to walking across ancient ice sheets on the huge  Matanuska Glacier with a glacier expert, get ready to experience the untamed beauty of the Alaskan wilderness.

United States tour reviews

United states faqs, do i need a covid-19 vaccine to join a trip in the united states.

Everyone traveling on an Intrepid trip must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 as a condition of carriage. 

All travelers are required to produce: 

  • Proof of COVID-19 vaccination
  • All children aged 5 to 17 years old must provide proof of vaccination (if eligible), proof of recovery or a negative COVID-19 test.
  • If you are unable to be vaccinated for medical reasons, you may apply for an exemption. Exemptions will be assessed on a case-by-case basis. To apply, you must provide a medical certificate from a medical professional. 

In all cases, you must be fully inoculated. This means you must receive the full dosage of the COVID-19 vaccine and allow enough time for immunity to take effect. Each COVID-19 vaccine has different dosages and timeframes for inoculation, so please check the relevant medical advice associated with your vaccine.

Learn more about Intrepid's COVID-19 proof of vaccination policy

How can I get to California?

Getting to California is relatively easy as there are a variety of options available including flying, driving, and taking public transport. You can fly into both big airports, such as LAX (Los Angeles), or small airports like Palm Springs International Airport (PSP) depending on which part of California you're traveling in. You can also drive to California if you're from a neighboring state (or want to go on an epic road trip) or you can take a bus or a train with several routes to all the popular destinations. 

Read more about getting to California

How do you get around Los Angeles?

Driving is the most time-efficient and popular way of getting around Los Angeles due to the city's size. While there is public transportation in the form of a bus network and the local metro, it's sometimes unreliable and can be quite time-consuming. Los Angeles is known for its crazy traffic situations, especially during peak periods of the day, so make sure you give yourself enough time to get around. 

Read more about getting around Los Angeles

How far is Utah from California?

The time it takes to travel from California to Utah depends on how you're traveling and where in California you're traveling from. Flying is by far the quickest way to travel to Utah with a flight between LAX and SLC (Salt Lake City Airport) taking just under 2 hours. Alternatively, you can drive between the two states for an epic road trip that's 12 hours long. If you were to take public transport between the two states it would be longer still but is a relatively cheap option. 

Click to read more about how far Utah is from California

Does it snow in Salt Lake City?

Yes, it does snow during winter in Salt Lake City. Snow is expected to fall between November and March but it's not unheard of to experience snowfall as early as October or as late as April. Salt Lake City is a great place to participate in winter activities such as skiing, snowboarding, and bobsledding, with neighboring mountains close to the city itself. 

Read more about snow in Salt Lake City

What's the weather like in New Orleans?

Due to New Orleans' geographical location, the weather can vary significantly during the year. Being near large bodies of water, such as the Mississippi River, the weather in New Orleans is often wet in the colder months and humid in spring and summer. There are lots of sunny days during June, July, and August with the average temperature being a warm 78°F. However, the weather can be quite unpredictable at times so make sure you're checking weather forecasts before you travel so you're prepared for what to expect. 

Read more about the weather in New Orleans

What should I pack for Yellowstone National Park?

You'll want to make sure you're as comfortable as possible while walking the many amazing hikes and trails in Yellowstone National Park so packing clothes, including hiking boots and socks, that you're familiar with is a must. Regardless of the season you're traveling in, the weather can be quite cold at nighttime so ensure you're packing a heavier jacket or coat to keep you warm. You should also pack sunscreen, a hat, sunglasses, and other items that will protect you from the sun during the day. 

Read more about what to pack for Yellowstone

What's the best time to visit Denali National Park?

It's hard to pinpoint the best time to visit Denali National Park as the landscapes are beautiful all year round. When to visit Denali largely depends on what kind of vacation you're looking for. If you really want to see snow on the surrounding mountains and explore the ultimate winter wonderland then winter would be the best time to go, however, spring and summer see the flowers and vegetation bloom in an array of colors.

Learn about the best time to visit Denali National Park

What are some of the best things to do in Zion National Park?

There are heaps of fun and exciting things to do in Zion National Park, so much so, that you could spend days there and still not see it all. Promising a uniquely unforgettable experience, Zion National Park is full of expansive landscapes just waiting to be explored. Some of the activities you can participate in include cycling, hiking, river tubing, and rock climbing. You can also camp at the park and do a little stargazing to make the most of your time in the great outdoors. 

Learn about the best things to do in Zion National Park

United States tour departures by month

what is domestic tour

Read more about the United States

BikeWalkMHK enjoyed biking, food, and community for the Tour de Taco

MANHATTAN, Kan. (WIBW) - If you were in the Little Apple today you might have seen an unusual number of bicyclists riding around town.

The Tour de Taco was put on by the BikeWalkMHK as 91 people rode their bikes across the town stopping at 3 taco spots. Those stops included Antojitos Yami Yummy, Mi Tierra Cantina, and Taqueria El Aguila. This event was a way to get together, ride bikes, and get some great food.

”Manhattan’s a great place to ride a bike but a lot of people only experience it from their car and so we’re able to show them different places, different ways to get around and get to enjoy some food and have a good time on a beautiful summer day,” said Jared Tremblay, FHMPO planning manager.

All the proceeds from the event went to the three taco shops.

Copyright 2024 WIBW. All rights reserved.

Justice Cox, 24, of Topeka, was sentenced to prison Thursday in connection with a 2022 traffic...

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Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly on Friday issued a formal proclamation declaring that the Kansas...

Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly issues proclamation on special legislative session

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Horton woman arrested for possession of meth following domestic disturbance in Brown County

Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) has announced blue-green algae detected at...

KDHE announces blue-green algae detected at seven Kansas lakes

what is domestic tour

Kansas lawmakers report deal reached for tax relief package

Latest news.

Man paints a picket for Melanie's Book Fence

Melanie’s Book Fence installed by friends and family

what is domestic tour

A&H Farm held its second Pickle Festival of the year

what is domestic tour

Fort Riley continued Victory Week celebrations with Rock’n Riley

what is domestic tour

Juneteenth events kicked off in Manhattan with a fashion show

FavorHouse of Northwest Florida gives domestic violence the boot at Round-Up fundraiser

Local domestic violence center, FavorHouse of Northwest Florida , is partnering with Cat Country 98.7 and area restaurants to throw the country-western themed FavorHouse Round-Up to raise critical funds to help domestic violence victims in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties from 6 to 10 p.m. Friday, June 21 at the Escambia County Equestrian Center, 7750 Mobile Highway.

The Round-Up features live music from Blackwater Country, walk-about food tasting, dancing, a mechanical bull and rodeo roper, bourbon and wine pulls, a live auction of experience packages and more.

Since 1980, FavorHouse of Northwest Florida Inc. has been committed to excellence in service to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. As the only certified domestic violence center serving Escambia and Santa Rosa counties, FavorHouse provides crisis intervention, emergency shelter, outreach counseling, community education and legal assistance for injunctions for protection.

Tickets are $60.

Visit FavorHouse.org for details.

UWF Historic Trust and DeFuniak Landmarks promote historic preservation

The University of West Florida Historic Trust recently announced a partnership with F. Diane Pickett, local emerging author and the president and founder of DeFuniak Landmarks, a nonprofit foundation established to preserve and protect the architectural integrity of homes within the historic districts of DeFuniak Springs. This partnership will further the mission of the UWF Historic Trust to collect, preserve, interpret and share the history of Northwest Florida.

Pickett made significant contributions to the UWF Foundation and UWF Historic Trust to establish two endowments that will support the UWF Historic Trust and their ongoing programming and education of history in Northwest Florida.

The first endowment will fund the preservation and maintenance of historic homes in DeFuniak Springs. The second endowment, the F. Diane Pickett Historic Landmarks Endowment Fund or Pickett Fund, will be used to educate the public through presentations and programs to provide an understanding of the historic and cultural significance of homes and public buildings in DeFuniak Springs in the early 1900s.

Through engaging educational programs, hands-on workshops, and community partnerships, DeFuniak Landmarks will empower individuals of all ages to become stewards of their local history. The UWF Historic Trust will offer interactive walking tours and in-depth lectures by renowned historians.

Visit historicpensacola.org for details.

Pilot Club receives matching grant from Pilot International

The Pilot Club of Pensacola received a matching grant from Pilot International for a project entitled, “Project Lifesaver”. Through this grant, the Pilot Club of Pensacola received $5,000 and will match this amount to fund their project to benefit 31 Escambia Search and Rescue clients now waiting to be included in this program.

Pilot International’s mission is to influence positive change in communities throughout the world. To do this they come together in friendship and service, focusing on encouraging brain safety and health and supporting those who care for others.

Because of this grant, members of the Pilot Club were able to serve their community by supplying 31 receivers, batteries and wrist bands for those clients on a waitlist at Escambia Search and Rescue.

Pilot Club of Pensacola funds were raised through donations and fundraisers. Their fundraisers for this year include an upcoming fashion show on Oct. 16 at the Pensacola Yacht Club.

Email [email protected] or visit pilotinternational.org for details.

Baptist Health Care offers support groups in June

Baptist Health Care will offer the following support group meetings in June to help enhance the quality of life throughout the Pensacola community. More information, including location details, is available by calling the phone number provided for each meeting.

  • 5 to 6 p.m. Thursday, June 13: Prostate Cancer Support. Register in advance by calling Cancer Support Services at 448-227-6000.
  • 4 to 5 p.m. Tuesday, June 18: Breast Cancer Support Group. Bear Family Foundation Health Center, Suite 1C. For details, call 448-227-6048.
  • 5 to 6 p.m. Thursday, June 27: Diabetes Management Support Group. For details, contact the Pharmacotherapy Clinic at 448-227-6221 or email [email protected] .

Take part : To make a Causes submission, email [email protected].

Never miss a story: Subscribe to the Pensacola News Journal using the link at the bottom of the page under Stay Connected.

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Mid-State Technical College’s president, Dr. Shelly Mondeik, front/center, with HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra, to her right, during the Secretary’s visit to the College’s Healthcare Simulation Center in Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., June 13. They are joined by Mid-State students, leadership and partners including leadership from Aspirus and Legacy Foundation of Central Wisconsin.

Biden cabinet members tour Mid-State’s Healthcare Simulation Center, highlight rural access to health care

United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) Xavier Becerra and White House Domestic Policy Advisor Neera Tanden toured Mid-State Technical College’s Healthcare Simulation Center in Wisconsin Rapids on Thursday, June 13. 

HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra performs an airway management exercise on a high-fidelity child simulator during his visit to Mid-State Technical College’s Healthcare Simulation Center in Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., June 13. Assisting him are Mid-State EMT-Paramedic graduates Ryan Glavin, left, and Jeremy Pethke.

Following the tour, they touted the partnership behind the innovative training facility as a much-needed model for the country to expand rural access to health care. They also announced an additional $11 million to 15 organizations through the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to establish new residency programs in rural communities.

The Simulation Center tour had Becerra and Tanden rolling up sleeves to engage in hands-on health care simulations with Mid-State students while learning more about the facility designed to meet the healthcare workforce shortage in central Wisconsin.

Mid-State’s Healthcare Simulation Center is a 12,000 square foot, state-of-the-art facility made possible by a partnership between Mid-State, Aspirus Health and the Legacy Foundation of Central Wisconsin. Located on the third floor of Aspirus Riverview Hospital, it allows Mid-State to provide realistic clinical training scenarios for both inpatient and outpatient care using high-fidelity simulators, so students can safely learn skills in a hands-on environment. Scenarios include stroke, sepsis, bleeding, shock, birthing and more. 

Out of Mid-State’s 822 students enrolled in a health-related program in the 2023–24 year, 82 percent are from rural communities and many of these students train in the Simulation Center.

“This is the kind of model… that is clearly working and going to be producing really skilled professionals who will make good money but will hopefully help communities that need these professionals,” Becerra said.

White House Domestic Policy Advisor Neera Tanden and HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra speak to media during their visit to Mid-State Technical College’s Healthcare Simulation Center

Speaking to the huge demand in health care, Tanden said, “This new training model creates a lot less economic pressure on the participant, and just creates a much smoother pathway to a good-paying job at the end of the experience, and I think that’s the kind of innovation we want to see across the country.”

Third-semester Nursing student and mother of two Morban Biba, Adams, says training in the Simulation Center has created a safe environment to learn, starting with the simple things like communicating with patients. “Being able to introduce yourself, explain what you’re going to be doing, and building that relationship with the client right off the get go is really important,” she said. “That has helped my confidence grow tremendously.”

“We are so proud of our partnership with Aspirus Health and the Legacy Foundation and what we have achieved together to make the Healthcare Simulation Center a reality,” said Mid-State President Dr. Shelly Mondeik. “Secretary Becerra and Director Tanden’s visit to see and experience how the Simulation Center is working to alleviate the healthcare workforce shortage in our communities shows that this innovative training model is gaining attention at every level. It tells us we are doing something right and making a real difference in the lives of our students and truly everyone across our communities.”

Learn more about the Healthcare Simulation Center and the College’s programs training in it at mstc.edu/sim-center .   

Latest News

Digital Marketing program graduate Preston Schleihs. Schleihs competed in the MarketPlace Live simulation competition this spring as part of his Digital Marketing capstone class, placing in the top ten percent worldwide.

Mid-State Digital Marketing student ranks in top ten percent globally

Police officer in front of squad car and group of firefighters putting out a fire.

Mid-State to host public safety summer camp for 6–12th graders

Mid-State Technical College students and faculty attend the 2024 Business Professionals of America National Leadership Conference in Chicago May 10. From left: Tara Chapman, Mid-State Digital Marketing student; Sharon Behrens, Mid-State Business Technology instructor and BPA club advisor; and Rhonda Martinson, Mid-State Leadership Development student.

Mid-State students place in the top 10 at BPA National Leadership Conference

Aleigh Weight at Mid-State's May 2024 graduation.

Aleigh Weight: Graduating College Before High School

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IMAGES

  1. Travel : Where Should You Go On A Domestic Tours?

    what is domestic tour

  2. Domestic Tour Package at Rs 6000/package in New Delhi

    what is domestic tour

  3. Domestic Tourism

    what is domestic tour

  4. DOMESTIC TOURISM

    what is domestic tour

  5. Get A Domestic Tour Operator As Your Travel Guide

    what is domestic tour

  6. Domestic-tours

    what is domestic tour

COMMENTS

  1. What is domestic tourism and why is it so important?

    According to a recent report published by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), domestic tourism accounts for 73% of total Travel and Tourism spending globally in 2018; thus it is a key driver of the tourism sector. Countries rely on domestic tourism as a tool to reduce poverty, improve infrastructure, generate employment and most ...

  2. Domestic tourism

    Domestic tourism is tourism involving residents of one country traveling only within that country. Such a vacation is known as a domestic vacation (British: domestic holiday or holiday at home). For large countries with limited skill in foreign languages, for example Russia, Brazil, Canada, Australia, United States, China and India, domestic ...

  3. What Is Domestic Travel? Definition, Examples, & Tips

    Domestic travel means exploring within your own country's borders, like traveling within the United States. It includes trips between states, territories, or U.S. possessions, all without needing a passport. This makes it easy to go on new adventures without the hassle of clearing customs.

  4. What Does Domestic Travel Mean? Definition + Examples

    Kyle Kroeger / ViaTravelers. Domestic travel is a term used to describe traveling within one's own country, excluding international destinations. It encompasses various travel experiences such as weekend getaways, family vacations, business trips, or exploring one's native culture and heritage. Engaging in domestic travel means journeying ...

  5. Domestic tourism in the U.S.

    Domestic, or local, tourism refers to residents traveling within their own country, as opposed to international destinations. From beach trips in California to hiking in the Appalachian Mountains ...

  6. What Does Domestic Travel Mean? (Examples Included)

    A domestic tour allows you to stay in a location at a reasonable price. You can select a family hotel, apartment, camping site, or even a shared room based on your needs. When you take domestic excursions, you contribute to the country's economic progress. Tourism has been shown to have an impact on economic activity.

  7. The difference between international and domestic tourism

    Among the most common reasons are: Cost: Domestic travel generally entails shorter distances and lower travel expenses than international travel. Language and cultural barriers: Domestic tourism may be more enticing to travellers who are not comfortable traveling to a foreign country where they may be unfamiliar with the language and culture.

  8. Travel at Home: The Benefits of Domestic Tourism

    Domestic Tourism. Domestic travel is termed as travel within one's own country. Even visitors to a neighbouring state would be classified as domestic tourists. Domestic travel is important for the domestic economy as it feeds money back into the local economy. This helps revitalise the livelihoods of locals, as well as bolsters the local ...

  9. Domestic tourism

    Domestic tourism generally makes up the vast majority of flows, even though it is more difficult to track of this type than those of international tourism which requires the crossing of the international border. For this reason, domestic tourism throughout the world is a predominant yet invisible portion of economic activities known as the ...

  10. Domestic tourism

    Other articles where domestic tourism is discussed: tourism: Day-trippers and domestic tourism: While domestic tourism could be seen as less glamorous and dramatic than international traffic flows, it has been more important to more people over a longer period. From the 1920s the rise of Florida as a destination for American tourists has been characterized…

  11. What is Domestic Tourism?

    But this isn't just restricted to far-flung locations as it is entirely possible to be a tourist in your own country. This is a branch of tourism called Domestic Tourism, the act of holidaying within the country that you live, often called a staycation in the UK. In this article, we'll be looking at reasons why you should be a tourist in ...

  12. Re-defining Domestic Tourism in the New Normal: A literature Review

    Domestic tourism as a concept has been defined as the activities of a resident visitor within the country of residence, either as part of domestic tourism trip or part of an outbound tourism trip [].Domestic tourism has over the years been connected to other concepts such as attitude and motivation [], advertising [], economic vulnerability [], motivation and travel [10,11].

  13. Domestic Tour: A Guide to Exploring Your Own Country

    When it comes to traveling, most people think about traveling to foreign countries. However, domestic tours can be equally exciting and rewarding. Domestic tours offer a chance to explore your own…

  14. What is a tour operator and how does it work?

    Domestic tour operators. A domestic tour operator is one who facilitates domestic tourism. The aim of a domestic tour operator is to organise travel within a particular country or countries. Domestic tour operators will often collaborate with domestic travel agencies and transport operators to facilitate travel arrangements for their customers.

  15. PDF Domestic tourism

    Domestic tourism Hyungsuk Choo Tourism, Leisure, and Event Planning School of Human Movement, Sports, and Leisure Studies, Bowling Green, USA Domestic tourism can be described as tourism involving residents of one country traveling within their own country. It does not involve the crossing of international borders at entry points.

  16. What is Inbound and Outbound Tourism?

    In domestic tourism, the tourist visits different regions, cities, or towns of the same country where he/she resides. In easy words, domestic tourism is vacations spent within the same country you live in. Let me give you an example of domestic tourism, Sarah lives in California, USA, and for her vacations, she visits Pennsylvania, USA.

  17. Tour Operators

    Domestic tour operators are those who assemble, combine tourist components into inclusive tours and sell it to the domestic travelers. In general, these tour operators provide travel services within the tourist's native country. The domestic tour operators operate within the boundary of the home country and offer package tour to the travelers ...

  18. Glossary of tourism terms

    Domestic visitor: As a visitor travels within his/her country of residence, he/she is a domestic visitor and his/her activities are part of domestic tourism. Durable consumer goods : Durable consumer goods are goods that may be used repeatedly or continuously over a period of a year or more, assuming a normal or average rate of physical usage.

  19. Staycations

    Imagine unmissable experiences you've always dreamed of, getting to know the locals, and having everything taken care of every step of the way. That's what you can expect on a Trafalgar trip in the USA. Unlock the best of our National Parks, bustling cities like New York and Los Angeles, and the unique characters along the way. See All US ...

  20. Which Type of Tour Operator are You? • Regiondo

    Domestic Tour Operators. Domestic tour operators are those that put together inclusive tour packages and sell them to domestic travelers. In other words, they are tour operators who provide travel packages and tours within a tourist's native country. Domestic tours usually involve residents of a specific country traveling within that country.

  21. Who is a Tour Operator? Know Roles and Responsibilities

    A tour operator is a company that designs, organizes, and sells pre-packaged tours or holiday packages to travelers. Tour operators handle all aspects of the tour, including accommodations, transportation, meals, guided tours, and activities. They often work with travel agents to sell their tour packages to clients.

  22. Best USA Local Tour Packages 2023/24

    LA to Vegas: Grand National Parks, May 2024. Pauline. Our intrepid LA to Vegas - Grand National Parks tour exceeded expectations. Because the group was small we were able to gel early and easily. The parks were awesome, Vegas was eye popping and the days full of well curated activities.

  23. Tour Operators: Types, Functions, Importance, Difference

    Domestic tour operators are those who assemble and combine tourist components into inclusive tours and sell them to domestic travellers. In general, these tour operators provide travel services within the boundary of the home country and offer package tours to travellers viz. domestic inclusive tours or independent tours.

  24. 5 Types of Tour Operators (with Duties and Niches)

    Domestic tour operator A domestic tour operator creates tours of the country they're based in for travellers who live in the same country. These tour operators encourage people to see more of their homelands, such as cities and sites within their location or other states and territories. Their connections with local businesses and understanding ...

  25. 10 Best Tour Companies to Book for Seamless Vacations

    Not all tour operators have large group tours. Audley Travel is a good example of a company that offers full-service trips that can be individualized for independent travelers. For example, I ...

  26. BikeWalkMHK enjoyed biking, food, and community for the Tour de Taco

    The Tour de Taco was put on by the BikeWalkMHK as 91 people rode their bikes across the town stopping at 3 taco spots. ... Horton woman arrested for possession of meth following domestic ...

  27. FavorHouse gives domestic violence the boot during Round-Up fundraiser

    Tickets are $60. Visit FavorHouse.org for details.. UWF Historic Trust and DeFuniak Landmarks promote historic preservation. The University of West Florida Historic Trust recently announced a ...

  28. SAT Dates and Deadlines

    These test dates and deadlines apply to all students—U.S. and international—taking the digital SAT: SAT Test Date*. Registration Deadline*. Deadline for Changes, Regular Cancellation, and Late Registration**. June 1, 2024. May 16, 2024. May 21, 2024. *Students who need to borrow a device from College Board will need to register and request ...

  29. Biden cabinet members tour Mid-State's Healthcare Simulation Center

    U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) Xavier Becerra and White House Domestic Policy Advisor Neera Tanden toured Mid-State's Healthcare Simulation Center June 13. ... Following the tour, they touted the partnership behind the innovative training facility as a much-needed model for the country to expand rural access to health care ...